Wednesday, August 19, 2015

SHRI MAD BHAGWAD GEETA CHAPTER (V) श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता अध्याय कर्म-संन्यास योग YOG DESCRIBING RENUNCIATION FROM DEEDS


SHRI MAD BHAGWAD GEETA  CHAPTER (V) श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता 
पंचम अध्याय कर्म-संन्यास योग
YOG DESCRIBING RENUNCIATION FROM DEEDS 
अर्जुन उवाच :- संन्यासं कर्मणां कृष्ण पुनर्योगं च शंससि। यच्छ्रेय एतयोरेकं तन्मे ब्रूहि सुनिश्चितम्॥5-1॥ अर्जुन  कहा :- हे कृष्ण! पहले आप कर्मों का स्वरूप से त्याग करने को कहते हैं और फिर कर्म योग की प्रशंसा करते हैं। इन दोनों साधनों में से जो निश्चित रूप से श्रेष्ठ और कल्याणकारी हो वह मुझे स्पष्ट करें।
Image result for CONCH BLOWING -IMAGEउद्धव जी के प्रश्न करने पर भगवान् श्री कृष्ण ने कहा कि अलग-अलग मनुष्य अलग-अलग परिस्थितियों, समय और काल में उनके कथन का अलग-अलग अर्थ-तात्पर्य-मतलब, अपनी सुविधा के अनुरूप निकालते हैं। अर्जुन को युद्ध रूप कर्म के त्याग की बात का अर्थ यह समझ में आया कि भगवान् कर्मों का स्वरूप से त्याग करने को कह कर तत्वज्ञान प्राप्त करने को कह रहे हैं। भगवान् ज्ञानयोग और कर्मयोग दोनों की प्रशंसा कर रहे हैं। उन्होंने कर्मयोग की व्याख्या भी की है। उन्होंने निष्काम, निर्मम, और नि:संताप होकर युद्ध करने अपने धर्म का पालन करने की शिक्षा दी। कर्मयोग को श्रेष्ठ बताया। कर्मयोग के बिना सांख्य योग का साधन कठिन है यह भी कहा। कर्मयोगी का बन्धन मुक्त होना तय है यह भी कहा। अर्जुन का मुख्य प्रश्न अपने (-साधक, योगी, भक्त) के कल्याण से जुड़ा है। भगवान् का मत है कि जिन  साधकों में तीव्र वैराग्य की साधना-इच्छा नहीं है वे भी कर्मयोग के अधिकारी हैं। 
Arjun says :- Hey Krashn! First you described-discussed-praised the renunciation of actions and then their Yog abidance-performance. Tell me conclusively which of the two is the better.
Bhagwan Shri Krashn's cousin asked him a question pertaining to different meanings-interpretations attributed to his words in Veds. Bhagwan said that different people in different situations, different points of time, take his words differently according to their needs, without going into the merit of his dictates. This is a common human tendency. Its very rare that a person tries to find the gist of knowledge. Arjun thought that he had to summarily reject the deed's motive-intention-provocation and respond to the call for the war. He had to understand the gist of Karm-action: Do it without attachment, desire for reward-outcome. The discussion involved Gyan Yog-enlightenment-Sankhy Yog along with Karm Yog. Karm Yog is essential in all types of means-paths adopted for Parmarth-benefit-welfare-Salvation. Arjun had been directed to fight without any discrimination-attachment, unperturbed since his dedication to perform without the desire of reward will not contaminate-smear blot him. This will automatically lead him to Liberation. Bhagwan Shri Krashn stresses that one who has not developed a strong desire for renunciation can also attain Assimilation in him, by virtue of Karm Yog.
श्रीभगवानुवाच :- संन्यासः कर्मयोगश्च निःश्रेयसकरावुभौ। तयोस्तु कर्मसंन्यासात्कर्मयोगो विशिष्यते॥5-2॥
श्री कृष्ण भगवान कहते हैं- कर्म संन्यास (-सांख्य योग) और कर्मयोग-ये दोनों ही परम कल्याण के कराने वाले हैं, पर इन दोनों में भी कर्मयोग कर्म-संन्यास (-सांख्य योग) से (करने में सुगम होने के कारण) श्रेष्ठ है। 
कर्म योग किसी वर्ण विशेष, आश्रम या सम्प्रदाय के लिए नहीं है। सांख्य योग को कोई भी व्यक्ति प्रत्येक परिस्थिति में स्वतंत्रता पूर्वक ज्ञान प्राप्त करके अपना कल्याण कर सकता है। सांख्य योग में विवेक-विचार की प्रधानता बनी रहती है। विवेक जनित तीव्र वैराग्य के बिना यह साधना सफल नहीं हो सकती। इस साधना में संसार की स्वतंत्र सत्ता का अभाव होने से एकमात्र परमात्म तत्व पर दृष्टि रहती है।  राग मिटे बिना संसार की स्वतंत्र सत्ता का अभाव कठिन है। देहाभिमानियों के लिए यह साधन क्लेशयुक्त है। कर्मयोग का आश्रय लिए बिना संन्यास की साधना कठिन है। राग हटाने के लिए कर्मयोग सुगम उपाय है। कर्मयोग में प्रत्येक कर्म को निष्काम भाव से दूसरों के हित का चिन्तन करते हुए करना बगैर फल की इच्छा के करना है। इससे कर्मों से सम्बन्ध विच्छेद हो जाता है।
फिर भी दोनों ही साधन कल्याण कारी हैं। सांख्य योग में कर्मों का स्वरूप से त्याग किया भी जा सकता है और नहीं भी। सांख्य योग के लिए तत्वज्ञ ज्ञानी महापुरुष का मिलना उसममें श्रद्धा होना उसके पास जाकर निवास करना आवश्यक है जो कि सामान्य परिस्थिति में संभव नहीं है। यह भी जरूरी कि तत्वज्ञ शिष्य स्वीकार कर ही ले। सांख्य योग में कर्मयोग की आवश्यकता है परन्तु कर्मयोग में सांख्ययोग की आवश्यकता नहीं है। कर्मयोगी का अहम् शीघ्र तथा सुगमता से छूट जाता है जबकि सांख्य योगी का अहम् दूर तक पीछा नहीं छोड़ता।कर्मयोगी की ममता और सुख का भाव ना होने से कर्तव्य की इति हो जाती है। 
