Thursday, April 16, 2015

अश्वत्थामा

अश्वत्थामा
अश्वत्थामा द्रोणाचार्य के पुत्र हैं। उनकी माता का नाम कृपी और मामा का नाम कृप था जो कि कृपाचार्य के नाम से विख्यात हैं।अश्वत्थामा और कृपाचार्य दोनों ही अमर-मृत्युंजय-दीर्घजीवी हैं। पैदा होते ही वे अश्व की भाँति हिनहिनाये-आवाज की। अश्व की भाँति स्थाम (-शब्द, आवाज) करने के कारण उनका नाम अश्वत्थामा पड़ा। 
उनके पिता द्रोणाचार्य अन्य ब्राह्मणों के समान ही निर्धन थे। उनके पास अपनी पत्नी और बालक के पालन-पोषण के लिए भी पर्याप्त धन, गाय आदि नहीं थे। अश्वत्थामा दूध माँगते थे तो माता कृपि उन्हें आटा घोलकर पिला देती थीं। उनकी इच्छा पूर्ति और अभाव को दूर करने के लिए ही द्रोणाचार्य ने कौरवों और पाण्डवों को शिक्षा-दीक्षा देना स्वीकार किया था। अर्जुन ने द्रुपद को युद्ध में परास्त करके गुरुदक्षिणा में उन्हें द्रुपद का पाञ्चाल राज्य प्रदान किया; परन्तु आचार्य ने आधा राज्य द्रुपद-पाञ्चाल नरेश को लौटा दिया। 
अश्वत्थामा महान योद्धा, महारथी, धनुर्धारियों में श्रेष्ठ, विचित्र युद्ध करने वाले और दृढ़ प्रहार करने वाले तथा युद्ध क्षेत्र में साक्षात यमराज जान पड़ते थे। वे साहसी, निर्भीक और पराक्रमी भी थे। कौरवों सहित कर्ण भी उनसे डरता था। अश्वत्थामा बड़े खरे स्वभाव के व्यक्ति थे। उनका चाटुकारिता में विश्वास नहीं था। दुर्योधन तक को स्पष्ट बोलने में वे कभी नहीं हिचकते थे। 
पाण्डवों के वनवास के 13 वर्ष पूरे हो चुके थे। उनका वनवास छलपूर्वक तोड़ने के लिए कौरवों ने विराट की नगरी पर आक्रमण करने का विचार किया। उस समय बहुत से अपशकुन होने लगे, जिन्हें देखकर आचार्य द्रोण ने कहा कि समय युद्ध के लिये अनुकूल नहीं है। अर्जुन द्वारा स्वर्ग जाकर अलौकिक अस्त्र-शस्त्र प्राप्त करने के बारे में सबको पता ही था। भीष्म पितामह सहित आचार्य द्रोण और कृपाचार्य को भी पता था कि अब अर्जुन को पराजित के पाना सम्भव नहीं रह गया था।अर्जुन की यह प्रशंसा द्रोणाचार्य के मुख से सुनकर कर्ण के हृदय में आग-सी लग गई। उसने आवेश में आकर द्रोणाचार्य से कटु वचन कहे और अपनी वीरता का दंभ भी भरा।अश्वत्थामा ने बिगड़कर सभी कौरवों तथा कर्ण से पूछा कि निर्दयी दुर्योधन के सिवा कौन क्षत्रिय कपट के जुए से राज्य पाकर संतुष्ट हो सकता है? बहेलिए की तरह धोखेबाजी से धन-वैभव प्राप्त करके कौन अपनी बढ़ाई चाहेगा? क्या कौरवों ने आमने-सामने युद्ध में पाण्डवों को हरा कर उनका सर्वस्व हड़पा था? निर्लज्ज कौरवों ने द्रौपदी को अन्याय पूर्वक सभा में घसीटा था?
उन्होंने कर्ण से पूछा कि वो अपनी वीरता का दम किस आधार पर भरता था ? अर्जुन बल और पराक्रम में उससे कहीं अधिक श्रेष्ठ थे। उन्होंने कहा कि अगर हिम्मत है तो अर्जुन का सामना करो। उन्होंने कपटी-जुआरी मामा शकुनि को भी युद्धक्षेत्र में पराक्रम दिखाने को कहा। कौरवों में से कोई भी पराक्रमी अर्जुन से मुकाबला करने में समर्थ नहीं था। उन्होंने स्पष्ट कर दिया कि वे दुर्योधन से मित्रता के बावजूद अर्जुन से आमने-सामने का युद्ध नहीं करना चाहते थे। 
कर्ण अपने ईर्ष्यालु स्वभाव और डींग मारने की आदत के कारण अपने पराक्रम को बढ़ा-चढ़ाकर कहता था।उसने कहा कि अर्जुन अगर उसके सामने आये तो वो क्षण भर में परास्त कर देगा। यद्यपि कर्ण सहित सारी सेना की विराट युद्ध में पराजय हुई थी; तथापि वो दम्भ भरी बातें करता ही रहा। कृपाचार्य ने इस दंभ के लिए कर्ण को फटकारा तो उसने कृपाचार्य के टोकने पर तलवार से जीब काटने की धमकी दे डाली। अश्वत्थामा ने क्रोधावेश में कर्ण को सूतपुत्र और अधम कहा। उन्होंने कर्ण से पूछा कि जिस समय अर्जुन ने जयद्रथ को मारा था, उस समय उसकी वीरता और युद्ध कौशल कहाँ गए थे ? अगर वो एक सच्चा शूरवीर था तो उसी समय पराक्रमी अर्जुन का सामना करता और उसको धराशायी करके जयद्रथ की प्राण रक्षा करता। कटु वचन सुनकर कर्ण को गुस्सा आ गया। वह प्रहार करने के लिए उठ खड़ा हुआ। कर्ण पर रुष्ट होकर अश्वत्थामा अपनी जान की परवाह न करते हुए तलवार लेकर उस पर झपट पड़े। झगड़ा बढ़ते देख दुर्योधन और कृपाचार्य ने आकर बीच-बचाव किया। दुर्योधन ने दोनों को समझाया और कहा कि वे दोनों ही उसके मित्र और शक्ति थे। 
गुरु द्रोणाचार्य ने धर्मराज युधिष्ठिर से यह सुन कर कि अश्वत्थामा मारा गया, शस्त्र त्याग दिए और अपने रथ पर बैठ गए। धृष्टद्युम्न ने उनका सिर काट कर पाञ्चाल नरेश द्रुपद की इच्छा का सम्मान किया।उसका जन्म ही इस हेतु हुआ था और यह सभी जानते भी थे। द्रोणाचार्य स्वयं निहत्थे अभिमन्यु के वध में शामिल थे। वे द्रोपदी के चीर हरण में मूक दर्शक बने रहे। नमक का भार-कर्ज चुकाने के लिए उन्होंने दुर्योधन के किसी भी अनैतिक कार्य का विरोध नहीं किया। उनकी हत्या के तत्पचात अश्वत्थामा को अपने को पिता की हत्या अन्यायपूर्ण तरीके से करने की बात मालूम हुई, तो उनको बड़ा दुख हुआ और उन्होंने क्रोध के आवेग में पाँडवों और पाँचालों को समूल नष्ट कर डालने की प्रतिज्ञा की। दुर्योधन ने उन्हें इसके लिए और भी उत्तेजित किया।  
अगले दिन अश्वत्थामा ने नारायणास्त्र का प्रयोग किया यद्यपि भगवान् श्री कृष्ण के युद्ध भूमि में रहने से किसी का कुछ अनिष्ट होने वाला नहीं था। भगवान् श्रीकृष्ण ने सभी सैनिकों को युद्ध रोककर पृथ्वी पर लेटने के लिये  कहा। अर्जुन ने गौ, ब्राह्मण और नारायणास्त्र के विरुद्ध गाण्डीव धनुष के प्रयोग से इंकार कर दिया। श्रीकृष्ण की बात मानकर सभी योद्धा अपने-अपने वाहनों से उतरकर पृथ्वी पर लेट गए। अर्जुन और श्री कृष्ण ने भीमसेन के हाथ से अस्त्र छीने और उनको रथ से उतार लिया और  नारायणास्त्र शान्त हो गया। वार विफल होते देखकर अश्वत्थामा ने नारायणास्त्र का प्रयोग दुबारा नहीं किया। 
अन्यायपूर्वक गुरु का मारा जाना अर्जुन और सात्यकि को अच्छा नहीं लगा। वे दोनों धृष्टद्युम्न को बुरा भला कहने लगे। गुरु की मृत्यु का उन्हें बहुत शोक हुआ।  सात्यकि तो गदा तानकर धृष्टद्युम्न को मारने के लिए आगे बढ़ आये।  भगवान् श्री कृष्ण का संकेत पाकर भीमसेन ने जाकर उन्हें किसी तरह रोका। गुरु की हत्या के लिए युधिष्ठिर ने स्वयं को दोषी माना। धर्मराज ने आवेश में आकर धृष्टद्युमन से  पाँचालों की सेना लेकर युद्ध भमि से जाने को कहा। वृष्णी, अंधक आदि वंशों के यादवों को सात्यकि के साथ जाने को कहा।उन्होंने आत्मदाह तक की बात कर डाली और कहा कि  वे अपनी जान देकर अर्जुन को सुखी करना चाहते थे। उन्होंने गुरु द्वारा किये गए अन्यायों को गिनाया और कहा कि आचार्य ने पाँडवों के साथ अच्छा व्यवहार नहीं किया था। अनेक महारथियों ने अकेले अभिमन्यु को निहत्था करके मारने में आचार्य शामिल थे। चक्रव्यूह की रचना उन्होंने ही की थी और युधिष्टर को कैद करने के लिए अर्जुन को युद्ध भूमि से दूर ले जाना भी उन्हीं की युक्ति थी। दुर्योधन के थक जाने पर आचार्य ने ही उसे अभेद्य कवच बांधकर पाण्ड़वों पर आक्रमण करने के लिए भेजा था। जयद्रथ की रक्षा करने का उन्होंने हर संभव प्रयास किया। 
अश्वत्थामा ने अमोघ आग्नेयास्त्र का प्रयोग किया।  उनका विचार अर्जुन और भगवान् श्रीं कृष्ण सहित सारी पाण्डव सेना को नष्ट कर देने का था। अर्जुन ने शीघ्र ही उस अस्त्र को शांत कर दिया, यद्यपि क्षण-भर में ही आग्नोयास्त्र एक अक्षौहिणी सेना को तो भस्म कर गया।  जब अश्वत्थामा का कुछ भी वश नहीं चला तो वह निराश होकर युद्ध-भूमि से लौट पड़ा और धनुर्विद्या की निंदा करने लगा। रास्ते में उन्हें महर्षि वेद व्यास मिले। उन्होंने समझाया और कहा कि अर्जुन और श्रीकृष्ण को मारने की सामर्थ्य किसी में भी नहीं थी क्योंकि वे स्वयं नर-नारायण हैं। व्यास जी के समझाने से अश्वत्थामा के हृदय का संताप मिट गया। 
कौरव-वंश के सभी प्रमुख योद्धा धराशायी हो चुके थे, केवल दुर्योधन शेष था।  पाण्डव सेना बड़ी वेग से बढ़ रही थी। उसकी मार से घबराकर कौरव-सेना पीछे भागने लगी।  दुर्योधन के भी पैर उखड़ गए और वह  द्वैपायन सरोवर में छिप गया। पाण्डव वीर दुर्योधन को खोजने लगे और जब उनको पता चला कि वह तो जाकर सरोवर में छिप गया है तो सरोवर के किनारे पहुँचकर उन्होंने दुर्योधन को कायर कहकर ललकारना प्रारंभ किया।  दुर्योधन चुनौती सुनकर बाहर निकल आया और भीमसेन से उसका गदा-युद्ध हुआ।  उस युद्ध में भीमसेन ने भगवान् श्री कृष्ण के इशारे से उसकी जांघ पर गदा मारी, जिससे वह आहत होकर पृथ्वी पर गिर पड़ा, लेकिन यह कार्य युद्ध के नियमों के विरुद्ध था।  अन्यायी के साथ अन्याय करना बुरा नहीं है। 
पाण्डवों के प्रस्थान के पश्चात अश्वत्थामा, कृपाचार्य और कृतवर्मा उक्त स्थल पर गए। भीमसेन के इस कृत्य को देखकर अश्वत्थामा को बड़ा क्रोध आया।  दुर्योधन असह्य पीड़ा से कराहता हुआ पृथ्वी पर पड़ा था। अश्वत्थामा ने प्रतिज्ञा की कि वह पाण्डवों का नाश करके ही संतोष की लेंगे। दुर्योधन ने अश्वत्थामा को सेनापति नियुक्त कर दिया।अश्वत्थामा, कृपाचार्य और कृतवर्मा तीनों व्यक्ति भयभीत होकर  वन की ओर चले गए, क्योंकि उनके ठहर जाने पर पाण्डवों  के आमने-सामने युद्ध होने की आशंका थी, जिसके लिए पर्याप्त शक्ति उनके पास नहीं थी। अश्वत्थामा वन के एकांत में पाण्डवों से किसी प्रकार बदला लेने की बात सोचने लगे। सोचते-सोचते रात हो गई, लेकिन फिर भी उसको नींद नहीं आई।  जब रात के एक-दो पहर निकल गए तो उसने देखा कि उसी बरगद के पेड़ पर, जिसके नीचे वे लेटे  हुए थे, एक उल्लू आया और सोते हुए कौओं का शिकार करने लगा। कौओं के बीच कोलाहल मच गया। उल्लू ने बहुत से कौओं को मार दिया। अश्वत्थामा के मस्तिष्क में विचार आया कि यदि वह पाण्डवों  से आमने-सामने आकर मुकाबला करेंगे  तो उनको पराजित करना संभव नहीं होगा। हाँ अगर उल्लू ने के समान नींद में अचेत पाण्डवों का रात्रि के समय संहार करे तो उनकी प्रतिज्ञा पूर्ण हो सकती है। रात्रि में सोए हुए शत्रु पर आक्रमण करना युद्ध के नियमों और नीति के विरुद्ध था। 
उनके इस विचार का कृपाचार्य और कृतवर्मा ने समर्थन नहीं किया। कृपाचार्य ने धर्म और नीति के माध्यम से उन्हें समझाने की व्यर्थ कोशिस की। अन्ततोगत्वा वे तीनों पूरी तरह दृढ़ होकर पाण्डवों के शिविर में जा घुसे।भगवान् श्री कृष्ण जान बूझकर पाण्डवों को स्नान-शुद्धि हेतु ले गए थे। वध के समय द्रोपदी के पुत्र अचेत होकर सो रहे थे। अश्वत्थामा ने धृष्टद्युम्न को पशुओं की तरह पीट-पीट कर मार डाला। द्रौपदी के पाँचों पुत्रों को पाण्डवों के भ्रम में मार डाला गया। अश्वत्थामा ने  क्रोध में आकर बर्बरता और निर्दयता का इन्तहा कर दी और न्याय, दया, धर्म को पूरी तरह भुला दिया। भीषण हाहाकार  मचाकर वे दुर्योधन के पास पहुँचे और बताया कि उन्होंने अन्याय का बदला ले लिया है। 
अपने पाँचों पुत्रों के शवों को देखकर द्रौपदी दुख के कारण करुण क्रंदन करती हुई युधिष्ठिर के सामने आकर गिर पड़ी। इसी समय भीमसेन ने उसे संभाल लिया। द्रौपदी ने कहा कि जब तक उनके पुत्रों का हत्यारा वह पापी और दुराचारी अश्वत्थामा नहीं मारा जाएगा, तब तक वे अन्न-जल ग्रहण नहीं करेंगी। अश्वत्थामा   पीछा करते हुए भीम सेन, अर्जुन, भगवान् श्री कृष्ण सहित सभी लोग भगवान् वेद व्यास के आश्रम में पहुँचे। अश्वत्थामा ने ब्रह्मास्त्र का प्रयोग पाण्डवों को नष्ट करने के लिए किया। ऋषियों की प्रार्थना के बाबजूद उन्होंने अस्त्र को वापस नहीं किया, क्योंकि उन्हें ब्रह्मास्त्र वापस लेना आता ही नहीं था। अर्जुन ने ब्रह्मास्त्र का प्रयोग कर उसे रोका और विश्व की रक्षा की। अश्वत्थामा ने उसे उत्तरा के गर्भ की ओर मोड़ दिया जिससे गर्भस्त शिशु की मौत हो गई, जिसे भगवान् श्री कृष्ण ने कुन्ती की प्रार्थना पर जीवन दान दिया। 
द्रोपदी ने गुरु पुत्र के वध से युधिष्टर को रोका; परन्तु उनके मस्तक की मणि निकाल कर, उन्हें निश्तेज कर दिया गया। अश्वत्थामा  को निर्दयता और अमानुषिकता का पूरा-पूरा दण्ड भोगना पड़ा। उन्हें कुन्ती पुत्रों की सोते में हत्या करने  कारण बहुत क्रूर और दुष्ट बुद्धि वाला माना जाता है, यद्यपि उन्हें इस कार्य के लिए भगवान् शिव की सहमति प्राप्त थी। उन्हें भगवान् शिव का अंशावतार माना जाता है। उन्हें तीन हजार वर्षों तक  निर्जन क्षेत्रों में अकेला भटकना पड़ा। उनकी देह से पीव और रक्त की दुर्गंध निकलती रही तथा उनका जीवन एक अभिशाप बन  गया। वे महृषि वेद व्यास के आश्रम में चले गए। 3000 वर्षों तक उनके मस्तिष्क के जख्म से पीव निकलता रहा। वे अब भी पृथ्वी पर भटक रहे हैं।

