Saturday, September 12, 2015

HEALTH BENEFITS OF COURSE GRAINS मोटे अनाजों से स्वास्थ्य लाभ

HEALTH BENEFITS OF COURSE GRAINS मोटे अनाजों से स्वास्थ्य लाभ 
Course grains are staple food for the poorest of poor. There was a time in Britain, when the miners, factory workers, who were low paid, exploited, ate them. In India farmers eat them in the proper season. Jwar is eaten during summers being cold in outcome-effect, while Bajra-pearl millet, Makka-maize are eaten during winters being hot in outcome-effect. Millet-durra (-ज्वार) Ragi, finger millet are the common names used for these grains. Their nutritive and therapeutic value is very high. 
There has been a trend-tradition-practice in India to use some of the grains like peas, oat, barley, gram, cluster beans in powdered-meshed-grinded-flour form and serve to the animals like ox, male buffalo which carry weight.The Human beings who do tough jobs may utilize them but those who do sedimentary jobs should avoid-reject them. There is a trend in India now a days adopted by high end companies to lure the common masses to consume them for want of high profits. These companies are in league with pharmacy firms. By eating these grains people are bound to become ill. These days corn flexes are freely consumed by the people in all season, which is dangerous since its beneficial during winters only.
आटा :- रोटी बनाने के लिए रागी, बेसन, मक्की, बाजरा, जौ आदि के आटे का प्रयोग भी कर सकते हैं, इसमें पौष्टिक तत्व और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट गेहूं की अपेक्षा कहीं अधिक होते हैं। जौ का पानी किडनी को स्वस्थ रखने में भी सहायक है। बगैर छिलके के जौ की रोटी पौष्टिक और गुणकारी है। इसको उबालकर इसका पानी पीने से पेट की चर्बी कम होने लगती है। रोटी बनाने के लिए जौ का आटा गर्मियों में विशेष फायदेमंद है। भुने हुए जौ और चने का सत्तू जो इन दोनों को भूनकर पीसने के बाद बनता है और गुड़-शक्कर या चीनी मिलाकर पीने से गर्मियों में फायदा करता है। अपने आप में पौष्टिक होने के साथ-साथ यह पेट भी भरता है। 
OATS-जई का प्रयोग खेती में उपयोगी और दुधारू पशुओं को पीसकर खिलाने के काम आता है। इसको पाचन सहज नहीं है। जो लोग शारीरिक परिश्रम करते हैं, उनको यह विशेष लाभकर है। जो लोग दफ्तर आदि में काम करते हैं, उनको यह हानि पहुँचा सकता है। आजकल इसके बिस्किट बाजार में बिक रहे हैं और इसका बहुत गुणगान हो रहा है, जो कि महज़ एक छलावा है।  
SPROUTED PULSES-CEREALS: अंकुरित बीज, दालें, अनाज कच्चे खाने पर लाभ प्रद हैं। मूँग, मसूर, चना, गेंहूँ आदि को अंकुरित करके कच्चा चबाना हितकर है। साबुत मूँग, मसूर, चना, राजमा, लोबिया पकाकर खाने पर भी लाभप्रद हैं। Sprouted  seeds-cereals-legumes/whole pulses  like gram and wheat are good for health.
PEARL MILLET (-बाजरा): Its a source of energy and keeps the body warm during winters. Sedimentary workers should consume small quantities of it. Even little excess may lead to constipation during warm weather. It removes cough and mucus. दस्तावर, गर्म, श्लेश्मा, बलगम का नाश करने वाला है।
जौ-barley, जई-oat, gwar-guar-ग्वार-cluster bean, बिनौला-cotton seed, soya bean-सोया बीन, सूरजमुखी Sun flower are some of the items which are aggressively sold in the market to attract buyers, who are unaware of the fact that these food items are not meant for them.They constitute animal feed.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF RAGI: (1). Its rich in protein having eleusinin along with significant quantities of tryptophan, cystine, methionine. It prevents malnutrition. (2). Its a rich source of minerals and has 5-30 times the calcium content found in other cereals. It is rich in phosphorus, potassium and iron. Calcium is of course an important component in maintaining bone density and health. Its a better substitute for those suffering from osteoporosis or low hemoglobin levels. (3). Grains containing complex carbohydrates with high dietary fiber levels and beneficial phyto chemicals are useful in controlling diabetes, which are usually found in the outer layer of the grain or the seed coat. One should regularly consume whole grains. The seed coat of finger millet is richer in poly phenols as compared to grains such as barley, rice, maize and wheat. It has 40 times the phenolic content of rice and 5 times that of wheat. Among the millets, it is comparable to foxtail millet and second only to kodo millet. It controls blood glucose levels and hyperglycemic and oxidative stress. Ragi helps in accelerating wound healing among diabetics. (4). Ragi has anti bacterial properties and has been found to act against a number of bacteria including Bacillus cereus, which causes food poisoning, Salmonella sp., which causes a typhoid-like fever and Staphylococcus aureus, one of the primary causes of skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses, furuncles and cellulitis. (5). It is also rich in antioxidants, which prevent cancer and ageing due to cell damage. The phenolic acids, flavonoids and tannins present in finger millet seed coats have very effective antioxidant properties. People on millet-based diets have lower incidences of esophageal cancer than those on wheat or maize-diets. (6). Finger millet and kodo millet have potential in inhibiting cross-linking of collagen molecules in tendons, skin and even blood vessels. Collagen gives elasticity and cross-linking  to tissues which reduces stiffness commonly associated with age, keeping one young(7). It has the potential to reduce risk of cardiovascular diseases. It reduces concentrations of serum triglycerides and inhibits lipid oxidation and LDL cholesterol oxidation. LDL (Low Density Lipo protein) cholesterol-bad cholesterol which is especially troublesome when oxidized. Oxidized LDL inflames the arteries, leading to arteriosclerosis and the risk of heart attack or strokes.

No comments:

Post a Comment