असत् का ज्ञान-चिन्तन नर्क में ले जा सकता है। ज्ञानयोगी केवल अपने लिए ही उद्धार के लिए प्रयत्न करता है। फल में कर्मयोग और ज्ञान योग एक हैं। साधन में कर्मयोग और भक्ति योग एक हैं। कर्म करने में कर्मी और कर्मयोगी एक हैं। तत्वज्ञ महापुरुष और भगवान् भी कर्म करने में साथ हैं। कर्मी, ज्ञानयोगी, भक्तियोगी और भगवान् चारों के साथ कर्मयोगी एक हो जाता है। 
Bhagwan Shri Krashn asserted  (-जोर देना, अधिकार जताना) that Renunciation and pursuance  of action both lead to the highest bliss; but, of the two, pursuance of Karm Yog awards the Ultimate pleasure-bliss. Karm-Sanyas Yog has been described in great detail by Kapil Muni-an incarnation of the Almighty Bhagwan Krashn to his mother.
Karm Yog is not meant for any special category of cast-creed-Varn, Ashram-stage of life and community-religion-nation. It is for all without distinction. Sankhy-Gyan Yog lays stress over prudence-intelligence-thinking-meditation and allows every one to utilize it, without discrimination. Still Gyan Yog involves detachment-relinquishment-retirement aided with concentration in the Almighty. One discards-eliminates the world from his thought process and meditate over the gist of the Almighty, only. Unless-until one detach him self from the bonds-ties-affections, it's not possible to achieve Gyan Yog. Karm Yog wants the practitioner to dedicate him self to the welfare of others-society-universe without the desire of rewards-honor-outcome. This detach him from the ties with the deeds.
Still both of these are meant for the welfare of the practitioner-devotee. Sankhy Yog is peculiar due to its ability to detach from the deeds or to remain involved. Sankhy Yog needs the Ttvgyani-enlightened-Guru-scholar and reverence-respect by the disciple, his stay with the Guru, Guru's service; while its not essential for the Guru to accept him as the disciple-follower. Karm Yog is an essential component of Sankhy Yog, while Karm Yog is performed independent of Sankhy Yog. Even a person of low intelligence-origin can practice this. Sankhy Yogi has ego component which he may not be able to reject, while Karm Yogi evolves out of ego just by rejecting affections-bonds-desire for pleasure.
Gyan-knowledge is not essentially virtuous-righteous-pious. It is contaminated with all sorts of defects, negativities-slur which is sufficient to take the thinker to hells. Gyan Yogi works for his own benefit-welfare only. As far the result is concerned they both leads one to the Ultimate-Liberation-assimilation in the Almighty-Salvation. As far as the performance is considered the practitioner and the Karm Yogi are alike, Ttvagy-one who knows the gist of the Almighty and the Almighty himself are associated in performing with the Karm Yogi. The performer, Gyan Yogi, Bhakti Yogi and the Almighty become one in the performance of Karm Yog.
ज्ञेयः स नित्यसंन्यासी यो न द्वेष्टि न काङ्क्षति। निर्द्वन्द्वो हि महाबाहो सुखं बन्धात्प्रमुच्यते॥5-3॥
हे महाबाहो अर्जुन! जो न किसी से द्वेष करता है और न किसी की आकांक्षा करता है, उस कर्मयोगी को सदा संन्यासी ही जानना चाहिए, क्योंकि (राग-द्वेष आदि) द्वंद्वों से रहित पुरुष सुख पूर्वक संसार-बंधन से मुक्त हो जाता है। 
भगवान् ने अर्जुन को महाबाहु कहा क्योंकि वे बड़ी भुजाओं से सम्पन्न, शक्तिशाली, बलवान और शूरवीर थे। उनकी मित्र भगवान् श्री कृष्ण और भाई अजातशत्रु धर्मराज युधिष्टर थे। तात्पर्य यह कि सेवा करना उनकी सामर्थ में था। ऐसा व्यक्ति सुगमता से कर्मयोग का निर्वाह कर सकता है। कर्मयोगी सबकी सेवा भलाई अहंकार-अभिमान से मुक्त होकर करता है विशेषतः अपने से द्वेष रखने वाली की। आकांक्षा-कामना का त्याग करने से वह निष्काम हो जाता है। युद्ध से बचकर भागना सन्यास नहीं है अपितु कायरता है। अगर राग द्वेष ही नहीं रहे बन्धन तो युद्ध में कौन मरा कौन बचा यह अर्थ हीन है। कर्मयोग के बिना सन्यास-सांख्य योग संभव है ही नहीं और राग-द्वेष नहीं हैं तो अलग से सन्यास की आवश्यकता ही नहीं रह जाती। 
परमात्म तत्व की प्राप्ति का  साधक यदि सत्संग, स्वध्याय, विचार करके भी मन, इन्द्रिय संयम, न करके भोग संग्रह में रूचि रखता है तो वह निद्वंद नहीं रहा। वह सुख, आराम, भोग, संग्रह की चेष्टा-प्रवृति-अभिलाषा से दूर है तो केवल रहा सत्-चित्-आनन्दस्वरूप परमात्मा और यही मुक्ति है। कर्मयोग, ज्ञानयोग और भक्तियोग में साधक का निर्द्वंद होना परमावश्यक है। 
O mighty Maha Baho Arjun! The Karm Yogi, who is free from envy-malice (-ईर्ष्या-द्वेष)  and desires, should be known as a renouncer of actions-hermit.  One who is free from malice & desires, liberates easily from the worldly bondage-liabilities.