Monday, April 13, 2015

GOSWAMI TULSIDAS गोस्वामी तुलसी दास

GOSWAMI TULSIDAS गोस्वामी तुलसी दास
राम भक्ति शाखा के शिरोमणि तुलसी दास जी राम चरित मानस की रचना की।उनका बचपन का नाम रामबोला था। तुलसीदास जी का जन्म संवत 1554 श्रावण मास के शुक्ल पक्ष की सप्तमी के दिन उत्तर प्रदेश के बांदा जिले के राजपुर गाँव में हुआ। इनके पिता का नाम आत्माराम दुबे तथा माता का नाम तुलसी था। उनकी शारीरिक रचना पांच वर्ष के बालक जैसी थी। सामान्यता प्रत्येक बच्चा रोते हुए जन्म लेता हैं; परन्तु उन्होंने रोने की बजाए राम शब्द का उच्चारण किया था। जन्म के समय से ही इनके मुख में पूरे बत्तीस दांत थे 
उनकी विलक्षणता को लेकर माता-पिता को अनिष्ट की आशंका हुई। उन्होंने बालक अपनी सेविका चुनिया को सौंप दिया और वो उन्हें  लेकर अपनी ससुराल चली गई। तुलसीदास जी साढ़े पाँच वर्ष के हुए तो चुनिया इस संसार को छोड़ के चली गई। तब इस बालक पर अनंतानंद जी के शिष्य नरहरि आनन्द की दृष्टि पड़ी। वो तुलसीदास जी को अपने साथ अयोध्या ले गए। उन्होंने ही उनका नाम रामबोला रखा। 
तुलसीदास का विवाह रत्नावली से हुआ।  वे अपनी पत्नी से बहुत प्रेम करते थे और अपनी पत्नी का विछोह एक दिन के लिए भी सहन नहीं कर सकते थे। जब उनकी पत्नी उनको बताए बिना मायके चली गईं तो तुलसीदास जी उनके पीछे-पीछे ससुराल पहुँच गए, जिससे उनकी पत्नी को बहुत शर्म महसूस हुई।  उन्होंने तुलसीदास जी से कहा कि शरीर तो हाड-मास का पुतला है; जितना प्रेम तुम इस शरीर से करते हो, यदि उसका आधा भी भगवान श्री राम जी से करोगे तो, इस संसार के माया जाल से मुक्त हो जाओगे। तुम्हारा नाम अमर हो जाएगा। 
तुलसीदास के मन पर इस बात का गहरा प्रभाव पड़ा और वे उसी क्षण वहाँ से निकाल पड़े और अपना सब कुछ छोडकर तीर्थ स्थलों के दर्शन को चल दिए। हनुमान जी की कृपा से उन्हें भगवान राम जी के दर्शन हुए और उसके बाद उन्होंने अपना सारा जीवन राम जी की महिमा में लगा दिया। 
तुलसीदास जी ने राम चरित मानस के अतिरिक्त कवितावली, दोहावली, गीतावली व विनय पत्रिका आदि की रचना भी की। तुलसीदास जी ने बारह ग्रन्थ लिखे जिसमे राम चरित मानस सबसे अधिक लोकप्रिय है। उन्हें संस्कृत में रामायण के रचेता महृषि बाल्मीकि का अवतार भी माना जाता है। उन्होंने लेखन कार्य अवधी व ब्रज भाषा में किया था। जन मानस को अधिक प्रभावित करने वाले ग्रंथ राम चरित मानस की रचना लोक भाषा अवधी में हुई है। उन्होंने उस काल में प्रचलित दोहा, चौपाई, कविता व सवैया और पद लेखन की गीति शैली को ही अपनाया। 
BIRTH: 1497, Raja Pur (-present-day Chitr Koot district, Uttar Pradesh, India)
DEATH: 1623, Assi Ghat, Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India.
GURU: Nar Hari Das (-श्री नर हरी दास). Goswami Tulsidas (1497–1623) was a poet, saint, reformer and philosopher from Ramanandi Sampraday (-रामा नंदी सम्प्रदाय) in the lineage of Jagad Guru (-जगद गुरु)  Achary Ramanand (-आचार्य रामानन्द), renowned for his devotion to Bhagwan Shri Ram.
PHILOSOPHY:  Vaeshnavism (-वैष्णव).
COMPOSITIONS: Ram Charit Manas, Vinay Patrika, Dohavali, Kavitavali, Hanuman Chalisa, Vaeragy Sandipani, Janki Mangal, Parvati Mangal and others.
Goswami Tulsi Das has been acclaimed as one of the greatest poets in Awadhi (-अवधी)-a native-vernacular language close to Hindi and Braj Bhasha. He was acclaimed in his lifetime to be a reincarnation of Mahrishi Valmiki, the composer of the Valmiki Ramayan in Sanskrit. He is the composer of the Hanuman Chalisa, a popular devotional hymn dedicated to Hanuman Ji Maha Raj-the divine devotee of Bhagwan Shri Ram& an incarnation of Bhagwan Shiv.
Tulsi Das Ji Maharaj spent most of his life in the city of Varanasi. The Tulsi Ghat on banks the Maa Ganga in Varanasi is named after him.He established the Sankat Mochan Temple dedicated to Hanuman Ji in Varanasi, believed to stand at the place, where he had the sight of Shri Hanuman. Tulsidas Ji started the Ram Leela (-राम लीला मंचन) plays, a folk-theater adaption of the Ramayan.
REINCARNATION OF VALMIKI: Tulsi Das is believed to be a reincarnation of Valmiki. Bhagwan Shiv told Maa Parwati that Valmiki, who got a boon from Shri Hanuman to sing the glory of Ram in vernacular language, will incarnate in future in the Kali Yug. [Bhavishyottar Puran].
वाल्मीकिस्तुलसीदासः कलौ देवि भविष्यति। रामचन्द्रकथामेतां भाषाबद्धां करिष्यति॥                    
Valmikistulasidasah Klou Devi Bhaviṣyati;  Ramchandrkathametham Bhashabaddham Kariṣhyati.
हे पार्वती! वाल्मीकि कली युग में तुलसीदास के रूप में जन्म लेकर राम कथा की रचना करेंगे। O Devi Parvati ! Valmiki will become Tulsi Das in the Kali Yug-Present cosmic era and will compose this narrative of Shri Ram in the vernacular language. [Bhavishyottar Puran, Pratisarg Parv, 4.20]
Hanuman Ji met Mahrishi Valmiki several times to hear him recite Ramayan, but Valmiki turned down his request saying that Hanuman being a monkey was unworthy of hearing the epic. After the victory of Ram over Ravan, Hanuman Ji proceeded to the Himalay to continue his worship of Bhagwan Shri Ram. There he scripted a play version of the Ramayan called Maha Natak or Hanuman Natak engraved on the Himalayan rocks using his nails.When Valmiki saw the play written by Hanuman, he anticipated that the beauty of the Maha Natak would eclipse his own Ramayan. Hanuman was saddened at Valmiki's state of mind and being a true Bhakt without any desire for glory, Hanuman Ji cast all the rocks into the ocean, some parts of which are believed to be available today as Hanuman Natak. After this, Valmiki was blessed by Hanuman Ji to take birth as Tulsi Das and compose the Ramayan in the vernacular.
Tulsidas was born on saptmi (-सप्तमी), the seventh day of Shukl Paksh (-शुक्ल पक्ष), the bright half of the lunar Hindu calendar month Shravan (-श्रावण मास, July–August), in  Raja Pur (-Chitr Koot), a village on the banks of  Yamuna river in Uttar Pradesh. Shukar Khet (-सूकर खेत-क्षेत्र), in District Ghonda, Uttar Pradesh,50 Kms from Ayodhya, which has been declared officially by Govt. of Uttar Pradesh as the birth place of Tulsi Das Ji. He was born to Hulsi and Atma Ram Dubey-a Saryupani Brahmn of the Parashar Gotr (-lineage, hierarchy).
Tulsidas was born after staying in the womb for twelve months. He had all thirty two teeth in his mouth at birth, his health and looks were like that of a five-year-old boy and he did not cry at the time of his birth but uttered Ram-so he was named Rambola by his Guru later. He was born under the Abhuktmool constellation, which  might cause immediate danger to the life of his father. Due to the inauspicious events at the time of his birth, he was abandoned by his parents on the fourth night, and sent away with Chuniya-a maid servant of Hulsi.
Chuniya took the child to her village of Hari Pur and looked after him for five and a half years after which she died. Rambola was left to fend for himself as an impoverished orphan and wandered from door to door begging for alms. Maa Parvati fed him in the grab of a Brahmni  and fed Rambola every day.
At the age of five years, Rambola was adopted by Swami Nar Hari Das, a Vaeshnav ascetic of Ramanand's monastic order who was believed to be the fourth disciple of Ramanand; alternately, the disciple of Anantachary. Rambola was given the Virakt Deeksha (-विरक्त दीक्षा-वैरागी, Vaeragi initiation) with the new name of Tulsi Das. At the age of seven years his Up Nayan (-sacred thread ceremony) was performed by Nar Hari Das on the fifth day of the bright half of the month of Magh (January–February) at Ayodhya, a pilgrimage-site related to Bhagwan Shri Ram. Tulsidas started his learning at Ayodhya. Nar Hari Das took him to a particular Varah Kshetr (-a holy place with temple dedicated to Varah–the boar avatar-incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu), where he first narrated the Ramayan to Tulsidas.
मैं पुनि निज गुर सन सुनी कथा सो सूकरखेत। समुझी नहिं तस बालपन तब अति रहेउँ अचेत॥ 
Maen Puni Nij Gur San Suni Katha so Sukar Khet; 
Samujhi Nahin Tas Balpan Tab Ati Rahehun Achet.
मैने राम कथा का श्रवण सूकर क्षेत्र में अपने गुरु से किया। I heard the narrative from my Guru in Sukar Khet (-Varah Kshetr). I did not understand it then, since I was totally without cognition in childhood. [Ram Charit Manas 1.30].
Tulsi Das later came to the sacred city of Varanasi and studied Sanskrit grammar, four Veds, six Vedangs, Jyotish and the six schools of Hindu philosophy over a period of 15–16 years from Guru Shesh Sanatan who was based at the Panch Ganga Ghat in Varanasi. Shesh Sanatan was a friend of Nar Hari Das and a renowned scholar on literature and philosophy. After completing his studies, Tulsi Das Ji came back to his birthplace Raja Pur, with the permission of Shesh Sanatan. Here he found that his family was no more, with his parents dead. Tulsi Das Ji performed the Shraddh ceremony (-which deals with giving offerings to the ancestors, last rites) of his parents. He started living in his ancestral home and narrating the Ram Katha  in Chitr Koot.
Tulsi Das Ji married Ratnavali on the thirteenth day of the bright half of the Jyeshth month (May–June) in Vikrami Samwat 1583 (-1526 CE). Ratnavali was the daughter of Deen Bandhu Pathak, a Brahmn of the Bhardwaj Gotr, who belonged to Mahewa village of Kaushambi district.They had a son named Tarak who died as a toddler. Once when Tulsi Das Ji had gone to a Hanuman temple, Ratnavali went to her father's home with her brother. When Tulsi Das came to know this, he swam across the Yamuna river in the night to meet his wife. Ratnavali chided Tulsidas for this and remarked that if Tulsi Das was even half as devoted to God as he was to her body of flesh and blood, he would have been redeemed. Tulsidas left her instantly and left for the holy city of Prayag. He renounced the Grahasth (-householder's life) stage and became a Sadhu (-ascetic).
After renunciation, Tulsidas spent most of his time at Varanasi, Prayag, Ayodhya and Chitr Koot & visited many other nearby and far-off places-pilgrimages. He travelled across India to many places, studying different people, meeting saints and Sadhus and meditating. Mool Gosain Charitr gives an account of his travels to the four pilgrimages of Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameshwaram and the Himalay. He visited the Man Sarovar lake in current-day Tibet, where tradition holds he had Darshan (-sight) of Kak Bhushundi, the divine crow (-a Brahmn cursed by his colleague Kalia Nag, also an ascetic Brahmn, who is one of the four narrators in the Ram Charit Manas. Kak Bhushundi witnessed the same event occurring in 6 Manvantars like the repeating beads of a rosary and narrated the story to sages, Rishris, Mahrishis at Suk Tal in UP, India.
He had met face to face with Hanuman Ji and Bhagwan Shri Ram. Tulsi Das Ji used to visit the woods outside Varanasi for his morning ablutions with a water pot. On his return to the city, he used to offer the remaining water to a certain tree. This quenched the thirst of a Pret (-ghost believed to be ever thirsty for water), who appeared before Tulsi Das and offered him a boon. Tulsi Das said he wished to see Bhagwa Shri Ram with his eyes, to which the Pret responded that it was beyond his powers. However, the Pret said that he could guide Tulsi Das Ji to Shri Hanuman, who could grant the boon Tulsi Das Ji asked for. The Pret told Tulsi Das Ji that Hanuman Ji came everyday disguised in the mean attire of a leper to listen to his Katha, he was the first to arrive and last to leave.
That evening Tulsi Das Ji noted that the first listener to arrive at his discourse was an old leper, who sat at the end of the gathering. After the Katha was over, Tulsi Das Ji quietly followed the leper to the woods. There in the woods, at the spot where the Sankat Mochan Temple stands today, Tulsi Das Ji firmly fell at the leper's feet, saying that he had recognized him. Initially, the leper feigned ignorance but Tulsi Das's insistence paved the way. He did not relent. The leper revealed his original form of Hanuman and blessed Tulsi Das. When granted a boon, Tulsi Das Ji told Hanuman Ji that he wanted to see Ram face to face. Hanuman Ji told him to go to Chitra Koot where he would see Bhagwan Shri Ram with his own eyes.
Tulsidas followed the instruction of Hanuman Ji and started living in an Ashram at Ram Ghat in Chitra Koot. One day Tulsi Das Ji went to perform the Parikrama (-circumlocution) of the Kamad Giri mountain. He saw two princes, one dark and the other fair, dressed in green robes pass by, mounted on horse backs. Tulsi Das Ji was enraptured at the sight, however he could not recognize them and took his eyes off them. Later Hanuman Ji asked Tulsi Das Ji if he saw Bhagwan Shri Ram and his brother Laxman on horses. Tulsi Das Ji was disappointed and repentful. Hanuman Ji assured Tulsi Das Ji that he would have the sight of Shri Ram once again, the next morning. Tulsi Das recalls this incident in a song of the Gita Vali and laments how his eyes turned his own enemies, by staying fixed to the ground and how everything happened in a trice. On the next morning, Wednesday, the new-moon day of Magh, Vikram Samwat 1607 (1551 CE)  Bhagwan Shri Ram again appeared before Tulsi Das Ji, as a child. Tulsi Das Ji was making sandalwood paste when the child came and asked for a sandalwood Tilak (-a religious mark on the forehead). This time Hanuman Ji gave a hint to Tulsi Das Ji and he had a full view of Bhagwan Shri Ram. Tulsi Das Ji was so charmed that he forgot about the sandalwood paste. Shri Ram took the sandalwood paste and put a Tilak himself on his forehead and Tulsidas' forehead before disappearing.
In Vikram Samwat 1628 (1572 CE), Tulsi Das Ji left Chitr Koot for Prayag, where he stayed during the Magh Mela (-the annual fair in January). Six days after the Mela ended, he had the Darshan of the sages Yagyvalky and Bhardwaj under a banyan tree.In one of the four dialogues in the Ram Charit Manas, Yagyvalky is the speaker and Bhardwaj the listener. Tulsi Das Ji described the meeting between Yagyvalky and Bhardwaj after a Magh Mela festival in the Ram Charit Manas. It is this meeting where Yagyvalky narrates the Ram Charit Manas to  Bhardwaj.
A Brahmni dressed in bridal make up & attire bowed before Tulsi Das Ji, who in turn blessed her to be Saubhagy Vati (-a woman whose husband is alive). The woman was accompanying her husbands dead body to perform self immolation-Sati, along with her husband. She informed Tulsi Das Ji Maharaj that her husband had died and she had come to cremate his body. How could she be Saubhagy Vati!? He said that the one (-Shri Ram) who led him to bless the woman would fulfill the words narrated by him. He asked everybody present to close their eyes and utter the name of Ram, on doing so, the dead Brahmn revived back to life.
Emperor Akbar summoned Tulsi Das Ji on hearing of his bringing back a dead man to life. Tulsi Das Ji declined to meet Akbar as he was too engrossed in creating his verses. He was forcibly brought before Akbar and was asked to perform a miracle, which Tulsi Das Ji declined by saying that it was not possible, since he did not have such powers.All he knew, that the feat was Ram's Leela- an act of Bhagwan Shri Ram. The emperor imprisoned Tulsi Das Ji at Fateh Pur Sikri near Agra. Tulsi Das Ji refused to bow to Akbar and created a verse in praise of Hanuman Ji and chanted it (-Hanuman Chalisa) for forty days and suddenly an army of monkeys descended upon the town and wreaked havoc in all nook & corners of Fateh Pur Sikri, entering each home and the emperor's harem, scratching people and throwing bricks from ramparts. An old Hafiz told the emperor that this was the miracle of the imprisoned Fakir.The emperor fell at Tulsi Das Ji's feet, released him, apologizing repeatedly. Tulsi Das Ji stopped the monkey menace and asked the emperor to abandon the place. The emperor agreed and moved to Agra. Ever since Akbar (-who him self was a Brahmn in previous birth and had immolated himself in protest against the atrocities of Babar, along with his 20 disciples. Tan Sen his Guru Hari Das & Beer Bal, Man Singh etc., were his disciples. He took birth as a Musalman, since he consumed cow's hair along with milk, un knowingly. He went to heaven after his death.) became a close friend of Tulsi Das Ji and he issued-ordered a Farman that followers of Bhagwan Shri Ram, Hanuman Ji & Hindus, would not be harassed in his kingdom.
Tulsi Das Ji visited Vrandavan, to pay obeisance to Bhagwan Shri Krashn. When Tulsi Das Ji began bowing down to the idol of Bhagwan Shri Krashn, the Mahant-Head Priest Parshuram told Tulsi Das Ji that one who bows down to any deity except his Isht Devta (-cherished form of divinity) was a fool. Tulsi Das Ji's Isht Devta was Bhagwan Shri Ram. Tulsi Das Ji recited the following extemporaneously composed couplet:
                  काह कहौं छबि आजुकि भले बने हो नाथ।तुलसी मस्तक तब नवै धरो धनुष शर हाथ॥                    Kaha  Kahoun Chhabi Ajuki Bhale Bane Ho Nath; 
Tulsi Mastak Tb Navae Dharo Dhanush Shar Hath. 
हे प्रभु ! मैं आपकी प्रसंशा किन शब्दों में करूँ। आपके भक्त का सर आपके चरणों में तब झुकेगा जब आप हाथ में धनुष बाण लेंगे॥ Hey Nath! How shall I describe your splendor, for you appear auspicious. Tulsi Das will bow down his head when you take the bow and the arrow in your hands.
When Tulsi Das Ji recited this couplet, the idol of Bhagwan Shri Krashn holding the flute and stick in hands changed to the idol of Bhagwan Shri Ram holding the bow and arrow in his hands.
Tulsi Das Ji started composing poetry in Sanskrat in Varanasi on the Prahlad Ghat. Tradition holds that all the verses that he composed during the day, would get lost in the night. This happened daily for eight days. On the eighth night, Bhagwan Shiv, whose famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple is located in Varanasi, ordered Tulsi Das Ji in a dream to compose poetry in the vernacular instead of Sanskrat. Tulsi Das Ji woke up and saw both Bhagwan Shiv and Maa Parvati, who blessed him. Bhagwan Shiv ordered Tulsi Das Ji to go to Ayodhya and compose poetry in Awadhi. Bhagwan Shiv also predicted that Tulsi Das's poetry would fructify like the Sam Ved. Tulsi Das Ji hinted in Ram Charit Manas that he had the Darshan of Bhagwan Shiv and Maa Parvati in both dream and awakened state.