Maha Baho stands  for one who has long arms, is mighty, strong and victorious. Arjun was blessed with the friendship of the Almighty and a brother like Yudhishtr who had no enemies and stood for justice-equality-truth-piousity-honesty-righteousness. He had the capability to serve  and it was easy for him to follow-practice Karmyog. A Karm Yogi serves without ego-pride-conflicts-envy-malice. He qualifies for and becomes recipient of the Ultimate by rejecting the desires-attachments. Not to fight is cowardice-escape from duties-Karm. Who dies, who is survives is immaterial for him. Sankhy Yog-enlightenment is not possible without Karm Yog. One performs from the very first breath to his last. If there is no malice-envy-conflict-attachment-desire there is no need to retire. 
One who attends religious functions-conferences-meetings-gatherings-sermons, listens to the philosophers-scholars-enlightened-Pundits-Guru, resort to self study. meditate-analyse-thinks and still dances to the tunes of his heart-desires, is unable to control senses, resorts to accumulation, pleasure, leisure; fails to meet the Ultimate. He is surrounded by problems-malice-conflicts-envy etc. If he rejects such motives, he is left with the Parmanand-bliss-the Ultimate. Freedom from malice-envy-conflicts is essential for Karm Yog, Gyan Yog as well as Bhakti Yog.
सांख्ययोगौ पृथग्बालाः प्रवदन्ति न पण्डिताः। एकमप्यास्थितः सम्यगुभयोर्विन्दते फलम्॥5-4॥ 
सांख्य-ज्ञान-कर्म-संन्यास और कर्मयोग को अज्ञानी अलग-अलग फल देने वाले कहते हैं न कि ज्ञानी पण्डित जन, क्योंकि दोनों में से एक साधन में भी ठीक प्रकार से स्थित पुरुष दोनों के ही फल रूप परमात्मा को प्राप्त होता है। 
भगवान् शरीर-शरीरी के भेद का विचार करके स्वरूप में स्थित होने को सांख्य कहते हैं और कर्मों का स्वरूप से त्याग करने की आवश्यकता नहीं समझते। अर्जुन द्वारा जिस कर्म-सन्यास की बात की जा रहे है वह भी सांख्य ही है। गुरु से सुनकर भी साधक शरीर-शरीरी के भेद का विचार करता है। जो लोग विद्वान होकर भी सांख्य योग और कर्म योग को अलग अलग फल वाला मानते हैं बे बालक के समान अबोध ही हैं। जो महापुरुष-सांख्य योग और कर्म योग के तत्व को ठीक-तरह से समझ पाये हैं वो ही पण्डित-बुद्धिमान हैं; क्योकि वे साधन नहीं अपितु साध्य-फल-वास्तविक परिणाम को देखते हैं, जो कि समान है। ज्ञानयोग में विवेक और कर्मयोग में परहित क्रिया मुख्य उद्योग है। इन दोनों का फल आत्मज्ञान-ब्रह्मज्ञान है जो कि नश्वर  नहीं है।
The result of both these is understanding of the self-the Almighty or the Brahm Gyan. Only the ignorant considers Gyan-Sankhy-Karm Sanyas Yog to be different in terms of reward-result, not the wise-enlightened. One can attain Salvation just by pursuing either of the two.
Stabilization in own self by considering the distinction between the soul and the body is termed as Sankhy-Gyan-Karm Sanyas Yog by the Yogeshwar Shri Krashn. It does not require out right rejection of deeds in to-to. What has been stressed by Arjun too is a component of Sankhy Yog, which considers the distinction of soul and the body by listen to the Guru. Those scholars-philosophers-Pundits-enlightened, who considers the Ultimate to be different are ignorant as a child, since both of these means leads one to Salvation. Those scholars who could grasp the gist-nectar-elixir of the Gyan-Sankhy Yog and the Karm Yog are  Pundits-authority on this subject, since they target the Ultimate not the means. Gyan Yog gives credence-weightage to intelligence-prudence and the Karm Yog leads one to Parmarth-Ultimate welfare-welfare of the poor-needy-down trodden-distressed and the world as a whole. 
यत्सांख्यैः प्राप्यते स्थानं तद्योगैरपि गम्यते। एकं सांख्यं च योगं च यः पश्यति स: पश्यति॥5-5॥ 
सांख्य-ज्ञान योगियों द्वारा जो तत्व-गति प्राप्त की जाती है, कर्म योगियों द्वारा भी वही प्राप्त की जाती है इसलिए जो पुरुष ज्ञान योग और कर्म योग को एक ही अंतिम परिणाम-फल की दृष्टि से एक देखता है, वही ठीक देखता है।  
साधक का लक्ष्य परमात्मतत्व की उपलब्धि है; चाहे वो ज्ञान के माध्यम से हो या कर्म के माध्यम से। रास्ता कोई भी हो, फल-लक्ष्य-उपलब्धि एक समान ही हैं। भगवान् का अभिप्राय यहाँ यह स्पष्ट  करना है कि कर्म योग उपयोगी और कल्याणकारी है, जिसकी उपेक्षा कदापि नहीं की जा सकती। दोनों मार्गों का उद्देश्य एक है अर्थात क्रियाशील प्रकृति से सम्बन्ध विच्छेद। सांख्य योग विवेक से और कर्म योग सेवा के माध्यम से संसार से  सम्बन्ध  विच्छेद करते हैं। संसार विषम और परमात्मा सम है और मनुष्य का उद्देश्य है प्रभु से-प्राणियों से समता की प्राप्ति। मनुष्य कामना-आसक्ति त्याग दे यह ज्ञान योग और साधनों-राग को दूसरों की निःस्वार्थ सेवा में उपयोग यह कर्म योग है। 
किसी भी साधन की पूर्णता होने पर जीने की इच्छा, मरने का भय, पाने का लालच और करने का राग ये चारों ही सर्वथा मिट जाते हैं। जीने की इच्छा, मरने का भय ज्ञान-विवेक द्वारा नष्ट होते हैं और पाने का लालच और करने का राग, कर्म-जरूरत मंद की सेवा-सहायता से मिट जाते हैं और मनुष्य में स्वार्थ-लालच नष्ट हो जाता है। वस्तुतः ज्ञान और कर्म योग दोनों ही लौकिक होने से एक ही हैं। 

One who finds the gist-yield of Gyan-Enlightenment Yog and the Karm Yog as one-the Ultimate; is right.
The target of the practitioner-devotee is the same: assimilation in the Almighty. Means may be either enlightenment or self less service, but the result is the Ultimate. Bhagwan Shri Krashn explained the importance of Karm which has been considered to be inferior by the enlightened. One may find great scholars-philosophers-Pundits-enlightened-thinkers devoted to the service of man kind. Prudence detach one as an instrument of Gyan Yog, while selfless devotion to the cause of the genuine needy, as an instrument of Karm Yog. The living world is full of  unevenness-troubles-difficulties-tensions, while the Almighty is even. The ultimate goal of incarnation as a human being is attainment of equanimity of  the soul and the supreme. This is possible with the rejection of desires-attachments through prudence and greed-tendency to accumulate, through help of the needy  through Karm Yog.
The perfection of the means (-Gyan or Karm Yog) eliminates the desires to live, fear of death, tendency to gain-accumulate and do-achieve, are abolished completely, through the service-welfare of others-society. Desire to live or the fear of death are abolished through prudence and the greed to accumulation-storage and tendency to achieve do something, are removed through the service of mankind. In fact both Gyan Yog and Karm yog are complementary and are universal meant for those who take birth on this earth.
संन्यासस्तु महाबाहो दुःखमाप्तुमयोगतः। योगयुक्तो मुनिर्ब्रह्म नचिरेणाधिगच्छति॥5-6॥
परन्तु हे वीर अर्जुन! कर्मयोग के बिना कर्म संन्यास-सांख्य योग सिद्ध होना कठिन है और कर्मयोग में स्थित मुनि-मननशील कर्मयोगी परब्रह्म को शीघ्र ही प्राप्त हो जाता है।
कर्म योग की सिद्धि सांख्य योग के बगैर संभव है, परन्तु सांख्य योग की सिद्धि बगैर कर्म योग के संभव नहीं है; क्योंकि सांख्य योगी का लक्ष्य परमात्मतत्व है,  जो कि राग के रहते प्राप्त होना मुश्किल है। राग मिटाने के लिए परमार्थ-निःस्वार्थ सेवा अत्यावश्यक है।वह कर्मयोगी जो अपने निष्काम भाव का और दूसरों के हित का मनन करता है, मुनि कहा गया है। सेवा में भाव का बड़ा महत्व है। साधक सकाम भाव के उत्पन्न होते ही उसे बल पूर्वक मिटा देता है। साधक सोचता है कि परहित-परसेवा कैसे हो, उसमे राग किस प्रकार पैदा न हो? राग का अभाव होते ही परमात्मतत्व स्वतः ही प्राप्त हो जाता है। देहाभिमानी मनुष्य सम्पूर्ण कर्मों का त्याग तो कर नहीं सकता, परन्तु उनके परिणाम-फल को तो स्वेच्छा से त्याग ही सकता है और यही भाव कर्म योग को सुगम-सरल बनाता है। कर्मयोग तत्काल शान्ति-सुख प्रदान करता है। मनुष्य संसार बंधन से सुखपूर्वक मुक्त हो जाता है। अतः कर्मयोग का साधन सुगम-सरल, शीघ्र सिद्धि-फल दायक,  स्वतंत्र रूप से परमात्म की प्राप्ति करने वाला है। 
But, O mighty Arjun, it is difficult to attain Sankhy Yog: Karm Sanyas Yog-enlightenment, without the aid-help-union of Karm Yog with it. One who has established him self in Karm Yog attain the Brahm-the Ultimate easily-quickly.
Karm Yog can be pursued without the help of Sankhy Yog but Sankhy Yog essentially need Karm Yog. The Sankhy Yogi targets Parmatmttv-the Ultimate, which is difficult to realise when attachments-desires-motives remain with the practitioner. For this the Yogi has to channelize-divert his efforts-energy for welfare of others without the motive of return, in any form. That practitioner who care for his service with devotion, without attachment-motive-return and think of the welfare of others is called Muni-sage, here. Motive behind service is very important. The moment desire for favor-reward develops, in the mind of the practitioner, he immediately removes it, quickly-forcefully. When one thinks of the means of the welfare-service of others, attachments do not crop in his working-pursuance.  He figure out the way to serve others without generating-evolving bonds-ties-attachments. The practitioner dissolves the attachment, the moment they creep in his mind. The reality remains that deeds can not be rejected out rightly, but their reward-outcome-favor-result can be skipped voluntarily. That makes Karm Yog easy to purse-perform. Karm yog grants immediate-quick peace-comfort-relief. The practitioner is relieved from the bonds-ties-attachments with ease-happily. This shows that Karm Yog is easy to perform, independently, leading to assimilation in the Almighty quickly.
योगयुक्तो विशुद्धात्मा विजितात्मा जितेन्द्रियः। सर्वभूतात्मभूतात्मा कुर्वन्नपि न लिप्यते॥5-7॥ 
जिसकी इन्द्रियाँ-मन और शरीर अपने वश में हैं, अन्तःकरण निर्मल है, सभी प्राणियों को अपना आत्म रूप मानने वाला कर्मयोगी कर्म करता हुआ भी उससे लिप्त नहीं होता। 
मनुष्य की इन्द्रियाँ और मन उसके काबू में हो राग-द्वेष से रहित हो तो साधक उन्हें आसानी से प्रभु की सेवा-सत्ता में अर्पित कर सकता है। अन्तःकरण की शुद्धि कामना रहित निष्काम सेवा से हो जाती है। परमात्म प्राप्ति का एक दृढ उद्देश्य-संकल्प होने से अन्तःकरण निर्मल हो जाता है। शरीर के सुख-आराम, आलस्य-प्रमाद रहित होने   अनुष्ठान आसानी से  जायेगा। उसके द्वारा समस्त संसार के प्राणियों को अपना स्वरूप मानने से अभिमान का त्याग सहज हो जाता है। 
कर्मयोगी के द्वारा मर्यादा के अनुसार संसार में यथा योग्य व्यवहार किये जाने पर सबमे अपनापन बना रहता है जैसे शरीर के सभी अंगों के साथ अपनापन होता है।  राग मिटाने के लिए सब प्राणियों में अपनी एकता मानना और उदारता बनाये रखना जरूरी है। सांख्य योगी जड़ता का त्याग करके चिन्मयता के साथ अपनी एकता मानता है और कर्मयोगी शरीर, मन, इन्द्रियाँ पदार्थ की एकता संसार के साथ मानता है अपने लिए नहीं। इस अवस्था में उसके द्वारा किया गया कोई भी कार्य-उपकार जिससे वह दूसरों को सुख पहुँचाता है उसमें अभिमान उत्पन्न नहीं करता। 
The Karm Yogi-practitioner, who's senses, body and mind-thoughts are under firm control and has a 
pure inner self,  who consider all living beings as his own replica-incarnation is not contaminated, slurred even after performing all his duties-deeds. 
If the senses-brain are free from jealousy-envy-attachments and are under control; one can easily offer them to the service of the mankind, which is the service of the God. Purity of thought-inner self, comes through self less devoted service. A firm determination for the achievement of the Almighty makes the soul-inner self pure-pious. When the practitioner rejects the comforts, laziness, intoxication all his motives pertaining to the service of man kind, assimilation in God becomes easy-effortless. He considers all organism of the world as his incarnations which devoid him of ego-pride.