Tulsi Das Ji started composing the Ram Charit Manas in Ayodhya on Tuesday, Ram Navami (-ninth day of the bright half of the Chaitr Mas, which is the birthday of Bhagwan Shri Ram) in the year Vikrami Samwat 1631 (1575 CE). Tulsi Das Ji himself attests this date in the Ram Charit Manas. He composed the epic for over two years, seven months and twenty-six days and completed the work in Vikrami Samwat 1633 (1577 CE) on the Vivah Panchami day (-fifth day of the bright half of the Marg Sheersh month, which commensurate the wedding of  Bhagwan Shri Ram and his Maa Sita).
Tulsi Das Ji came to Varanasi and recited the Ram Charit Manas to Bhagwan Shiv (-Kashi Vishwanath) and Maa Parvati (-Ann Purna) at the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Brahmns of Varanasi, who were critical of Tulsidas for having rendered the Sanskrat Ramayan in the vernacular, decided to test the worth of the work. A manuscript of the Ram Charit Manas was kept at the bottom of pile of Sanskrat scriptures in the sanctum sanctorum of the Vishwanath temple in the night and the doors of the sanctum sanctorum were locked. In the morning when the doors were opened, the Ram Charit Manas was found at the top of the pile. The words Satyam Shivam Sundram (Sanskrat: सत्यं शिवं सुन्दरम्, literally Truth, Auspiciousness, Beauty) were inscribed on the manuscript with the signature of Bhagwan Shiv. The words were also heard by the people present. The king of Kashi ordered to weigh the four Veds and Ram Charit Manas. Though with low volume and weight, yet it proved heavier than the Veds.
Some Brahmans of Varanasi were still not satisfied and sent two thieves to steal the manuscript.The thieves tried to break into the Ashram of Tulsi Das, but were confronted by two guards with bows and arrows, of dark and fair complexion, aged 14 years. The thieves had a change of heart and came to Tulsi Das  Ji in the morning to ask who the two guards were. Believing that the two guards could be none other than Bhagwan Shri Ram and Laxman Ji Tulsi Das Ji was aggrieved to know that they were guarding his home at night. He sent the manuscript of Ram Charit Manas to his friend Raja Todar Mal, the finance minister of Akbar and donated all his money. The thieves were reformed and became devotees of Shri Ram. Tulsi Das Ji honored them for having seen the deity with their own eyes.
Around Vikrami Samwat 1664 (1607 CE), Tulsi Das Ji was afflicted by acute pain all over his body, especially in his arms. He composed the Hanuman Bahuk, where he describes his bodily pain and suffering, in several stanzas. He was relieved of his pain after this composition. Later, he was also afflicted by Bartod-Baltod boils (-बालतोड़, बरतोड़, furuncles caused by pulling out of the hair), which may have been the cause of his death.
The Vinay Patrika is considered to be the last composition of Tulsi Das Ji, believed to be written when Kali Yug started troubling him.In this work of 279 stanzas, he beseeches Bhagwan Shri Ram to give him Bhakti (-devotion) and to accept his petition. Tulsi Das Ji attested in the last stanza of Vinay Patrika that Shri Ram himself signed the manuscript of the work. The 45th stanza of the Vinay Patrika is sung as the evening Aarti by the devotees.
Tulsi Das died at the Assi Ghat on the bank of the river Maa Ganga in the Shravan (July–August) Mas of the year Vikrami Samwat 1680 (1623 CE). 
COMPOSITION IN AWADHI: Ram Charit Manas, Ramlala Nahchhu, Barvae Ramayan, Parvati Mangal, Janki Mangal and Ramagya Prashn.
COMPOSITIONS IN BRAJ: Krashn Gitavali,  Kavitavali, Dohavali, Vairagy Sandipani and Vinay Patrika.
OTHER COMPOSITIONS: Besides these twelve works, four more compositions by Tulsi Das Ji are available, which include Hanuman Chalisa, Hanuman Ashtak, Hanuman Bahuk and Tulsi Satsai.
DOHAWALI (-दोहावली, 1581): It constitutes of 573 miscellaneous Doha and Sortha (-दोहा, दोहे, सौरठा) verses mainly in Braj Bhasha-Boli (-dialect) with some verses in Awadhi. The verses are aphorisms on topics related to tact, political wisdom, righteousness and the purpose of life. 85 Dohas from this work are also found in the Ram Charit Manas, 35 in Ramagya Prashn, two in Vaeragy Sandipani and some in Ram Satsai-another work of 747 Dohas attributed to Tulsidas.
KAVITAVALI or Kavita Ramayan (-कवितावली, 1608–1614): Its a collection of Kavitas-poetry, with Braj rendering of the Ramayan, composed entirely in meters of the Kavita family–Kavita, Savaiya (-कविता, सवैया), Ghnakshari (-घनाक्षरी) and Chhappaya. It consists of 325 verses including 183 verses in the Uttar Kand. Like the Ram Charit Manas, it is divided into seven Kands or books and many episodes in this work are different from the Ram Charit Manas.
GITAVALI (-गीतावली):  It is a collection of Songs, in Braj rendering of the Ramayan in songs. All the verses are set to Rags of Hindustani classical music and are suitable for singing. It consists of 328 songs divided into seven Kands or books. Many episodes of the Ramayan are elaborated while many others are abridged.
KRASHN GITAVALI or Krashnavali (-कृष्ण गीतावली, 1607):  This is a collection of 61 songs to devoted to Bhagwan Shri Krashn, in Braj Boli. There are 32 songs devoted to the childhood sports (-Bal Leela) and Ras Leela of Shri Krashn, 27 songs form the dialogue between Bhagwan Shri Krashn and Uddhav Ji-his cousin and two songs describe the episode of disrobing of Draupadi.
VINAY PATRIKA (-विनय पत्रिका): This is a petition of Humility, in Braj Bhasha consisting of 279 stanzas or hymns. The stanzas form a petition in the court of Ram asking for Bhakti. It is considered to be the second best work of Tulsi Das Ji after the Ram Charit Manas and is regarded as important from the viewpoints of philosophy, erudition, eulogistic and poetic style of Tulsi Das. The first 43 hymns are addressed to various deities and Ram's courtiers, attendants and remaining are addressed to Shri Ram.
BARVAE RAMAYAN  (-बरवै रामायण, 1612): This is  Ramayan in Barvae meter, an abridged rendering of the Ramayan in Awadhi. The works consists of 69 verses composed in the Barvae meter and is divided into seven Kands or books. The work is based on a psychological framework.
PARWATI MANGAL (पार्वती मंगल): It focuses over the marriage of  Maa Parvati, in Awadhi having 164 verses describing the penance of Maa Parvati and her marriage with Bhagwan Shiv. It consists of 148 verses in the Sohar meter and 16 verses in the Harigitika metre.
JANKI MANGAL (जानकी मंगल): It describes the marriage of Maa Sita, in Awadhi having 216 verses with Bhagwan Shri Ram. The work includes 192 verses in the Hansgati meter and 24 verses in the Harigitika meters. The narrative differs from the Ram Charit Manas at several places.
RAMLALA NAHCHHU (-रामलला नहछू):  The Nahchhu ceremony of the child Ram, is an Awadhi composition of 20 verses  in  Sohar metre. The Nahchhu ceremony involves cutting the nails of the feet before Sanskars-initiation to education (-rituals),  Chudakaran, Upnayan, Vedarambh, Samavartan or Vivah. The events take place in the city of Ayodhya, so it is considered to describe the Nahchhu before Upnayan, Vedarambh and Samavartan.
RAMAGYA PRASHN (-रामाज्ञा प्रश्न):  This is the querying the will of Bhagwan Shri  Ram, in Awadhi related to both Ramayan and Jyotish (-astrology). It consists of seven Kands or books, each of which is divided into seven Saptaks or Septets of seven Dohas each. It contains 343 Dohas in all. The work narrates the Ramayan non-sequentially and gives a method to look up the Shakun (-omen or portent) for astrological predictions.
VAERAGY SANDIPANI (-वैराग्य संदीपनी, 1612): Its the kindling of detachment, with philosophical verses 60 in Braj which describe the state of Gyan (-realization, enlightenment) and Vaeragy (-dispassion, relinquishment), the nature and greatness of saints and moral conduct. It consists of 46 Dohas, 2 Sorthas and 12 Chaupai meters.
HANUMAN CHALISA (-हनुमान चालीसा):   It constitutes of forty verses devoted to Hanuman Ji, in Awadhi having 40 Chaupais and two Dohas in obeisance to Hanuman Ji. It is one of the most read short religious texts in northern India and is recited by millions of Hindus on Tuesdays and Saturdays, allover the world. It is believed to have been uttered by Tulsi Das Ji in a state of Samadhi at the Kumbh Mela in Haridwar.
SANKAT MOCHAN HANUMANASHTAK (-संकटमोचन हनुमानाष्टक): Eight verses devoted to Hanuman ji Maharaj-the Remover of Afflictions are in Awadhi in the Matt Gajendr meter; composed on the occasion of the founding of the Sankat Mochan Temple in Varanasi. 
HANUMAN BAHUK (-हनुमान बाहुक):  The Arm of Hanuman, is a composition in Braj Bhasha containing 44 verses composed at a time when he suffered from acute pain in his arms at an advanced age. Tulsi Das Ji  prayed to Hanuman Ji for relief from suffering. The work has two, one, five and 36 verses respectively in the Chhappaya, Jhulna, Savaiya and Ghanakshari meter.
TULSI SATSAI (-तुलसी सतसई) It has the collection of 747 dohas in both Awadhi and Braj and separated into seven Sargs or cantos. The verses are same as those in Dohavali and Ramagya Prashn but the order is different.
The philosophy and principles of Tulsidas are found across his works and are especially outlined in the dialogue between Kak Bhushundi and Garud Ji in the Uttar Kand of the Ram Charit Manas. Tulsi Das doctrine has been described as an assimilation and reconciliation of the diverse tenets and cultures of Sanatan Dharm. His compositions are in accordance with various scriptures: Purans, Veds, Upveds, Tantr and Smriti. 
Nirgun Brahm (-quality less, impersonal, absolute) and Sagun Brahm (-God with qualities, characteristics) are one and the same. It is the devotion (-Bhakti) of the devotee that forces the Nirgun Brahm which is quality less, formless, invisible and unborn, to become Sagun Brahm with qualities. Tulsi Das Ji gives the example of water, snow and hail to explain this: the substance is the same in all three, but the same formless water solidifies to become hail or a mountain of snow, both of which have a form. Tulsi Das Ji also gives the simile of a lake: The Nirgun Brahm is like the lake with just water, while the Sagun Brahm is a lake resplendent with blooming lotuses. Tulsi Das Ji describes in detail a debate between Kak Bhushundi and Rishi Lomesh Ji, whether God is Nirgun (-as argued by Lomesh adhering to monism) or Sagun (as argued by Kak Bhushundi adhering to dualism). Kak Bhushundi repeatedly refutes all the arguments of Lomesh Ji, to the point when Lomesh becomes angry and curses Kak Bhushundi. Lomesh repents later when Kak Bhushundi happily accepts the curse but refuses to give up the Bhakti of Ram, the Sagun Brahm. Tulsi Das Ji holds both aspects of God to be equal-two sides of the same coin. Still, he prefers the qualified Sagun aspect and the devotees of the highest category in the Ram Charit Manas repeatedly ask for the qualified Sagun aspect of Ram to dwell in their mind. 
There is a section in Ram Charit Manas, devoted to the veneration of the name of Shri Ram. Jap of Ram nam is the only means to attain God in the Kali Yug-present cosmic era where the means suited for other ages like meditation, Karm and Puja are ineffective.  Kavitavali explains that his own redemption is because of the power, glory and majesty of the name of Shri Ram. Gitavali explains that wishing for liberation without refuge in the name of Shri Ram is like wishing to ascend the sky by holding on to the falling rain.  Ram nam is greater than both Nirgun and Sagun aspects of God as it controls both of them and is illuminates both like a bilingual interpreter.  Dohavali justifies that the Nirgun Brahm resides in his heart and the Sagun Brahm resides in his eyes and the name of Shri Ram resides over his tongue, as if a radiant gemstone is kept between the lower and upper halves of a golden casket. Ram nam is easier to recite as compared to other names of God since r (-र)  and m (-म) being are the only two consonants that are written above all other consonants in the conjunct form in Sanskrat because they are the two sounds in the word Ram.
Ram Charit Manas describes the delusion of  Mata Sati. She observed  many many Shivs, Brahmas and Vishnus serving Ram and bowing at his feet. When Manu and Shatrupa perform penances, they crave to see that Almighty from a part of whom emanate a number of Shivs, Brahmas and Vishnus. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv come to them many times tempting them with a boon. But Manu and Shatrupa do not stop their penance. They are finally satisfied only by the appearance of Bhagwan Shri Ram, on whose left side is Maa Sita, from a part of whom are born countless Laxmis, Umas (-Parvatis) and Brahmanis (-Sarasvatis). During the marriage of Maa Sita and Bhagwan Shri Ram the trio of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv were present. Brahma Ji was astounded as he found nowhere & anything that was his own handiwork, while Vishnu is enchanted with Laxmi on seeing Shri Ram. Hanuman Ji told Ravan that Bhagwan Brahma, Bhagwan Shri Vishnu and Bhagwan Shiv could create, preserve and destroy through the might of Shri Ram, only, since the universe is the cosmic form of Shri Ram, in which Bhawan Shiv is the consciousness, Bhagwan Brahma is the reason and Bhagwan Shri Vishnu is his intelligence. Ram is not just an avatar, but Avtari,  the source of avatars. Krashn is also an Avatar of Ram & vice versa. Shri Ram as supreme Brahmn and not just an avatar of Bhagwan Shri Hari Vishnu.
Ram is the efficient and material cause (-Nimitt and Updan, निमित्त व उपदान) of the world, which is real since Shri Ram is real. In several verses of the Ram Charit Manas, Tulsidas says that both animate and inanimate world is a manifestation of Bhagwan Shri Ram and the universe is the cosmic form of Shri Ram.
The world in itself is neither true (-Saty), nor false (-Asaty), nor both true and false together (-Satyasaty).  One who casts aside all these three illusions, knows oneself. This has been interpreted to mean that the entire world is a Leela of Ram. At the beginning of the Ram Charit Manas, Tulsi Das Ji performs Samashti Vandna (-समष्टि वन्दना, obeisance to all beings, mother nature, Maa Bhagwati) in which he bows down to the world also, saying it is pervaded by or born out of  Mata Sita-Maa Bhagwati Radha Ji and Ram-the Almighty Bhagwan Shri Krashn residing in Gou Lok. 
Four brides of the Ayodhya are compared with the four states of consciousness: the waking state (जाग्रत, Jagrat), sleep with dreams (-स्वप्न, Swapn), dreamless sleep (-सुषुप्ति, Sushupti) and the fourth self conscious state (-तूर्य, Tury). The four grooms are compared with the presiding divinity (-Vibhu) of the four states: Vishw, Tej, Pragya and Brahmn. Tulsi Das Ji explains that the four states of consciousness with their presiding divinities reside in the mind of a Jeev, so the four brides with their grooms are resplendent in the same pavilion.
Tulsidas identifies Maya with Sita, the inseparable energy of Bhagwan Shri Ram which takes avatar along with Shri Ram. Maya constitutes of –Vidya and Avidya (-negativity, illusion, ignorance, evil). Vidya is the both the cause of creation and the liberation of Jeev. Avidya is the cause of illusion, ignorance and bondage of the Jeev. The entire world is under the control of Maya. 
There is no incompatibility between devotion to Bhagwan Ram and attachment to Bhagwan Shiv. Tulsidas Ji equates the Guru to be an incarnation of Bhagwan Shiv and a considerable part of the Bal Kand of Ram Charit Manas is devoted to the narrative of Bhagwan Shiv including the abandonment of Mata Sati, the penance of Parvati, the burning of Kam Dev and the marriage of Maa Parvati and Bhagwan Shiv. Tulsidas venerates the whole Hindu-Sanatan Dharm, pantheon. The Ram Charit Manas begins with reverence of Ganesh, Sarasvati, Parvati, Bhagwan Shiv-the Adi Guru, Valmiki and Hanuman Ji. At the beginning of the Vinay Patrika, he bows to Ganesh, Sury, Shiv, Devi, Ganga, Yamuna, Varanasi and Chitr Koot, asking them to bless him with the  devotion towards Bhagwan Shri Ram.
The Almighty has to be approached through faith-devotion (-Bhakti) and surrender-seeking asylum-shelter under him to him. One should be in perfect love for Him and all his actions-deeds should be purified of self-interest-motive in contemplation of Him. There should be love to all creatures. The soul is a fragment-part & partial of the Almighty. The soul is subjected-submitted in this life to the bondage of works (-Karm-deeds-endeavors-efforts-actions). One in his obstinacy, keep binding himself in the net-web of actions and though they know and hear of the bliss of those who have faith in the God, they do not attempt the only means of release. The bliss to which the soul attains, by the extinction of desire, in the supreme home, is not absorption in the Ultimate, but union with Him in abiding individuality. This is emancipation (-Mukti) from the burden of birth and rebirth-reincarnations and the highest-Ultimate happiness-bliss. The practical end of all his writings is to inculcate Bhakti addressed to Bhagwan Shri Ram as the great means of Salvation and Emancipation from the chain of births and deaths. Salvation is a means free and open to men of the lowest species & caste as to the Brahmns.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

RAJA JANAK विदेह राजा जनक

RAJA  JANAK विदेह राजा जनक 


मिथिला पुरी के राजा जनक को विदेह कहा जाता है। निर्लिप्त जनक एक विद्वान और धर्मपरायण राजा थे। उनके दरबार में धर्म संसद और गोष्ठियों का नियमित आयोजन होता था। वे एक सद्पुरुष, न्यायप्रिय, जीवों पर दया करने वाले और प्रजा पालक थे। अभ्यागत, साधु-संतों को भोजन खिलाकर स्वयं भोजन करते थे। एक दिन एक महात्मा ने राजा जनक से पूछा कि क्या उन्होंने किसी को अपना गुरु धारण किया है ? राजा का उत्तर नकारात्मक था। उन्होंने कहा कि उनके पास एक दिव्य शिव धनुष था, जिसकी वे नियम बद्ध पूजा किया करते थे।  महात्मा ने राजा जनक से कहा कि वे अविलम्ब किसी तेजस्वी विद्वान, महात्मा-ऋषि, तत्वज्ञानी  को अपना गुरु बनायें। जीवन में कल्याण और भक्ति की सफलता हेतु गुरु के मार्ग दर्शन की नितान्त आवश्यकता होती है।धार्मिक, सत्य वचन, दयावान, दानशील व्यक्ति को भी सन्मार्ग दिखने वाले की जरूरत होती है। राजा जनक को उनकी बात में तत्व नज़र आया।  गुरु धारण करने के लिए उन्होंने मन्त्रियों से सलाह-मशविरा किया।एक धर्म सभा का आयोजन किया गया और दूर-दूर तक विद्वान प्रकाण्ड पण्डितों  को निमन्त्रण भेजा गया।उस सभा में ऋषि, मुनि, पंडित, वेदाचार्य बुलाए गये।  सभी देशो से विद्वान और वेदाचार्य आए और ऋषि महात्मा पधारे। राजा जनक का गुरु होना एक महान सम्मान का विषय था। अतः सभी उस पद के लिये लालायित थे। पदेच्छा रखने वाले पूर्ण तैयारी के साथ पधारे।राजा जनक ने सबका स्वागत किया और प्रार्थना की वे एक गुरु धारण करना चाहते हैं; परन्तु इसके लिए कुछ शर्त भी हैं। वे उसी को अपना गुरु-सलाहकार-पथप्रदर्शक बनायेंगे जो उन्हें घोड़े पर चढ़ते समय रकाब के ऊपर पैर रखने पर काठी पर बैठने से पूर्व ही ज्ञान कराए! अतः आगन्तुक सब विद्वानों, वेदाचार्यों और ब्राह्मणों में से जिस किसी को भी स्वयं पर पूर्णत: विश्वास हो तो वह आगे आए और चन्दन की चौकी पर विराजमान हो कर उन्हें ज्ञान प्रदान करे। ऐसा न कर पाने पर प्रार्थी दण्ड का भागी होगा। अतः केवल योग्य, बुद्धि बल से संपन्न व्यक्ति ही आगे आये। यह प्रार्थना करके राजा जनक अपने आसान ग्रहण किया। सभी विद्वान और ब्राह्मण राजा जनक की अनोखी शर्त सुनकर एक दूसरे की तरफ देखने लगे। अपने-अपने मन में विचार करने लगे कि ऐसा कौन-सा तरीका है जो राजा जनक को इतने कम समय में ज्ञान करा सके। सब के दिलों-दिमाग में एक संग्राम शुरू हो गया। सारी सभा में सन्नाटा छा गया। राजा जनक का गुरु बनना, मान्यता और आदर हासिल करना बहुत ही कठिन कार्य था।  सब सोचते और देखते ही रह गये। चन्दन की चौकी की ओर कोई न बढ़ा। यह देखकर राजा जनक को बहुत निराशा हुई। वे विचार करने लगे कि क्या संसार विद्वान से रहित हो गया है !?  राजा ने खड़े हो कर सभा में उपस्थित हर एक विद्वान के चेहरे की ओर देखा। लेकिन किसी ने आँख नहीं मिलाई। उसी समय सभा में एक ब्राह्मण का प्रवेश हुआ जिनका शरीर टेढ़ा-मेढ़ा था। उनको देखते ही सारे सभासद, मेहमान और प्रार्थीगण हँसने लगे। यह देखकर ब्राह्मण ने कहा कि क्या वे विद्वानों की सभा में न आकर एक चर्म कारों की मंडी में आ गए हैं ?! राजा सहित हर किसी की हँसी पर लगाम लग गयी। वे अष्टावक्र जी थे; जिनका शरीर उनके पिता के श्रापवश वक्र हो गया था। उन्होंने माँ के गर्भ में ही अपने पिता को श्लोक का गलत उच्चारण करने पर आगाह किया था। उन्हें पद लालसा, लालच, लोभ कदापि नहीं था। सभा में निस्तब्धता छा गई। 
उन्होंने कहा कि भरी सभा में ऐसा कोई ज्ञानी नहीं, कोई राजा का गुरु बनने की योग्यता रखता हो। उन्होंने राजा को भी अज्ञानियों विज्ञ सभा में को आमन्त्रित करने के लिये फटकारा। उन्होंने प्रश्न किया कि ज्ञान का संबंध किस से है ? आत्मा, मस्तिष्क या शरीर से ? उन्होंने सुन्दर शरीर वाले, तिलक धारी, ऊँचे कुल और अच्छे वस्त्रों में सुशोभित विद्वानों को ललकारा। शरीर कर्माधीन, ईश्वर की रचित माया है। तन का अभिमान उचित नहीं है।ज्ञान का अभिमान भी अनुचित ही है।
राजा जनक ने आगे बढ़कर उनका स्वागत किया और उस घटना के लिए क्षमा प्रार्थना की। राजा ने हवा से बातें करने वाला घोड़ा मंगवाया।अष्टावक्र जी घोड़े का निरीक्षण किया। उन्होंने राजा से संकल्प कराया कि वे दक्षिणा में तन, मन या धन में से कोई एक देंगे। राजा ने स्वीकार तो किया, मगर सोच में पड़ गये कि  क्या दक्षिणा दें।उन्होंने रानी के सामने अपने समस्या रखी। रानी ने कहा कि यदि धन दान किया तो दुःख प्राप्त होगा, गरीबी आएगी, यदि तन दान किया तो कष्ट उठाना पड़ेगा, अच्छा यही है कि राजा मन को दक्षिणा में दे दें। मन को देने से कोई कष्ट नहीं होगा। उन्होंने सभा में पहुँचकर  हाथ जोड़ कर विनम्रता से अष्टावक्र को कहा कि गुरु दक्षिणा में मन अर्पण करते हैं। उनके मन पर अष्टावक्र जी का अधिकार उन्होंने स्वीकार किया। अष्टावक्र जी ने राजा से घोड़े पर चढ़ने की तैयारी करने को कहा। अष्टावक्र जी ने कहा कि यदि आपका मन मेरा है तो मेरा कहना अवश्य मानेगा। अष्टावकर की आज्ञा से सभा में बैठे सब हैरान हो गए कि यह कैसी दक्षिणा है! राजा घोड़े के ऊपर चढ़ने लगा, अभी रकाब में पैर रखा ही था कि अष्टावकर बोले कि हे राजन! मेरे मन की इच्छा नहीं है कि आप घोड़े के ऊपर चढ़ो। यह सुनकर राजा ने उसी समय रकाब से पैर उठा कर धरती पर रख लिए तथा अष्टावक्र जी की ओर देखने लगे। घोड़े के ऊपर चढ़ने की उसकी मन की इच्छा दूर हो गई। तभी अष्टावकर ने दूसरी बार कहा कि हे राजन! मेरा मन चाहता है कि आप लिबास उतार दें। राजा जनक उसी समय वस्त्र उतारने लगे तो उसको ज्ञान हुआ कि मन पर काबू पाना, मन के पीछे स्वयं न लगना ही सुखों का ज्ञान है। मन भटकता रहता है। राजा जनक ने उसी समय अष्टावक्र के चरणों में माथा झुका दिया और कहा कि वे उनके गुरु हुए। उसी समय खुशी से मंगलाचार होने लगे। यज्ञ शुरू हो गया। बड़े-बड़े ब्राह्मणों ने अष्टावकर की विद्वता को स्वीकार किया। अष्टावक्र जी और राजा जनक के संवाद को अष्टावक्र गीता के नाम से जाना जाता है। राजा का माया मोह, बंधन कट गए।  मोह-माया, लोभ, अहंकार तथा वासना, काम का आवेग भी उसके मन की इच्छा अनुसार हो गया। 