The Karm Yogi behaves with all his organs as equally important, which is synonymous to behaving with the organisms in this world as if they are his own-equally important. This concept help him in detachment. He becomes liberal with all of them attaining equanimity. Sankhy Yogi reject static-inertial world and identifies him self with pure consciousness. The Karm Yogi identifies his body, inner self-mind and the sense organs with the world. Any performance by him in this state does not contaminate-slur him and he remain free from ego.
नैव किंचित्करोमीति युक्तो मन्येत तत्त्ववित्। पश्यञ्श्रृण्वन्स्पृशञ्जिघ्रन्नश्नन्‌ गच्छन्स्वपञ्श्वसन्॥5-8॥ 
प्रलपन्विसृजन्गृह्णन्नुन्मि-षन्निमिषन्नपि। इन्द्रियाणीन्द्रियार्थेषु वर्तन्त इति धारयन्॥5-9॥
तत्व को जानने वाला सांख्य योगी देखते हुए, सुनते हुए, स्पर्श करते हुए, सूँघते हुए, खाते हुए, चलते हुए, सोते हुए, साँस लेते हुए, बोलते हुए, मल-मूत्र त्यागते हुए, ग्रहण करते हुए तथा आँखों को खोलते-बंद करते हुए भी, ऐसा माने कि सब इन्द्रियाँ ही अपने-अपने कार्यों में लगी हैं, मैं स्वयं कुछ भी नहीं करता हूँ। 
सांख्य योग का विवेकशील साधक अनुभव करता है कि शरीर में होने वाली समस्त क्रियाएँ प्रकृति के अधीन हैं और वह स्वतंत्र है। तत्वज्ञान होने से उसमें कर्तापन का अहंकार नहीं है। वह मन, बुद्धि, प्राण, शरीर, इन्द्रियाँ आदि के साथ वह अपनी एकता स्वीकार नहीं करता। 
अज्ञानी समष्टि के क्षुद्र अंश व्यष्टि के साथ अपना सम्बन्ध मान लेता है। साधक स्वयं को कभी भी करता न माने। कर्तापन का अभाव होने से स्वरूप का अनुभव हो जाता है। जिस प्रकार स्वप्न से जाग्रत अवस्था में आने पर द्रष्टा उससे सम्बन्ध नहीं रखता उसी प्रकार तत्वविद् शरीरादि से होने वाली क्रियाओं से स्वयं को मुक्त रखता है। तत्वविद् पुरुष और प्रकृति को ठीक समझता है। गुण और क्रियाएँ प्रकृति के अंग हैं पुरुष के नहीं। ज्ञानेन्द्रियाँ, कर्मेन्द्रियाँ, अन्तःकरण, प्राण, उपप्राण प्रकृति के अंग हैं। 
पुरुष-चेतन में भोक्तापन नहीं है। पुरुष अक्षर, अव्यय और निर्लिप्त है। वह एकरस और एकरूप ही रहता है। वह सुख-दुःख से परे है। चिन्मय सत्तामात्र में न करना है और न होना है। 
One who has attained the gist-essence-extract of the Ultimate, should consider that he is not performing-doing anything, but the senses are interacting amongest the sense organs and seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, eating, going, sleeping, breathing, speaking, excreting (-urinating and defecating), taking, opening and closing of the eyes-are the activities of the sense objects and not belong to me.
The Sankhy Yogi uses his prudence to conclude that all activities are governed by the nature and the body is a component of the nature. He as an entity-soul is free from the clutches of nature. He finds that he is not the doer. He is free from the ego of being the doer. Urge for physical-mental activities arise cyclically time and again. All these activities are occurring automatically by them self. He does not recognize him self with the desires-brain, intelligence-motive, life force-the vital, body-physique and the sense organs.
The ignorant associates him self with the macro as a micro entity-the doer-performer. The prudent practitioner does not consider him self to be the doer. Once the ego of being the doer is scrapped, one identifies him self-own self. One do not consider him self as the performer in the dreams. Likewise the enlightened-wise-prudent detaches him self from the physical activities going on in the body. One who has realised the essence-gist-extract of the Ultimate knowledge is able to distinguish between the body and the soul. He understands that all functions are going within the body not the soul-a component of the Almighty. Organs of work, senses, life force-the vital are the components of nature not the Almighty.
The eternal-conscious is free from ego of being the consumer. The eternal is detached, indeclinable-invariable-imperishable. He is uniform and away from pleasure-pain. The conscious is neither a doer-performer nor consumer.
ब्रह्मण्याधाय कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा करोति यः। लिप्यते न स पापेन पद्मपत्रमिवाम्भसा॥5-10॥ 
जो पुरुष-भक्ति योगी सम्पूर्ण कर्मों को परमात्मा-ब्रह्म में अर्पण करके, आसक्ति रहित होकर सब कर्मों को ब्रह्म (-प्रकृति) द्वारा होने वाला जान कर करता है, वह पाप से उसी प्रकार लिप्त नहीं होता जैसे जल से उसमें डूबा हुआ कमल का पत्ता।
साधक-भक्त जब यह मान लेता है कि इन्द्रियों, मन, प्राण, बुद्धि, शरीर सभी भगवान् के हैं; उनके द्वारा होने वाली समस्त क्रियाएँ भी भगवान् के द्वारा ही हो रहें हैं और वह तो निमित्त मात्र है, तो वह पाप युक्त नहीं हो पाता। 
सम्पूर्ण कर्यों को कर्मयोगी संसार को, सांख्य योगी प्रकति को और भक्ति योगी भगवान् को अर्पित करता है। प्रकृति और संसार दोनों के ही स्वामी भगवान् हैं।  अतः क्रियाओं और पदार्थों को भगवान् को अर्पण करना ही श्रेष्ठ है। 
किसी प्राणी, प्रदत्त शरीर, इन्द्रियाँ, मन, बुद्धि, प्राण, क्रिया में किंचित मात्र भी राग, लगाव, आकर्षण, महत्व, खिचाव, ममता, कामना आदि का न रहना आसक्ति का सर्वता त्याग है। राग अज्ञान का मूल है और जन्म-मृत्यु का मुख्य कारण भी है। राग मिटा तो अज्ञान भी मिटा।  राग या आसक्ति कामना पैदा  कि सम्पूर्ण पापों की जड़ है। क्रिया जन्य सुख से फल में आसक्ति, अपने को महत्वपूर्ण-अच्छा-भला कहलवाने की भावना आसक्ति ही है। जिससे फलेच्छा-सुख पानी की ललक हो वह कर्म अपना हो जाता है। अतः अपनी सुख-सुविधा, 
इच्छा  का सर्वथा त्याग अति आवश्यक है। भक्ति योगी जल में खिले कमल की तरह है जो कि जल में रहते हुए भी जल से निर्लिप्त है। भगवान् से विमुख होकर संसार की कामना सब पापों का मुख्य हेतु है। जिसने आशा, कामना, आसक्ति का त्याग कर दिया हो उसे दोष-पाप नहीं लगता। सगुण ईश्वर ब्रह्म है, वह साकार, निराकार, निर्गुण भी है। क्योंकि वह समग्र है। अतः उससे विमुख भी नहीं होना चाहिए। 
The Yogi who is detached and free from bonds-ties performs by offering all his deeds to the Almighty-the Par Brahm Parmeshwar, remains unstained-un smeared by the sins just like the lotus leaf which remains in water without becoming wet.
A little bit of  inclination-attachment, attraction, importance, desire in the body, senses, mind, longevity, affection leads to reincarnations. Inclination-attachment is the root cause of ignorance. Detachment leads to loss of ignorance. Inclination-attachments-desires give  birth to sins. Desire for fame, comforts, recognition as good-gentle-great is inclination-attachment. The deeds which have a motive become own, creating ties with the world-birth and death. It is therefore essential to reject the desire for comforts, riches, achievements. The Bhakti Yogi-devotee is comparable to the Lotus which remains dry in spite of being in touch with water.
One who is indifferent-neutral towards the Almighty and desires all comforts-luxuries-wealth-riches may turn into be a sinner. One who has rejected desires, motives remains un tainted-un smeared. The Almighty is complete-perfect in him self. He is formless and with form-shape. He has characteristics and he is without characteristics as well. One should not be separable-detachable, neutral towards him. 
कायेन मनसा बुद्ध्या केवलैरिन्द्रियैरपि।योगिनः कर्म कुर्वन्ति सङ्गं त्यक्त्वात्मशुद्धये॥5-11॥ 
कर्म योगी आसक्ति को त्याग कर केवल (-ममता रहित) इन्द्रिय, मन, बुद्धि और शरीर द्वारा भी  अन्तःकरण की शुद्धि के लिए कर्म करते हैं। 
जो योगी भगवदर्पण-बुद्धि से कर्म करते हैं वे भक्ति योगी कहलाते हैं। जो योगी संसार के सेवा निष्काम भाव से करता है वह कर्मयोगी है। अपने कहलाने वाले शरीर, मन, इन्द्रियाँ और बुद्धि को भी परमार्थ में लगा देता है। ये चारों ही किसी भी दृष्टि से अपने नहीं हैं क्योंकि वे भी नष्टप्राय हैं। उनके प्रति ममत्व पैदा करना बन्धन कारी है। इनके प्रति निर्मोही-निर्मम होने से आसक्ति और फलेच्छा मिटती है। एक ना एक दिन शरीर ने गिर जाना-नष्ट हो जाना है। यह हमेशां के लिए नहीं है। यह विचार शुद्धि करने वाले हैं, क्योंकि इनसे सूक्ष्म अपनापन भी दूर होता है। 
The Karm Yogi functions-performs-acts without attachment through the body, mind, intellect and mere senses for the purification of their conscience.
The Yogi who performs while remembering  the Almighty simultaneously, is a Bhakti Yogi. One who performs for the sake of others without attachment-motive-desire for favor-reward is Karm Yogi. He puts his body, intelligence, desires and the senses into the service of the man kind-humanity. These faculties are bound to perish sooner or later, since they do not belong to him. Nature created them and the nature with take them back. One should not develop affection with them. Bonds with them leads to attachment and repeated incarnations. One should be neutral towards them so that he becomes free. Detachment cuts the minute relationship-association with them helping one to be Liberated.
युक्तः कर्मफलं त्यक्त्वा शान्तिमाप्नोति नैष्ठिकीम्। अयुक्तः कामकारेण फले सक्तो निबध्यते॥5-12॥ 
कर्मयोगी कर्मों के फल का त्याग करके सदा रहने वाली नैष्ठिकी शान्ति को प्राप्त होता है और सकाम पुरुष कामना करने के कारण उस कर्म के फल में आसक्त होकर बँधता है। 
जिनका उद्देश्य समता है वह साधक योगी है। जिसकी बुद्धि ने कर्मफल तो तज दिया है; सांसारिक कामनाओं से किनारा कर लिया है, वो कर्मयोगी है। कर्मफल का त्याग उसकी इच्छा के त्याग से होता है। पूर्व जन्म के कर्मों के परिणाम स्वरूप प्रारब्ध का निर्धारण होता है वर्तमान और संचित कर्म उसकी शुद्धि करते हैं। कर्मफल दृष्ट: तत्काल प्रत्यक्ष, अदृष्ट: प्रारब्ध के अनुरूप, प्राप्त: प्रारब्ध के अनुरूप प्राप्त शरीर, जाती, वर्ण, धन, सम्पत्ति, अनुकूल या प्रतिकूल परिस्थिति आदि तथा अप्राप्त: प्रारब्ध कर्मफल जो भविष्य में अनुकूल या प्रतिकूल परिस्थिति  मिलने वाला है और न ही उसका फल चिरस्थाई हैं। परमार्थ, लोकार्थ कर्मों का लक्ष्य परमात्मतत्व है जो चिरस्थाई है। ममता-कामना का त्याग मनुष्य को शांति प्रदायक है। आसक्ति का त्याग नैष्ठिकी शांति-परमात्मप्राप्ति प्रदायक है।  व्यक्ति सकाम-सुद्देश्य कर्म करता है वो बन्धनों में बंधता जाता है। 
The Yogi who is steady-stable minded, discards-rejects-abandons the fruit of his action and attains the permanent peace born out of it. One with unsteady mind and  attached to the fruit of his action due to desire, gets firmly bound.
One who's target-aim-goal is equanimity, is a Yogi.One who's intellect has rejected the desire-motive for reward-remuneration for deeds for himself, is a Karm Yogi. If one has rejected the desire for result-outcome for a deeds, he has rejected his desires.The deeds in previous 84,00,000 incarnations are responsible for the destiny in the current-present birth-form. The out come of the deeds is visible immediately like satisfaction of hunger. The invisible outcome-output of deeds is according to the destiny in the form of birth in a specific regions, caste, country etc. The obtained output is in the form of favorable or difficult situations, poverty or wealth etc. The out not received will determine the destiny of future. Neither the deeds nor the output is for ever. It comes shows its impact and vanish. Those deeds which are meant for the service of the man kind, yield permanent happiness, peace. One who does not require anything for himself and surrenders every thing for the welfare of others-society is freed from the repeated births-deaths and attains permanent abode with the Almighty, where there is nothing except bliss. 
सर्वकर्माणि मनसा संन्यस्यास्ते सुखं वशी।नवद्वारे पुरे देही नैव कुर्वन्न कारयन्॥5-13॥ 
अन्तःकरण-जिसकी इन्द्रियाँ और मन वश में हैं, ऐसा देहधारी पुरुष सब कर्मों को मन से-विवेक पूर्वक त्याग कर, न उन्हें करते हुआ और न करवाते हुए ही, नौ द्वारों वाले शरीर रूपी घर में योगी सुख पूर्वक रहे। 
सांख्य योगी की इन्द्रियाँ, मन, बुद्धि आदि में ममता-आसक्ति न रहने से ये सर्वथा उसके वश में रहते हैं। वह  9 छिद्र वाले शरीर से किंचित मात्र भी सम्बन्ध नहीं रखता। वह विवेकपूर्वक कर्तापन को त्याग देता है। कर्तापन शरीर में है अपने में नहीं। न तो वह स्वयं करने वाला है और न ही करवाने वाला। वह किसी क्रिया का प्रेरक भी नहीं है। यध्यपि मनुष्य की स्वरूप में स्वाभाविक स्थिति है तथापि वह शरीर, बुद्धि,मन, प्राण, इन्द्रियों में इसको मान लेता है। सांख्य योगी को स्वरूप में निरन्तर स्वाभाविक स्थिति का अनुभव होता रहता है। स्वरूप में सुख सदा-सर्वदा अखण्ड, एकरस, परिच्छिन्नता से रहित है। स्वरूप की पहचान जिस तत्व की सत्ता को प्रकट कर रही है वही सभी आधारों का आधार है। सभी उत्पन्न तत्व उस अनुत्पन्न तत्व के आश्रित हैं। उस सर्वाधिष्ठान तत्व को किसी आधार की आवश्यकता नहीं है। तत्वप्राप्ति में करने का भाव ही बाधक है जो कि प्रकृति से जोड़ता है। स्वरूप करने अथवा न करने दोनों से से रहित निरपेक्ष तत्व है। गुणों के संग से प्राणी अवश-पराधीन  है। ज्ञानयोग से अवशता मिट जाती और जीव वशीस्वाधीन-निरपेक्ष हो जाता है। 