Thursday, March 26, 2015

HANUMAN JI MAHA RAJ::AN ARDENT DEVOTEE OF BHAGWAN SHRI RAM राम भक्त हनुमान

HANUMAN JI MAHA RAJ::AN ARDENT DEVOTEE OF BHAGWAN SHRI RAM
राम भक्त हनुमान 
अमलकमलवर्णं प्रज्ज्वलत्पावकाक्षं सरसिजनिभवक्त्रं सर्वदा सुप्रसन्नम्। 
पटुतरघनगात्रं कुण्डलालङ्कृताङ्गं रणजयकरवालं वानरेशं नमामि॥ 
यत्र यत्र रघुनाथकीर्तनं तत्र तत्र कृतमस्तकाञ्जलिम्। 
बाष्पवारिपरिपूर्णलोचनं मारुतिं नमत राक्षसान्तकम्॥
Yatr Yatr Raghunath Kirtnam Tatr Tatr Krat Mastakanjlim;
Basp Vari Paripoorn Lochnam Marutim Namat Rakshasant Kam. 
I, bow down to Hanuman Ji Maharaj, who is the slayer of demons and who is present with his head bowed and eyes full of flowing tears, wherever the glory-fame of Bhagwan Shri Ram is sung.
हनुमान जी महाराज चिरंजीवी, अजर, अमर हैं।  भगवान् श्री राम के वरदान से, जब तक पृथ्वी लोक में उनका नाम स्मरण किया जायेगा, तब तक हनुमान जी महाराज यहाँ भक्तों का भला करते रहेंगे। जहाँ-जहाँ राम कथा होगी वहाँ-वहाँ  हनुमान जी महाराज मौजूद रहेंगे। यदि भगवान् राम मर्यादा पुरुषोत्तम हैं तो हनुमान जी की भक्ति बेमिसाल-अद्वितीय है।
Anjana was an Apsara (-divine woman figure in heaven) who took birth on earth due to a curse. She was redeemed from this curse on her giving birth to a son. Kesri was the son of Dev Guru Vrahaspati. Kesri also fought on Ram's side in the war against Ravan. Anjana and Kesri performed intense prayers to Bhagwan Shiv to get a child. Pleased with their devotion, Bhagwan Shiv granted them the boon, they sought. Hanuman, is the incarnation or reflection of Bhagwan Shiv himself.
Vayu's role in Hanuman's birth: Hanuman is the son of the deity Vayu-Pawan Dev. When Anjana was worshiping Bhagwan Shiv, the King Dashrath of Ayodhya was also performing the ritual of Putrkam-Putryeshthi Yagy, with the help and expertise of Shrang Rishi, to have children. Agni Dev appeared with sacred pudding (-खीर) to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Ram, Laxman, Bharat, Shtrughan and a daughter. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding and dropped it, while flying over the forest, where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it. By Shiv's blessings, Vayu transferred his male energy-sperms preserved since Mohini Avtar, to Anjana's womb.
Narad got infatuated with a princess, went to Bhagwan Vishnu, to make him look like him-Hari mukh (-his face identical to him i.e., Hari-Vishnu हरी-विष्णु and mukh, मुख, face, Hari stands for Vanar as well). He wanted the princess to garland him at the Swayamvar (-स्वयंवर, husband-choosing-selection ceremony).  Vishnu instead bestowed him with the face of a Vanar. Unaware of this, Narad went to the princess, who burst into laughter at the sight of his ape like face before all the king's court. Narad, unable to bear the humiliation, cursed Bhagwan Vishnu, that he would one day be dependent upon the Vanars, unaware of the fact that it was a pre planned episode-design. Bhagwan Vishnu consoled and explained Narad Ji that what he had done was for his own sake-benefit, as he would have undermined his own powers had he entered matrimony. Upon hearing this, Narad repented for cursing his idol. Though the Almighty is not affected by any curse, yet he accepted it happily. Bhagwan Vishnu told him not repent as the curse would act as a boon, for it would lead to the birth of Hanuman, an avatar-incarnation of Bhagwan Shiv, without whose help Ram (-Vishnu's avatar) could not kill Ravan.
मोहिनी अवतार के समय भगवान् शिव का वीर्य स्खलित हो गया था, जिसे ऋषियों ने अग्निहोत्र के माध्यम से सुरक्षित रखा हुआ था। इसके दो जन्म पूर्व माता अञ्जनी ने भगवान शिव की आराधना कर एक अद्वितीय पुत्र प्राप्ति का वरदान पाया था। जो वीर्यपात पृथ्वी पर जहाँ-जहाँ हुआ, वहीँ पर सोने और चाँदी की खानें बन गईं। The sperms were preserved for the events, which were going to take place in future, for killing Ravan in Treta Yug, in which Shri Hanuman Ji Maharaj had a very crucial role. उस वीर्य को पवन देव ने माता अञ्जनी के गर्भ में स्थापित कर दिया। इस जन्म के पीछे नारद जी का भगवान् विष्णु का श्राप भी था, जिसमें नारद जी ने भगवान् विष्णु को रामावतार में वानरों की सहायता लेने के लिए कहा गया था। 
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भगवान् सूर्य के वर से सुवर्ण के बने हुए सुमेरु में वानर राज केसरी का राज्य था। पूर्व जन्म में एक साथ भगवान् शिव की आराधना करने से वर्तमान जन्म में वे दोनों पति-पत्नी हुए। संतान सुख से वंचित माता अंजना मतंग ऋषि के पास गईं। मंतग ऋषि ने पुत्र सुख की प्राप्ति हेतु उनसे पप्पा सरोवर के पूर्व में एक नरसिंहा आश्रम और दक्षिण दिशा में नारायण पर्वत पर स्वामी तीर्थ में जाकर उसमें स्नान करके, बारह वर्ष तक तप एवं उपवास करने के लिए कहा। अंजना ने मतंग ऋषि एवं अपने पति वानर राज केसरी की अनुमति से  तप किया वे बारह वर्ष तक केवल वायु का ही भक्षण करके तप करती रहीं।  पवन देव ने भगवान् शिव के वरदान की पूर्ति हेतु माता अंजना को शुचिस्नान के समय उनके कर्ण रन्ध्र में प्रवेश कर तपस्या के वक्त आश्वासन दिया कि उनके यहाँ सूर्य, अग्नि एवं सुवर्ण के समान तेजस्वी, वेद-वेदांगों का मर्मज्ञ, विश्वन्द्य महाबली पुत्र होगा। जिसके परिणामस्वरूप माता अंजना को पुत्र की प्राप्ति हुई। वायु के द्वारा उत्पन्न इस पुत्र को ऋषियों ने वायु पुत्र नाम दिया। 

Hanuman Ji and his mother Anjana, 
at the Anjani Mata temple, Chomu.
Hanuman was born on Anjney Hill, in Hampi, Karnatak. This is located near the Rishymuk mountain, near the lake called Pampa Sarovar, where Sugreev and Ram met. There is a temple that marks the spot. Kishkindha itself is identified with the modern Anegundi Taluk (-near Hampi) in Bellary district of Karnatak.
Anjan, a small village about 18 km away from Gumla, houses Anjan Dham, which is said to be the birthplace of Hanuman. The name of the village is derived from the name of Anjani, the mother of Hanuman. Anjani Gufa (-cave), 4 km from the village, is believed to be the place where Anjani once lived. 