The Sankhy Yogi controls-reins senses and desires-mun, renounce all actions through mind prudently, neither doing them nor getting them done, lives happily in the nine-gated fort-his body.
Sankhy Yogi is free from attachments-affections which provides him control over his senses and the mind. Though he occupies the body but does not find any inclination for it. He deserts all performances prudently. The ego of having done rests in the body-mind, not the self. He is neither the doer nor pursuer. He does not pursue any action. Although the Human is a component of the Supreme-self, yet he assumes himself to be the body. Sankhy Yogi keep on enjoying in himself. The enjoyment-bliss is for ever, uniform, unilateral, undivided, imperishable. The self is identified with the gist of the Ultimate, the root-base of every thing-event-time. The Ultimate does not need any one-anything for support. The feeling is main hurdle in achieving the gist of the Ultimate, since it connects one with the nature. Own self is absolute-neutral-free from the feeling of performer or non performer-doer. Attachment of characteristics make him dependent over the nature. Gyan-Sankhy Yog-enlightenment removes this dependence, setting him free to assimilate in his real form-the Almighty.
न कर्तृत्वं न कर्माणि लोकस्य सृजति प्रभुः। न कर्मफलसंयोगं स्वभावस्तु प्रवर्तते॥5-14॥ 
परमात्मा मनुष्य के न तो कर्तापन की, न कर्मों की और न कर्म फल के साथ संयोग की रचना करता है, अपितु इसमें स्वभाव (प्रकृति) ही कारण है। 
सृष्टि रचना का कार्य सर्व समर्थ, सबके शासक और नियामक सगुण परमात्मा स्वयं करते हैं तथापि वे अकर्ता हैं। कर्म के कर्तापन का सम्बन्ध मनुष्य का रचा हुआ है। सम्पूर्ण कर्म प्रकृति के द्वारा किये जाते हैं और मनुष्य अज्ञानवश उससे तादात्म्य कर लेता है और कर्मों का कर्ता बन जाता है। क्योंकि यह सम्बन्ध मनुष्य का बनाया हुआ है वह इसे त्याग सकता है। परमात्मा ऐसा विधान भी नहीं करते कि किस कर्म शुभ या अशुभ फल किस जीव को भुगतना पड़ेगा। जीव जैसा कर्म करेगा वैसा फल-परिणाम उसे भोगना होगा। सुख-दुःख उसी की परिणति हैं। सुख-दुःख में सम और निष्काम भाव की रचना मनुष्य के द्वारा होती है। ऊर्ध्वगति अथवा अधोगति शुभ या अशुभ कर्मों का परिणाम मात्र है। प्रारब्ध भी मनुष्य के द्वारा रचित ही है। जैसे-जैसे प्राणी कर्मों की निवृति करता जाता है वैसे वैसे ही उसकी मुक्ति का मार्ग प्रबल होता जाता है। कर्तापन, कर्म और कर्मफल तीनों मनुष्य की अपनी प्रकृति-स्वभाव के अनुरूप ही हैं।अतः इनका त्याग-निर्लिप्तता परतन्त्रता से मुक्ति है। 
The soul does not create the actions, union with their results and the sense of doer-ship in men. But it his own nature alone, that does it.
Almighty performs the job of the evolution-creation. He is absolute-capable possessor of characteristics of creation without being involved. The ego-relation of performing-doing is created by the man himself. Everything in the universe is done by the nature. All functions-creations are done by the nature and the man unknowingly considers himself to be the doer, due to ignorance-lack of knowledge-stupidity-imprudence. The God has not prescribed the bearing of the output-result-reward-punishment of the deeds by the doer. It is the human being who has to bear what he has done. Pleasure-pain are just the turn over of his endeavors. He may become neutral to the sorrow or the comforts acquiring equanimity or detachment. Gain of higher abodes-heavens or downfall into lower abodes-hells is his own creation. He himself wrote his destiny. Gradually one becomes neutral by undergoing the outcome of his deeds and the road to his freedom is smoothed. Ego-pride of being the doer, deeds and the output are in accordance with his own nature. Rejection of these-detachment-equanimity paves way for his freedom-Liberation.
नादत्ते कस्यचित्पापं न चैव सुकृतं विभुः। अज्ञानेनावृतं ज्ञानं तेन मुह्यन्ति जन्तवः॥5-15॥ 
सर्वव्यापी परमात्मा न तो किसी के पाप कर्म और न ही किसी के शुभ कर्म को ग्रहण करता है, यह ज्ञान अज्ञान द्वारा ढके होने से सब मनुष्य मोहित हो रहे हैं। 
पूर्व पद में परमात्मा को प्रभु (-संप्रभुता संपन्न) और इस पद में विभु, (-जो शाश्वत, सनातन है) नित्य सम्बोधित किया गया है। कर्म फल का भागीदार कर्ता और करवाने वाला दोनों ही होते हैं। परमात्मा न तो किसी से कोई कर्म करवाता है और न ही इसमें सहायक है। अतः वो फल का भागीदार भी नहीं है। मनुष्य कर्म-अच्छा या बुरा, करने को स्वतन्त्र है। जो स्वयं को कर्म का कर्ता या भोक्ता मान लेता है, वो बन्धन में पड़ता है और जो स्वतंत्रता का सदुपयोग करके कर्म और कर्म फल भगवान् को अर्पण कर देता है, वो मुक्त हो जाता है-छूट जाता है। मनुष्य जानता है कि शरीर और शरीर को चलाने वाला अलग अलग हैं। शरीर को चलवाने वाला स्वरूप है।मगर अज्ञानवश मनुष्य उसी की अवहेलना कर देता है। इस अज्ञान-मूढ़ता का नाश मनुष्य विवेक द्वारा कर सकता है।जो व्यक्ति विवेकहीन है, वो पशु के सदृश्य है। इन्द्रियों और बुद्धि को ज्ञान-अनुभव होता है। परन्तु वह ज्ञान विपरीत-उलटी बुद्धि द्वारा  ढँका-आच्छादित-आवरण में रहता है। परमात्मा को अपने से अलग और शरीर को अपना मान लेना अज्ञान-भ्रम-भूल है।
The knowledge-truth-gist, that the Almighty is not involved in either pious or vicious-vices-wretched sins-deeds of the individuals, is pervaded by ignorance, which deluded all mortals.
In earlier para the Almighty was addressed as Prabhu-Sovereign and in this para he is addressed as Vibhu-Eternal. In either sense he is neither involved in the deeds nor the out come of the deeds of the doer, who is free to perform as per his own will-desire. One who by virtue of ignorance-ego considers him self to be the doer is struck with bondage. One who utilize this freedom to act in pious-righteous-virtuous deeds and offers them to the Almighty honestly, is freed from the clutches of the destiny-reincarnations. He is aware that the body is driven by some thing else, but due to ignorance he is unable to identify himself-a component of the Almighty.This ignorance can be over come by utilizing prudence, which rides over the intelligence. Senses and the intelligence of the doer-individual knows-experience-receives the knowledge of right or wrong, but discards it due to stupidity-adverse direction of the intelligence. The concept that one is the body and the Almighty is different, is his ignorance-foolishness-mistake.