The Anjaneri mountain, located 7 km from Trayambkeshwar-Jyotir Ling, in the Nasik district, is also claimed as the birthplace of Hanuman. 
listen-indian-story-and-hindi-story-in-hindi-hanuman-ji-ki-janam-kathaThere appears to be a conflict between the same event to have taken place at different places according to Purans. One must remember that these events happen in cyclic order like the beads of a rosary, coming back to the same place after counting up to 108. So, there is no contradiction as the same event occured with slightly different characters and the location.
Hanuman met Shri Ram in the dense forest of mountain hill near Khurd, Bhubneshwar. It is believed that the mountain was once the kingdom of Bali (-The Monkey King), where Bali defeated a Asur-Rakshas-demon in a cave, fighting for 15 days and 15 nights. 
दो प्रहर बाद सूर्योदय होते ही उन्हें भूख लगी। माता अञ्जनी फल लाने गई थीं। 
इधर लाल वर्ण के सूर्य को फल मानकर हनुमानजी उसको लेने के लिए आकाश में उछल गए। अमावस्या होने से सूर्य को ग्रसने के लिए राहु आया था, किंतु हनुमानजी को देखकर वह डर गया। तब सूर्य की रक्षा हेतु देवराज इन्द्र ने हनुमानजी पर वज्र-प्रहार किया, जिससे  उनकी ठोड़ी-हनु टेढ़ी हो गई और वे हनुमान कहलाए। राम भक्त, भगवान् शिव के अंशावतार हनुमान जी को पवन सुत, केसरी नंदन, वातात्मज, अञ्जनेय  आदि नामों से पुकारा जाता है।
Hanuman Ji looked at the Sun and thought it was a ripe mango and flew towards it to eat it. Hanuman Ji pursued it in order to eat it. Rahu-a demon who could drink a few drops of Amrat, (-planet corresponding to an eclipse), was at that time seeking out the Sun as well and he clashed with Hanuman. Hanuman thrashed Rahu and went to take Sun in his mouth. Rahu approached Indr, king of Devs-deities and complained that a monkey child stopped him from taking on Sun, preventing the scheduled eclipse. This enraged Indr, who responded by throwing the Vajr (-thunderbolt) at Hanuman, which struck his jaw. He fell back down on the earth and became unconscious. A permanent mark was left on his chin (-हनुः hanu-jaw), due to impact of Vajr, explaining his name. Upset over the attack, Hanuman's father figure Vayu Dev (-deity of air) went into seclusion, withdrawing air along with him. As living beings began to asphyxiate, Indr withdrew the effect of his thunderbolt. The Devs then revived Hanuman and blessed him with multiple boons to appease Vayu.
Brahma Ji gave Hanuman a boon that would protect him from the irrevocable Brahma's curse. Brahma also blessed that nobody will be able to kill him with any weapon in war. From Brahma he obtained the power of inducing fear in enemies, of destroying fear in friends, to be able to change his form at will and to be able to travel easily wherever he wished. From Bhagwan Shiv he obtained the boons of longevity, scriptural wisdom and ability to cross the ocean. Shiv assured safety of Hanuman with a band that would protect him for life. Indr blessed him that the Vajr (-weapon) will no longer be effective on him and his body would become stronger than Vajr. Varun blessed baby Hanuman with a boon that he would always be protected from water. Agni blessed him with immunity to burning by fire. Sury gave him two siddhis of Yog namely Laghima and Garima, to be able to attain the smallest or to attain the biggest form. Yam, the deity of Death blessed him healthy life and free from his weapon Yam dand, thus death would not come to him. Kuber showered his blessings declaring that Hanuman would always remain happy and contented. Vishwkarma blessed  that Hanuman would be protected from all his creations in the form of objects or weapons. Vayu also blessed him with more speed than he himself had. Kam Dev blessed him that the sex will not be effective on him. 
VARIOUS NAMES TITLES OF HANUMAN JI MAHA RAJ: Hanuman, Anjney and Bajrang Bali, Bal Brahm Chari, हनुमान. Indr-the king of the deities, struck Hanuman's jaw during his childhood with thunder volt-Vajr. So, he received his name from the Sanskrat words Hanu (-jaw) and maan (-pride, mant, prominent or disfigured). The name thus means: one with prominent or disfigured jaw. 
Manoj Vam (-मनोज वम):  As swift as mind.
Maarut Tuly Vegam (-मरुत तुल्य वेगम्):  One who possesses the speed equal to the wind-the deity of air (-appears in Ram Raksha Strotr).
Jitendriyam (-जितेन्द्रियं): One who has absolute control over senses, sensualities, sexuality, passions, preserver of chastity. 
Buddhimataamvarishtham (बुद्धिमतांवरिष्ठतम्): Senior most among intellectuals.
Vaataatmajam (-वातात्मजं):  One who is the son of Pawan Dev-deity of air.
Vanarayoothmukhyam (-वानरा यूथ मुख्यम्):  Chief of Vanar army. 
Vanaranamdheesham (-वानरानाम धीशम्): Chief of Vanar army. 
Shriramdootam (-श्री राम दूतम्): Messenger of Shri Ram. 
Atulit Bal Dhamam (-अतुलिट बल धामम्):  Repository of incomparable strength.
Hemshailabh Deham (-हेम शैलाभा देहम्): One whose body resembles a golden mountain.
Danujvan Krushanum (-दनुजवन्  कृष्णम): Destroyer of demon's forces.
Gyaninam Agrganyam (-ज्ञानिनाम् अग्रगणयम्): Foremost among enlightened.
Sakal Gun Nidhanam (-सकल गुण निधानम्):  Repository of all the virtues and good qualities.
Raghupati Priy Bhaktam (-रघुपति प्रिय भक्तम्):  Dearest of all devotees to Bhagwan Ram.
Sankat Mochan (-संकट मोचन): One who liberates (-Moksh, Salvation, Assimilation in the Almighty) from dangers.
इंद्र की इस धृतष्टा से रुष्ट होकर पवन देव ने संचार बंद कर दिया। तभी देवताओं की विनती पर ब्रह्मा जी समस्त देवगणों के साथ बाल  हनुमान के समक्ष प्रकट हुए और सभी ने अपने अपने आयुद्ध और अपने शक्तियाँ प्रदान कीं। ब्रह्मा जी  ने अमितायु का, इन्द्र ने वज्र से हत न होने का, सूर्य ने अपने शतांश तेज से युक्त और संपूर्ण शास्त्रों के विशेषज्ञ होने का, वरुण ने पाश और जल से अभय रहने का, यम ने यमदंड से अवध्य और पाश से नाश न होने का, कुबेर ने शत्रु मर्दिनी गदा से निःशंख रहने का, शंकर ने प्रमत्त और अजेय योद्धाओं से जय प्राप्त करने का और विश्वकर्मा ने मय के बनाए हुए सभी प्रकार के दुर्बोध्य और असह्य, अस्त्र, शस्त्र तथा यंत्रादि से कुछ भी क्षति न होने का वर दिया। 
On the advice of Dev Rishi Narad Hanuman Ji decided to seek learning from Bhagwan Sury Narayan. He requested Bhagwan Sury to accept him as a disciple-student. Sury refused and explained that he was always  moving in his chariot making it difficult to impart education. Undeterred, Hanuman Ji enlarged his form, adjusting his body into an orbit around the Sun with one leg on the eastern ranges-horizon and the other on the western ranges and pleaded again facing Sury. Pleased by his persistence, Sury agreed. Hanuman learnt all the 64 disciplines of knowledge. Hanuman Ji requested Sury to quote his guru-dakshina (-teacher's fee, remuneration), Sury Bhagwan politely refused, saying that the pleasure of teaching one as dedicated as him was the fee in itself. Hanuman Ji insisted, whereupon Sury asked him to help his spiritual son Sugriv. Hanuman's choice of Sury as his teacher is said to signify Sury as a Karm Sakshi, an eternal witness of all deeds. Hanuman Ji Maha Raj later became Sugreev's minister.
Hanuman was naughty in his early childhood. He used to tease the meditating sages in the forests by snatching their personal belongings and by disturbing their well-arranged articles of worship.  Ravan too was disturbed by Hanuman Ji while he was meditating along with Kumbh Karn and Vibhishan Ji. Ravan was afraid of Hanuman Ji un aware of the fact that he was an incarnation of Bhagwan Shiv, worshipped by him. Finding his antics unbearable, but realizing that Hanuman was but just a child, (-albeit invincible), the sages placed a mild curse on him which made him forget all his powers-strength-wisdom. They relaxed the curse by saying that he would regain his divine powers as soon as some one reminded him of his abilities. When the Vanar Sena reached ocean Jamvant the mighty son of Brahma Ji in the grab-form of a bear reminded Hanuman Ji of his abilities-supernatural powers-blessing from all deities and encouraged him to go and find Sita. 
माता सीता का हरण रावण के द्वारा किये जाने पर भगवान् राम वन-वन भटकते हुए ॠषिमुख पर्वत के समीप पहुँचे, जहाँ सुग्रीव अपने अनुयाईयों के साथ, अपने ज्येष्ठ भ्राता बाली से छिपकर रहते थे। सूर्य पुत्र किष्किन्धा नरेश वानर राज बाली ने इन्द्र के पुत्र और अपने छोटे भाई सुग्रीव को एक गम्भीर मिथ्याबोध के चलते अपने साम्राज्य से बाहर निकाल दिया था और वो किसी भी तरह से सुग्रीव के तर्क को सुनने के लिये तैयार नहीं था।उसने सुग्रीव की पत्नी को भी अपने पास रख लिया। तभी सुग्रीव ने माता सीता को खोजते हुए भगवान् श्री राम और लक्ष्मण जी को देखा और हनुमान जी को उनके विषय में जानकारी प्राप्त करने को भेजा, क्योकि वे बाली से छुप कर रह रहे थे और उन्हें डर था कि कहीं साधुवेश धारी भगवान् श्री राम और लक्ष्मण जी बाली के गुप्तचर न हों। भगवान् सूर्य के शिष्य हनुमान जी की सुग्रीव के साथ मित्रता थी। हनुमान जी देवताओं द्वारा प्रदत्त अपनी समस्त शक्तियों को श्राप वश भूल चुके थे। 
हनुमान् एक ब्राह्मण के वेश में अपने आराध्य भगवान्  श्री राम के सम्मुख गये। हनुमान के मुख़ से प्रारम्भिक संवाद को सुनकर  भगवान् श्री राम ने शेषनाग अवतार लक्ष्मण जी  से कहा कि कोई भी बिना वेद-पुराण को जाने ऐसा नहीं बोल सकता, ब्राह्मण वेष धारी हनुमान जी ने बोला। राम जी को उस ब्राह्मण के मुख, नेत्र, माथा, भौंह या अन्य किसी भी शारीरिक संरचना से कुछ भी मिथ्या प्रतीत नहीं हुआ। रामजी ने लछ्मण से कहा कि इस ब्राह्मण के मन्त्र मुग्ध उच्चारण को सुनके तो शत्रु भी अस्त्र त्याग देगा। उन्होंने ब्राह्मण की और प्रशंसा करते हुए कहा कि वो नरेश  निश्चित ही सफ़ल होगा जिसके पास ऐसा गुप्तचर होगा। श्री राम के मुख़ से इन सब बातों को सुनकर हनुमानजी ने अपना वास्तविक रूप धारण किया और श्री राम के चरणों में नत मस्तक हो गये। श्री राम ने उन्हें अपने ह्रदय से लगा लिया। भक्त और भगवान का हनुमान जी और प्रभु राम के रूप मे अटूट और अनश्वर मिलन हुआ। हनुमान जी ने श्रीराम और सुग्रीव की मित्रता करवाई।  श्री राम ने बाली को मारकर सुग्रीव को उनका सम्मान और गौरव वापस दिलाया।
During the course of 14 year exile, Bhagwan Shri Ram was staying in the jungle, where Ravan's sister Surpnakha's nose was chopped off by Laxman Ji. Enraged, she protested to her brother Ravan, who sent a number of demons to defeat Bhagwan Shri Ram and ultimately, he him self reached the spot in the grab of a bhikshu-beggar. Khar Dushan and Marich were killed. Ravan abducted Mata Sita and took her to Shri Lanka in the Pushpak Viman-aero plane, snatched from his elder brother Kuber. Bhagwan Ram and Laxman Ji started searching her in the forests, meeting Hanuman Ji at Rishymuk Parwat-mountains.
Sugreev, along with his followers and friends, was in hiding afraid of his older brother Bali. Having seen saffron clad Ram and Laxman, Sugreev sent Hanuman Ji to ascertain their identities. Hanuman Ji approached the two brothers in the guise of a Brahman. His first words to them were so elaborate and precise that Bhagwan Shri Ram was deeply impressed and he expressed his sentiment to Laxman Ji, by saying that none could speak the way the Brahman did, unless he had mastered the Ved. He visualized the defect less countenance, eyes, forehead, brows, limb and the stature of the Brahman. He was extremely pleased with Hanuman Ji and added that his accent was so captivating that even an enemy with sword drawn, would be moved. He showered praises over the disguised Hanuman, saying that sure success awaited the king, whose emissaries were as accomplished as he was. Bhagwan Shiv had taken Hanuman Ji Maha Raj to Ayodhya to acquaint him with the incarnation of the Almighty Bhagwan Vishnu as Ram, in the grab of a Madari-jugular and Hanuman Ji as his pet monkey. The meeting took place in solitude. Bhagwan Ram recognised Hanuman Ji Maha Raj at once but Hanuman Ji had forgotten every thing due to the curse of Rishis.
भगवान् राम ने सुग्रीव का किष्किन्धा के राज्य सिंहासन पर अभिषेक किया। चौमासा समाप्त होते ही वानर सेना ने दक्षिण की और प्रस्थान किया। माता की खोज में वानरों का एक दल दक्षिण समुद्र तट पर पहुँचा। इतने विशाल सागर को लाँघने की शक्ति और सामर्थ किसी में नहीं थी। ब्रह्मा जी के पुत्र जामवन्त ने हनुमान जी को उनकी अदभुत शक्तियों का स्मरण कराया। गृद्ध जटायु के बड़े भाई और ब्रह्मा जी पुत्र सम्पाति ने ऊँची उड़ान भरी और उन्होंने माता सीता को रावण की लँका में अशोक वाटिका में बैठा पाया। इसके सुचना उन्होंने तत्काल जाम्बन्त जी को दी। अपनी शक्तियों का स्मरण होते ही हनुमान ने अपना रूप विस्तार किया और पवन-वेग से सागर को उड़ कर पार करने लगे। रास्ते में उन्हें एक पर्वत मिला और उसने हनुमान से आग्रह किया  कि वे थोड़ा विश्राम कर लें। हनुमान जी ने किन्चित मात्र भी समय व्यर्थ ना करते हुए पर्वतराज को धन्यवाद किया और आगे बढ़ चले। आगे चलकर उन्हें माँ सुरसा मिलीं,  जिन्होंने हनुमान जी को कहा कि अगर आगे जाना है तो उन्हें माँ सुरसा के मुख में प्रवेश करना होगा। हनुमान ने उस  चुनौती को स्वीकार किया और बड़ी ही चतुराई से अति लघुरूप धारण करके सुरसा  के मुख में प्रवेश करके बाहर आ गये। माता सुरसा ने उन्हें आशीर्वाद दिया कि  उन्हें अपने कार्य में सफलता हासिल हो। हनुमान जी ने बुद्धिमता की परीक्षा में निपुणता सिद्ध कर दी थी। 
Bhagwan Shri Ram introduced himself and Laxman Ji, to the Brahman, who identified himself as Hanuman and prayed to Shri Ram by prostrating him self over the earth-ground. Bhagwan immediately embraced him warmly. Hanuman Ji accompanied Shri Ram to Sugreev leading to friendship and alliance between them. Bhagwan Shri Ram killed Bali and appointed Sugreev as the king of  Kishkindha establishing his honour. All the deities, Devs took incarnation as Vanars from their respective forms-fractions-quantum to assist Bhagwan Shri Ram.
Many teams of Vanars were formed and sent all over the earth. In the mean while Choumasa-rainy season चौमासा passed and Bhagwan Ram encountered Jatayu, Bhagwan Brahma's son, who fought a loosing battle with Ravan. Jatayu informed Bhagwan Ram that it was Ravan, who had abducted Mata Sita to Shri Lanka.  He was an ardent  devotee of Shri Ram. Jatayu's elder brother Sampati reached the spot and surveyed the periphery of the ocean informing them of the presence of Mata Sita in Lanka.
The Vanars headed for sea shore. Upon encountering the vast ocean, every Vanar began to lament his inability to jump across vast ocean. Hanuman Ji too  saddened at the possible failure of his mission, until the other Vanars and the wise bear Jamvant-Brahma's son, began to extol his virtues. Hanuman Ji immediately remembered everything and recollected all his powers. He enlarged his body and flew across the ocean. On his way, he encountered a mountain which raised from the sea, proclaiming that it owed his father a debt and asked him to rest for a while, before proceeding further. Hanuman Ji thanked the mountain, touched it and moved further. He encountered Maan Sursa, who challenged him to enter her mouth. Hanuman Ji outwitted her by assuming smallest size entered her mouth and came out swiftly, immediately. She praised Hanuman Ji of wisdom and blessed him with success in his mission.  He encountered Singhika, a Rakshasi-demoness and reached Lanka.
हनुमान सागर पार करके लंका पँहुचे और लंका की शोभा और सुन्दरता देखकर दंग रह गये। और उनके मन में इस बात का दुःख भी हुआ कि  रावण के कारण  भव्य  लंका का तहस-नहस हो जायेगी।गृद्धराज  सम्पाती के बताये गये स्थल पर उन्होंने अशोक-वाटिका में माता सीता को देखा। उन्होंने राम नाम का उच्चारण किया और माँ के समक्ष प्रस्तुत हुए और भगवान् राम के अनुचर के रूप में अपना परिचय दिया। उन्होंने माता को विश्वास दिलाने के लिये चूड़ामणि माँ को दी जो कि प्रस्थान के समय प्रभु राम ने उन्हीं सौंपी थी। उन्होंने माता सीता को सांत्वना दी और साथ ही वापस प्रभु श्रीराम के पास साथ चलने का आग्रह भी किया। मगर माता सीता ने ये कहकर अस्वीकार कर दिया कि ऐसा होने पर श्रीराम के पुरुषार्थ् को ठेस पँहुचेगी। हनुमान ने माता सीता को प्रभु श्री राम के सन्देश का ऐसे वर्णन किया जैसे कोई महान ज्ञानी लोगों को ईश्वर की महानता के बारे में बताता है।
Hanuman Ji traced Mata Sita in Ashok Batika-grove, as directed by Sampati-the vulture form of divine bird-Brahma Ji's son and showed her the ring-Chudamani sent by Bhagwan Ram to her to win the faith-confidence of Maa Sita. 

He revealed his identity to her, reassured her that Ram had been looking for her and uplifted her spirits. He offered to carry her back to Ram, but Maa refused his offer, saying it would be an insult to Ram as his honour was at stake, as it would be against his dignity. After meeting Maa Sita, Hanuman began to wreak havoc, gradually destroying the palaces and properties of Lanka. He killed many Rakshas, including Jambu Mali and Akshay Kumar-Ravan's son. To subdue him, Ravan's son Indr Jeet used the Brahmastr. Though immune to it, out of respect to Brahma Ji, Hanuman Ji allowed himself to be tied-bound, deciding to use the opportunity to meet Ravan and to assess the strength of Ravan's hordes, Hanuman allowed the Rakshas warriors to parade him through the streets. He conveyed Ram's message of warning and demanded the safe return of Sita. He also informed Ravan that Ram would be willing to forgive him if he returned Sita honorably.
Enraged, Ravan ordered Hanuman's execution, whereupon Ravan's brother Vibhishan-a stout devotee of Bhagwan Ram, intervened, pointing out that it would be against the rules of diplomacy-engagement to kill a messenger. Ravan then ordered Hanuman's tail be lit afire, since the Vanars had a lot of love for their tail. As Ravan's forces attempted to wrap cloth around his tail, Hanuman began to lengthen it. After frustrating them for a while, he allowed it to ignited and escaped from his captors. With his tail on fire he burnt down large parts of Lanka. After extinguishing his flaming tail in the sea, he returned to Ram.माता सीता से मिलने के पश्चात, हनुमान प्रतिशोध लेने के लिये लंका को तहस-नहस करने लगे। उनको बंदी बनाने के लिये रावण पुत्र मेघनाद (-इन्द्रजीत) ने ब्रह्मास्त्र का प्रयोग किया। ब्रह्मा जी का सम्मान करते हुए हनुमान ने स्वयं को ब्रह्मास्त्र  के बन्धन में बंधने दिया। उन्होंने विचार किया कि इस अवसर का लाभ उठाकर वो लंका के विख्यात रावण से मिल भी लेंगे और उसकी शक्ति का अनुमान भी लगा लेंगे। इन्हीं सब बातों को सोचकर हनुमान जी ने स्वयं को रावण के समक्ष बंदी बनकर उपस्थित होने दिया। जब उन्हें  रावण के समक्ष लाया गया तो उन्होंने रावण को प्रभु श्रीराम का चेतावनी भरा सन्देश सुनाया और साथ ही यह  भी कहा कि यदि रावण माता सीता को आदर-पूर्वक प्रभु श्रीराम को लौटा देगा तो प्रभु उसे क्षमा कर देंगे।
क्रोध मे आकर रावण ने हनुमान जी को मृत्यु दंड देने का आदेश दिया; मगर रावण के छोटे भाई विभीषण ने ये कहकर बीच-बचाव किया कि एक दूत को मारना आचार संहिता व कूट नीति के विरुद्ध है। रावण ने कहा कि वानर को अपनी पूँछ बहुत प्रिय होती है। अतः उसने हनुमान जी की पूँछ में आग लगाने का आदेश दे दिया। रावण के सैनिक जब हनुमान जी की  पूँछ में कपड़ा लपेट रहे थे तभी हनुमान जी ने अपनी पूँछ को बढ़ाना प्रारम्भ कर दिया और सैनिकों को कुछ समय तक परेशान करने के पश्चात पूँछ में आग लगाने का अवसर दे दिया। पूँछ  में आग लगते ही हनुमान ने बन्धन मुक्त होकर  लँका को जलाना शुरु कर दिया और अंत में  पूँछ में लगी आग को समुद्र में जाकर बुझाया और प्रभु श्री राम के पास लौटकर उन्होंने सारा वृतान्त सुनाया। 
Hanuman Ji utilized the powers granted to him by the deities to enlarge or shrink his body at will. He acquired shape and size much larger than the path of rotation of Sun to seek knowledge from him as a Guru. As a matter of fact, he possessed all these powers, since his birth, when he jumped into the sky to capture Sun considering to be a ripe mango fruit. He entered the mouth of Sursa and came out diminishing himself to the size of an insect. He turned his body microscopically small to enter Lanka before killing Lankini, the she-demon guarding the gates of Lanka. He contracted himself to the size of a cat, to search the palaces of Ravan. He took the size of a mountain to defeat the Mayavi-illusionary powers, effects of demons. He resented himself as a timid Vanar before Maa Sita in Ashok Vatika, though blazing with radiance. He achieved this shape-shifting by the powers of two siddhis: Anima and Garima bestowed upon him in his childhood by Sun-Sury Narayan.
When Laxman was severely wounded during the battle against Ravan, by Indr Jeet, Hanuman was sent to fetch the Sanjeevni booty, a powerful life-restoring herb, from Dron Giri-mountain in the Himalayas, to revive him. Ravan realised that if Laxman died, distraught Ram would probably give up and so he dispatched the sorcerer Kal Nemi to intercept Hanuman Ji. Kal Nemi, in the guise of a sage, deceived Hanuman Ji, but Hanuman uncovered his plot with the help of an Apsara, whom he rescued from her accursed state as a crocodile. [Kal Nemi took simultaneous births as Kans and thereafter as Emperor Aurangzeb.]
Ravan, upon learning that Kal Nemi had been slain by Hanuman, summoned Sury Bhagwan to rise before its appointed time because the physician Sushen had said that Laxman would perish if untreated by daybreak. Hanuman Ji realized the danger, however and, becoming many times his normal size, detained the Sun to prevent the break of day. He then resumed his search for the precious herb, but, when he found himself unable to identify-recognize which herb it was, he lifted the entire mountain. 
As he was crossing over Ayodhya, Bharat, Ram's young brother, saw him and assumed that some Rakshas was taking that mountain to attack Ayodhya. Bharat shot Hanuman with an arrow, which was engraved with Ram's name. Hanuman Ji did not stop this arrow as it had Ram's name written on it and it injured his leg. Hanuman  Ji landed and explained to Bharat that he was moving the mountain to save his own brother, Laxman. Bharat, felt very sorry and offered to fire an arrow to Lanka, which Hanuman could ride in order to reach his destination more easily. But Hanuman declined the offer, preferring to fly on his own and he continued his journey with his injured leg. Hanuman Ji was nick named Langda Veer (-लँगड़ा योद्धा); Langda in Hindi means limping and Veer means brave. 
Hanuman released Sury from his grip and asked for forgiveness, as Sun Bhagwan was his Guru. He reached Lanka before day break and delivered the mountain to Sushen in the battlefield. Sushen identified and administered the herb and Laxman was saved-revived. Ram embraced Hanuman, declaring him as dear to him as his own brother. 
Ravan perceived his defeat and ordered his brother Ahiravan to abduct Ram and Laxman from the battle field to Patal. Ram and Laxman were captured by Ahiravan, who held them captive in their palace in Patal-the netherworld. Ahiravan kept them as offerings to his deity. Searching for them, Hanuman reached Patal, the gates of which are guarded by a young creature called Makar Dhwaj, who was partially a reptile and partially a Vanar.
When Hanuman Ji extinguished his burning tail in the ocean, a drop of his sweat fell into the waters swallowed by a fish who gave birth to Makar Dhwaj.  Makar Dhwaj, perceived Hanuman Ji Maharaj as his father. When Hanuman Ji introduced himself to Makar Dhwaj, the latter asked his blessings.
Upon entering Patal, Hanuman Ji discovered that to kill Ahiravan, he must simultaneously extinguish five lamps burning in different directions. Hanuman assumed the Panch Mukh or five-faced form of Shri Varah facing north, Shri Narasimha facing south, Shri Garud facing west, Shri Haygreev facing the sky and his own facing the east and blew off the lamps. Hanuman Ji then rescued Ram and Laxman. Bhagwan Ram crowned Makar Dhwaj to the throne of Patal. Hanuman then instructed Makar Dhwaj to rule Patal with justice and wisdom.
लँका युद्ध में जब लक्ष्मण जी मूर्छित हो गये तो, वैद्य सुषेण ने संजीवनी बूटी लाने को कहा। हनुमान जी संजीवनी बूटी को पहचान नहीं पाये अतः पूरा द्रोणागिरी पर्वत ही रण-भूमि में उठा लाये जिससे लक्ष्मण जीके प्राणों की रक्षा हो सकी। भावुक होकर श्रीराम ने हनुमान को ह्रदय से लगा लिया और बोले कि हनुमान तुम मुझे भ्राता भरत की भांति ही प्रिय हो।
अहिरावण तंत्र का ज्ञाता और मायावी था। उसने राम और लछमण का सोते समय हरण कर लिया और उन्हें पाताल-लोक में ले गया। उनकी खोज में हनुमान भी पाताल लोक पहुँच गये। मुख्यद्वार पर उन्हें मकरध्वज पहरा देता मिला उसका आधा शरीर मछली का और आधा शरीर वानर का था। लँका  दहन के पश्चात जब हनुमान पूँछ में लगी आग को बुझाने समुद्र में गये तो उनके पसीने की बूँद समुद्र में गिर गई। उस बूँद को एक मछली ने निगल लिया और वो गर्भवती हो गई। जब उस मछली को पकड़कर अहिरावण की रसोई में लाया तो उसके पेट में से जीवित बचे उस विचित्र प्राणी को निकाला गया। अहिरावण ने उसे पाल-पोस कर बड़ा किया और उसे पातालपुरी के द्वार का रक्षक बना दिया।हनुमान इन सभी बातों से अनिभिज्ञ थे। यद्यपि मकरध्वज को पता था कि हनुमान उसके पिता हैं फिर भी वो उन्हें पहचान नहीं पाया क्योंकि उसने पहले कभी उन्हें देखा नहीं था।
जब हनुमान ने अपना परिचय दिया तो वो जान गया कि ये मेरे पिता हैं मगर फिर भी उसने हनुमान के साथ युद्ध करने का निश्चय किया क्योंकि पातालपुरि के द्वार की रक्षा करना उसका प्रथम कर्तव्य था। हनुमान जी ने बड़ी आसानी से उसे अपने आधीन कर लिया और पातालपुरी के मुख्यद्वार पर बाँध दिया।
पातालपुरी में प्रवेश करने के पश्चात हनुमान ने पता लगा लिया कि अहिरावण का वध करने के लिये उन्हे पाँच दीपकों को एक साथ बुझाना पड़ेगा। अतः उन्होंने पन्चमुखी रूप  (-श्री वराह, श्री नरसिम्हा, श्री गरुण, श्री हयग्रिव और स्वयं) ग्रहण किया किया और एक साथ में पाँचों दीपकों को बुझाकर अहिरावण का अन्त कर किया। अहिरावण का वध होने के पश्चात हनुमान ने प्रभु श्रीराम के आदेशानुसार मकरध्वज को पातालपुऱी 

का नरेश बना दिया।
A terracotta sculpture of Panchamukha Sri HanumanPANCH MUKH HANUMAN: Hanuman Ji assumed Panch Mukhi or five-faced form to kill Ahiravan-a powerful Rakshas black-magician and practitioner of the dark arts during the battle-war in Shri Lanka. Ahiravan, brother of Ravan, had taken Bhagwan Ram and Laxman Ji to netherworld-Patal, as captive and the only way to kill him was to extinguish five lamps burning in different directions, all at the same instant. Hanuman Ji assumed His Panch Mukh form and accomplished the task, thus killing the Rakshas and freeing Ram and Laxman.
Hanuman's original face in the  East:  Removes all blemishes of sin and confers purity of mind.
Narasimha South: Removes fear of enemies and confers victory. Narasimha is the Lion-Man avatar of Bhagwan Vishnu, who took the form to protect his devotee Prahlad from his evil father, Hirany Kashipu. 
Garud West:  Drives away evil spells, black magic influences, negative spirits and removes all poisonous effects in one's body. Garud is Bhagwan Vishnu's vehicle, as the King of birds; he knows the secrets of death and the beyond. 
Varah North:  Wards off the troubles caused by bad influences of the planets and confers all eight types prosperity (-Asht Aeshwary-Siddhi). Varah was Bhagwan Vishnu avatar, to rescue earth. Hanuman Ji took this form to dug up mountain having Sanjeevni booty.
Hay Greev Upwards-Urddh Mukh: Confers knowledge, victory, good wife and progeny. These faces show that there is nothing in the world which does not come under the influence of any of the five faces, symbolic of his all around security to all devotees. This also signifies vigilance and control over the five directions: North, South, East, West and the upward direction-The Zenith.
Face
 Direction
                                        Significance
 Shri 
Hanuman
(Original)
 East
This face removes all blemishes of sin and confers purity of mind.
 Narasimha
 South
Removes fear of enemies and confers victory. Narasimha is the Lion-Man avatar of Bhagwan Vishnu, who took the form to protect his devotee Prahlad from his evil father, Hirany Kashipu. Shri Hanuman may have had this face during the burning of Lanka and fighting in the war.
 Garud
 West
 Drives away evil spells, black magic influences, negative spirits and removes all poisonous effects in one's body. Garud is Bhagwan Vishnu's vehicle, as the King of birds he knows the secrets of death and the beyond. The Garud 
Purana is a Hindu text based on this knowledge.
 Varah
 North
Wards off the troubles caused by bad influences of the planets and confers all eight types prosperity (Asht Aeshwary). Varah is another Bhagwan Vishnu avatar, he took this form and dug up land, Shri Hanuman may have had this face whilst collecting the Sanjeevni mountain. 
 Haygreev
 Upwards
(Urddh Mukh) face confers knowledge, victory, good wife and progeny. 
Bhagwan Ram decided to come back to Ayodhya since the period of 14 years of exile was about to over. Had he been late Bharat Ji would have immolated him self. He returned in the Pushpak Viman along with all warriors, associates and was handed over the reins of empire by Bharat Ji who was anxiously waiting for him to return. Ram Chandr Ji ceremoniously rewarded all his well-wishers, in a grand ceremony in his court. All his friends and allies took turns being honored at the throne. Hanuman Ji approached without desiring a reward. Seeing Hanuman Ji come up to him, an emotionally overwhelmed Shri Ram embraced him warmly, declaring that he could never adequately honor or repay Hanuman for the help and services he received from the noble Vanar. Maa Sita, however, insisted that Hanuman deserved honor more than anyone else and she gave him a necklace of precious stones adorning her neck.
Ram Sita in Hanuman's heart.

Hanuman Ji immediately took it apart and peered into each pearl-stone. Taken aback, many of those present demanded to know why he was destroying the precious gift. Hanuman Ji answered that he was looking into the jams to make sure whether Bhagwan Ram and Maa Sita were present in them. If they were not, the necklace was of no value to him. Some one commented that Hanuman's, reverence and love for Ram and Sita could not possibly be as deep as he implied. Hanuman Ji immediately tore his chest open and everyone was stunned to see Ram and Sita literally present in his heart.
युद्ध समाप्त होने के साथ ही भगवान् श्री राम का चौद्ह वर्ष का वनवास भी समाप्त हो चला था। उन्हें ज्ञात था कि यदि वो वनवास समाप्त होने के साथ ही वे अयोध्या नहीं पँहुचे तो भरत अपने प्राण त्याग देंगे। साथ ही उनको इस बात का भी आभास हुआ कि उन्हें वहाँ वापस जाने में अंतिम दिन से थोड़ा विलम्ब हो जायेगा। हनुमान जी ने अयोध्या जाकर प्रभु श्री राम के आने की जानकारी दी। 
अयोध्या में राज्याभिषेक होने के बाद प्रभु श्रीराम ने उन सभी को सम्मानित करने का निर्णय लिया, जिन्होंने लँका युद्ध में रावण को पराजित करने में उनकी सहायता की थी। उनकी सभा में एक भव्य समारोह का आयोजन किया गया जिसमें पूरी वानर सेना को उपहार देकर सम्मानित किया गया। हनुमान को भी उपहार लेने के लिये बुलाया गया, हनुमान मंच पर गये मगर उन्हें उपहार की कोई जिज्ञासा नहीं थी। हनुमान को ऊपर आता देखकर भावना से अभिप्लुत श्रीराम ने उन्हें गले लगा लिया और कहा कि हनुमान ने अपनी निश्छल सेवा और पराक्रम से जो योगदान दिया है, उसके बदले में ऐसा कोई उपहार नहीं है जो उनको दिया जा सके। मगर अनुराग स्वरूप माता सीता ने अपना एक मोतियों का हार उन्हें भेंट किया। उपहार लेने के उपरांत हनुमान माला के एक-एक मोती को तोड़कर देखने लगे।  यह देखकर सभा में उपस्थित सदस्यों ने उनसे इसका कारण पूछा तो हनुमान ने कहा कि वो ये देख रहे हैं मोतियों के अन्दर उनके प्रभु श्री राम और माता सीता हैं कि नहीं, क्योंकि यदि वो इनमें नहीं हैं, तो इस हार का उनके लिये कोई मूल्य नहीं है। यह सुनकर कुछ लोगों ने कहा कि हनुमान के मन में प्रभु श्री  राम और माता सीता के लिये उतना प्रेम नहीं है जितना कि उन्हें लगता है। इतना सुनते ही हनुमान ने अपनी छाती चीर के लोगों को दिखाई और सभी ये देखकर स्तब्द्ध रह गये कि वास्त्व में उनके ह्रदय में प्रभु श्री राम और माता सीता की छवि विद्यमान थी।
PRAYERS: The five faces of Hanuman Ji Maharaj depict five forms of prayers: Naman, Smaran, Keertan, Yachna and Arpan. He surrendered-sought asylum-refuse (-Arpan, Samarpan) in his Master Shri Ram. He also begged (-Yachna) Shri Ram to bless him the undivided love.
WEAPONS: The weapons are a Parshu, a Khanda, a Chakr, a Dhal, a Gada-mace, a Trishul, a Kumbh, a Katar, a plate filled with blood and again a big Gada.
41 meters high Hanuman
 monument at Yerravaram, 
Andhra Pradesh
HANUMAN DHARA TEMPLE: Chitr Koot in Madhy Pradesh is claimed to be the resting place of Shri Hanuman. The Hanuman Dhara Temple is situated on the peak of mountain, where there is natural rock formation image of Shri Hanuman inside the cave and a natural stream of water falling on the tail. It is believed that after the coronation of Bhagwan Shri Ram, Hanuman Ji requested for a permanent place to settle in his Kingdom, where the injury of burns on his tails could be cured. Bhagwan Shri Ram, spurred a stream of water with his arrow through the tip of mountain and asked Sri Hanuman Ji to rest there with water of the stream falling on his tail to cool down burning sensation in his tail. The access to the cave temple is through stairs starting from bottom of the mountain to its top. It takes roughly 30 to 40 minutes to reach the temple.
Hanuman temple, Nurawa Eliya,Shri Lanka
Panch Mukh Anjney Swami was the main deity of Shri Ragh Vendr Swami. The place where he meditated on this five-faced form of Shri Hanuman is now known as Panch Mukhi, wherein a temple for him has been built. There is also a shrine for Panch Mukh Anjney Swami at Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, India. A 40 feet (12 m) tall monolithic green granite murti-statue of Shri Panch Mukh Hanuman has been installed in Thiruvallur, in Tamil Nadu. This place was known as Rudr Vanam in ancient times when many saints and seers had blessed this place with their presence. 
Hanuman Ji Maharaj is free from the clutches of Shani Dev. Hanuman Ji liberated Shani Dev from the prison of Ravan where he was hanged with his head down wards. Shani Dev blessed Hanuman Ji that who so ever worshiped him would be relieved-rescued, from the bad-ill-painful-malefic effects of Saturn afflicted negatively. 
Shani Dev once climbed on to shoulder of Hanuman Ji, implying that he was coming under the effects of the influence of Shani. Hanuman assumed a large size, and Shani was caught painfully between Hanuman's shoulders and the ceiling of the room they were in. As the pain was unbearable, Shani requested Hanuman to release him, promising that Shani would moderate the malefic effects of his influence on a person praying to Hanuman. Hanuman released Shani thereafter. Hanuman Sahastranam Strotr mentions Shani is one of the names of Hanuman. Hanuman is seen sporting an iron whip akin to Shani. 
शनि की दशा एक बार शुरू हो जाए तो साढ़े सात साल बाद ही पीछा छोड़ती है। लेकिन हनुमान भक्तों को शनि से डरने की तनिक भी जरूरत नहीं। शनि ने हनुमान को भी डराना चाहा लेकिन मुंह की खानी पड़ी। 
जब हनुमान से हारे शनि Collection of indian stories for kid to read and listen as mp3. Short stories in Hindi with youtube videos. Hindi story in Hindi with Spiritual & Religious teachings.
संध्या समय हनुमान जी महाराज अपने आराध्य श्री राम का स्मरण करने लगा तो उसी समय ग्रहों में पाप ग्रह, मंद गति सूर्य पुत्र शनि देव पधारे। वह अत्यंत कृष्ण वर्ण के भीषणाकार थे। वह अपना सिर प्रायः झुकाये रखते हैं। जिस पर अपनी दृष्टि डालते हैं, वह अवश्य नष्ट हो जाता है। यद्यपि हनुमान ने उन्हें लंका में दशग्रीव के बंधन से मुक्त किया था, तथापि  वे हनुमान जी से विनयपूर्वक किंतु कर्कश स्वर में बोले कि हे हनुमान जी ! मैं आपको सावधान करने आया हूं। त्रेता की बात दूसरी थी, अब कलियुग प्रारंभ हो गया है। भगवान वासुदेव ने जिस क्षण अपनी अवतार लीला का समापन किया, उसी क्षण से पृथ्वी पर कलि का प्रभुत्व हो गया। यह कलियुग है। इस युग में आपका शरीर दुर्बल और मेरा बहुत बलिष्ठ हो गया है।अब आप पर मेरी साढे साती की दशा प्रभावी हो गई है। मैं आपके शरीर पर आ रहा हूँ।
शनिदेव को इस बात का तनिक भी ज्ञान नहीं था कि रघुनाथ के चरणाश्रितों पर काल का प्रभाव नहीं होता।  करुणा निधान जिनके हृदय में एक क्षण को भी आ जाते हैं, काल की कला वहां सर्वथा निष्प्रभावी  हो जाती है। प्रारब्ध के विधान वहाँ प्रभुत्व हीन हो जाते हैं। सर्व समर्थ पर ब्रह्म के सेवकों का नियंत्रण-संचालन-पोषण प्रभु ही करते हैं। उनके सेवकों की ओर दृष्टि उठाने का साहस कोई सुर-असुर करे तो स्वयं अनिष्ट भाजन होता है। शनिदेव के अग्रज यमराज भी प्रभु के भक्त की ओर देखने का साहस नहीं कर पाते।
हनुमान जी ने शनिदेव को समझाने का प्रयत्न किया, आप कहीं अन्यत्र जाएँ। ग्रहों का प्रभाव पृथ्वी के मरणशील प्राणियों पर ही पड़ता है। मुझे अपने आराध्य का स्मरण करने दें। मेरे शरीर में श्री रघुनाथजी के अतिरिक्त दूसरे किसी को स्थान नहीं मिल सकता।
लेकिन शनिदेव को इससे संतोष नहीं मिला। वह बोले, मैं सृष्टिकर्ता के विधान से विवश हूँ। आप पृथ्वी पर रहते हैं। अतः आप मेरे प्रभुत्व क्षेत्र से बाहर नहीं हैं। पूरे साढे बाईस वर्ष व्यतीत होने पर साढ़े सात वर्ष के अन्तर से ढाई वर्ष के लिए मेरा प्रभाव प्राणी पर पड़ता है। किन्तु यह गौण प्रभाव है। आप पर मेरी साढ़े साती आज इसी समय से प्रभावी हो रही हो। मैं आपके शरीर पर आ रहा हूं। इसे आप टाल नहीं सकते। हनुमान जी ने उन्हें बहुत समझाया किन्तु शनि देव नहीं माने। 
शनिदेव हनुमान जी के मस्तक पर आ बैठे तो उनके सिर पर खुजली हुई। इसे मिटाने के लिए हनुमान जी ने उन्हें अपने सर और अन्य ग्रहों के बीच दबाना शुरू कर दिया। शनि देव घबरा गये और माँफी मांगने लगे।पवनकुमार! त्राहि माम ताहि माम! रामदूत !आंजनेयाय नमः! मैं उसको भी पीड़ित नहीं करूँगा जो आपका स्मरण करेगा। मुझे उतर जाने का अवसर दें।
NEGATIVE ENERGY: Hanuman is worshiped to get rid or win over demons (-daety, danav), other divine creations like: Yaksh, Kinnar, Gandhar, Nag-Nagin, evil spirits (-Bhut, Pret, Pishach, Chudael, Betal, Brahm Rakshas, spirits, Dracula, ) and other powerful negative energies: Dakini, Shakini, Kakini, Kamini. 
After the victory of Bhagwan Ram over Ravan, Hanuman Ji went to the Himalay, where he scripted a version of the Ramayan on the Himalayan mountains using his nails, recording every detail of Bhagwan Ram's deeds. Maharishi Valmiki visited him to show him his own version of the Ramayan. He found that Hanuman's version was much more superior and authentic than his version. Valmiki got disappointed. Hanuman enquired Valmiki's the cause of sorrow. Mahrishi said that the version, which he had created so laboriously, was no match for the splendor of Hanuman's and would therefore be ignored. Hanuman Ji discarded his own version, which is called the Hanumad Ramayan. Maharishi Valmiki was so taken aback that he said he would take another birth to sing the glory of Hanuman Ji Maharaj which he had understated in his version.
One tablet from the Hanumad Ramayan floated ashore during the period of Maha Kavi Kali Das, the poet in the court of Raja Veer Vikramadity. It was hung at a public place to be deciphered by scholars. Kali Das deciphered it and recognised that it was from the Hanumad Ramayan recorded by Shri Hanuman in an extinct script and considered himself to be very fortunate to see, at least one Pad-stanza of the text.
After reigning for 10,000 years, the time arrived for Shri Ram to depart to his supreme abode Vaekunth. Many of Ram's entourage, including Sugriv, decided to depart with him. Hanuman Ji, however, requested Ram that he will remain on earth as long as Ram's name was venerated by people. Maa Sita accorded Hanuman that desire and granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so that he could listen to people chanting Ram's name. He is one of the immortals (-Chiranjivi).
प्रभु श्रीराम की रावण के ऊपर विजय प्राप्त करने के पश्चात ईश्वर की आराधना के लिये हनुमान जी हिमालय पर चले गये थे। वहाँ जाकर उन्होंने पर्वत शिलाओं पर अपने नाखून से रामायण की रचना की जिसमें उन्होनें प्रभु श्री राम के कर्मों का उल्लेख किया था। कुछ समयो परांत जब महर्षि वाल्मिकी हनुमानजी को अपने द्वारा रची गई रामायण दिखाने पहुँचे तो उन्होंने हनुमानजी द्वारा रचित रामायण भी देखी। उसे देखकर वाल्मिकी थोड़े निराश हो गये तो हनुमान ने उनसे उनकी निराशा का कारण पूछा तो महर्षि बोले कि उन्होने कठोर परिश्रम के पश्चात जो रामायण रची है वो हनुमान की रचना के समक्ष कुछ भी नहीं है अतः आने वाले समय में उनकी रचना उपेक्षित रह जायेगी। ये सुनकर हनुमान ने रामायण रचित पर्वत शिला को एक कन्धे पर उठाया और दूसरे कन्धे पर महर्षि वाल्मिकी को बिठा कर समुद्र के पास गये और स्वयं द्वारा की गई रचना को राम को समर्पित करते हुए समुद्र में समा दिया। तभी से हनुमान द्वारा रची गई हनुमद रामायण उपलब्ध नहीं है।तदुपरांत महर्षि वाल्मिकी ने कहा कि तुम धन्य हो हनुमान, तुम्हारे जैसा कोई दूसरा नहीं है और साथ ही उन्होंने ये भी कहा कि वो हनुमान की महिमा का गुणगान करने के लिये एक जन्म और लेंगे। इस बात को उन्होने अपनी रचना के अंत मे कहा भी है।

राजा वीर विक्रमादित्य के काल में एक पटलिका हिमालय से किसी प्रकार उनके राज्य में पहुँच गई तो उसको कोई पढ़ नहीं पाया। महाकवि कालीदास ने उस हनुमद रामायण की पटलिका को  पढ़ा तो स्वयं को धन्य पाया क्योकि वो उन पटलिकाओं में से एक थी जिनको स्वयं हनुमान जी ने महऋषि वाल्मिकी  की सन्तुष्टि हेतु स्वयं ही नष्ट कर दिया था। 
Hanuman is the elder brother of Bheem, being son of Pawan-Vayu Dev. During the Pandavs' exile, he appeared disguised as a weak and aged monkey to Bhim in order to subdue his arrogance. Bheem entered a banana groove in search of divine lotus flowers thrown in the river to attract Bheem, where Hanuman Ji was lying with his tail blocking the way. Bheem, unaware of his identity, told him to move it out of the way. Hanuman Ji incognito, refused. Bheem tried to move the tail himself but he failed despite his great strength. Realizing that he was not an ordinary monkey, he inquired as to Hanuman's identity, which was revealed. Bheem's request mobilized Hanuman Ji to demonstrate his huge proportions, he had assumed in his crossing of the sea; as he journeyed to Lanka and also said that when the war came, he would be there to protect the Pandavs. This place is located at Sariska National Park in the Alwar District of the State of Rajasthan and named as Pandu Pole (-Temple of Hanuman Ji). Pandu Pole is very famous tourist spot of Alwar.
During Maha Bharat, Arjun entered the battlefield with a flag displaying Hanuman Ji-Kapi Pataka on his chariot. The incident that led to this was an earlier encounter between Hanuman Ji and Arjun, wherein Hanuman Ji appeared as a small talking monkey before Arjun at Rameshwaram, where Ram had built the great bridge to cross over to Lanka to rescue Mata Sita. Upon Arjun's wondering aloud at Ram's taking the help of monkeys rather than building a bridge of arrows, Hanuman Ji challenged him to build a bridge capable of bearing him alone; Arjun, unaware of the Vanar's virtues and true identity, accepted. Hanuman Ji then proceeded to repeatedly destroy the bridges made by Arjun, who decided to take his own life. Bhagwan Shri Krashn smiled and placed his divine discus-Sudarshan Chakr beneath the bridge and this time Hanuman could no longer break it. Bhagwan Vishnu appeared before them both, after originally coming in the form of a tortoise, chiding Arjun for his vanity and Hanuman for making Arjun feel incompetent. As an act of penitence, Hanuman decided to help Arjun by stabilizing and strengthen his chariot during the imminent great battle-Maha Bharat. Arjun had to face Bhishm Pitamah who had maintained his chastity through out his life. So, it became essential to ward off the power of Bhishm Pitamah by countering him with Hanuman Ji Maharaj, After, the battle of Kurukshetr was over, Bhagwan Shri Krashn asked Arjun, to step down the chariot before him. As soon as Arjun got down, Shri Krashn followed him and thanked Hanuman Ji for staying with them during the whole fight in the form of a flag on the chariot. Hanuman Ji came in his original form, bowed to Shri Krashn and left the flag, flying away into the sky. As soon as he left the flag, the chariot began to burn and turned into ashes. Arjun was shocked to see this. Bhagwan Shri  Krashn told Arjun, that the only reason that his chariot was still standing was because of the presence of Himself and Hanuman, otherwise, it would have burnt many days ago due to effects of celestial weapons thrown at it, in the war.
Hanuman is one of the four people to have heard the Bhagwad Gita from Krashn and seen his Vishw Roop (-universal) form, the other three being Arjun, Sanjay and Barbreek-son of Ghatotkach and grand son of Bheem.
JAKHU TEMPLE SHIMLA: Hanuman Ji encountered a meditating sage on Jakhu hills on his way to Himalay, which was the legendary abode of Yaksh, Kinners Nag and Asur. As he paused to inquire about the Sanjeevni herb, his sudden landing flattened-compressed the earth and changed the shape of the hill to its present state. A 108-foot (33-meter) statue of Hanuman Ji has been erected at the top of the 8,500-foot (2,591-meter) tall Jakhu Hill, the highest point in Shimla.