Monday, August 17, 2015

मन्दिर-देव प्रतिमा और ध्यान साधना

मन्दिर-देव प्रतिमा और ध्यान साधना 
Nisha Dwivedi's photo.

मूर्ति और मन्दिर भगवान् के प्रतीक हैं। ईश्वर सर्वव्यापी है और इस प्रकार मूर्ति में भी है। यह मनुष्य को ध्यान लगाने में मदद करते हैं। मूर्ति की प्राण प्रतिष्ठा-आराधना मनुष्य को शक्ति से जोड़ देती है। मन्दिर का निर्माण पूर्णतया वास्तु शास्त्र के अनुरूप हो तो वह परमात्मा के शरीर का प्रतीक बन जाता है। गर्भ गृह-सर, गोपुरा-मुख्य द्वार चरण, शुकनासी-नाक, अंतराला-निकलने की जगह गर्दन, प्राकरा:-ऊँची दीवारें इन्हें शरीर के हाथ और ह्रदय या दिल में ईश्वर की मूर्ति  है। इसी प्रकार मानव शरीर भी ईश्वर का प्रतिरूप ही है। 



Shail Gulhati: Shiva and Mysticism.'s photo.



Friday, August 7, 2015

HUMAN मानव-मनुष्य योनि

HUMAN मानव-मनुष्य योनि 
Humans are the best creations of the Almighty far-far better than the demigods-deities-demons-giants since its only when the soul gets the incarnation as a human being, it can perform-do some activity to get rid of the sins or perform virtuous jobs. One becomes a human being only after traversing through 84,00,000 species. Its the only species-race, which willingly perform Tapsya-asceticism-welfare of others-chastity. However some exceptions are always there. Purity-piousness leads to higher abodes and vices-wretchedness-evils throw the sinner in hells. On completion of the reward of virtuous activities one will return back to earth to take birth in some good -respectable family. On release from the hell the sinner will acquire the lower species of insects, gradually moving from one to another higher forms of living beings like fish-reptiles-birds-animals etc. Thereafter, he goes to the families of the Mallechh-Muslims, Yawan-Christians, Sudr, Vaishy, Kshtriy and the Brahmn, ultimately. However he may keep wriggling from one race to another, one species to another, depending upon the outcome of deeds. One is elevated from a lower caste-Varn to higher directly without going to the middle ranks depending upon his meritorious virtuous activities. He slides to lower forms as and when he perform evils. Its like the game of snake and ladder. The last abodes from where the soul is not expected to return is Gou Lok-the abode of Bhagwan Shri Krashn-the Almighty Par Brahm Parmeshwar. It happens only after Salvation.

Thursday, August 6, 2015

12 FORMS OF YAGY 12 प्रकार के यज्ञ

12 FORMS OF YAGY 12 प्रकार के यज्ञ 
निस्वार्थ भाव से दूसरों के हित-भले के लिए किये गए कर्तव्य-कर्म करने का नाम ही यज्ञ है। यज्ञ से सभी कर्म अकर्म हो जाते हैं। मनुष्य बंधन मुक्त हो जाता है। कुल बारह प्रकार के यज्ञ कर्म हैं। 
(1). ब्रह्म यज्ञ-प्रत्येक कर्म में कर्ता, करण, क्रिया, पदार्थ आदि सब को ब्रह्म रूप से अनुभव करना। 
(2). भगवदर्पण रूप यज्ञ-सम्पूर्ण क्रियाओं और पदार्थों को केवल भगवान् का और भगवान् के लिए ही मानना।
(3). अभिन्नता रूप यज्ञ-असत् से सर्वथा विमुख होकर परमात्मा में विलीन हो जाना। परमात्मा से अलग अपनी स्वतंत्र सत्ता न रखना। 
(4). संयम रूप यज्ञ-एकान्तकाल में अपनी इन्द्रियों को विषयों से मुक्त रखना-प्रवृत न होने देना। 
(5). विषय हवन रूप यज्ञ-व्यवहार काल में इन्द्रियों से संयोग होने पर भी उनमें राग द्वेष पैदा न होने देना। 
(6). समाधिरूप यज्ञ-मन बुद्धि सहित सम्पूर्ण इन्द्रियों और प्राणों की क्रियाओं को रोककर ज्ञान से प्रकाशित समाधि में स्थित हो जाना। 
(7). द्रव्य यज्ञ-सम्पूर्ण पदार्थों को निःस्वार्थ भाव से दूसरों की सेवा में लगा देना। 
(8). तपो यज्ञ-अपने कर्तव्य के पालन में आने वाली कठिनाइयों को प्रसन्नता पूर्वक सह लेना। 
(9). योग यज्ञ-कार्य की सिद्धि-असिद्धि में तथा फल की प्राप्ति-अप्राप्ति में सम रहना। 
(10). स्वाध्याय रूप ज्ञान यज्ञ-दूसरों के हित के लिए सत्-शास्त्रों का पठन-पाठन, नाम-जप आदि करना। 
(11). प्राणायम रूप यज्ञ-पूरक, कुम्भक और रेचक पूर्वक प्रणायाम करना। 
(12). स्तम्भ वृत्ति प्राणायाम रूप यज्ञ-नियमित आहार करते हुए प्राण और अपान को अपने-अपने स्थानों पर रोक देना। 
मनुष्य की समस्त क्रियाएँ यज्ञ रूप ही होनी चाहिए; अर्थात स्वयं के लिए कुछ भी नहीं करना। जब मनुष्य केवल दूसरों के हित के लिए सम्पूर्ण कर्तव्य-कर्म  करता है तो परिणति कर्तव्य कर्म रूप यज्ञ  में स्वतः हो जाती है। 

Monday, August 3, 2015

गुर्वष्टकम्गुर्वष्टकम् श्री गुरु स्तोत्र :: गुरु अष्टक


गुर्वष्टकम्गुर्वष्टकम् श्री गुरु स्तोत्र :: गुरु अष्टक 
शरीरं सुरूपं तथा वा कलत्रं, यशश्चारु चित्रं धनं मेरु तुल्यम्। मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥1॥ 
यदि शरीर रूपवान हो, पत्नी भी रूपसी हो और सत्कीर्तिचारों दिशाओं में विस्तरित हो, मेरु पर्वत के तुल्य अपार धन हो, किंतु गुरु के श्री चरणों में यदि मन आसक्त न हो तो इन सारी उपलब्धियों से क्या लाभ?
कलत्रं धनं पुत्र पौत्रादिसर्वं, गृहो बान्धवाः सर्वमेतद्धि जातम्।मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥2॥ 
सुन्दरी पत्नी, धन, पुत्र-पौत्र, घर एवं स्वजन आदि प्रारब्ध से सर्व सुलभ हों, किंतु गुरु के श्री चरणों में यदि मन आसक्त न हो तो इस प्रारब्ध-सुख से क्या लाभ?
षड़ंगादिवेदो मुखे शास्त्रविद्या, कवित्वादि गद्यं सुपद्यं करोति। मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे,ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥3॥ 
वेद एवं षटवेदांगादि शास्त्र जिन्हें कंठस्थ हों, जिनमें सुन्दर काव्य निर्माण की प्रतिभा हो, किंतु उनका मन यदि गुरु केश्री चरणों के प्रति आसक्त न हो तो इन सदगुणों से क्या लाभ?
विदेशेषु मान्यः स्वदेशेषु धन्यः, सदाचारवृत्तेषु मत्तो न चान्यः।मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्4॥ 
जिन्हें विदेशों में समादर मिलता हो, अपने देश में जिनका नित्य जय-जयकार से स्वागत किया जाता हो और जो सदाचार पालन में भी अनन्य स्थान रखता हो, यदि उनका भी मन गुरु के श्री चरणों के प्रति आसक्त न हो तो सदगुणों से क्या लाभ?
क्षमामण्डले भूपभूपलबृब्दैः, सदा सेवितं यस्य पादारविन्दम्। मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥5॥ 
जिन महानुभाव के चरण कमल पृथ्वी मण्डल के राजा-महाराजाओं से नित्य पूजित रहा करते हों, किंतु उनका मन यदि गुरु के श्री चरणों के प्रति आसक्त न हो तो इस सदभाग्य से क्या लाभ?
यशो मे गतं दिक्षु दानप्रतापात्,जगद्वस्तु सर्वं करे यत्प्रसादात्।मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥6॥ 
दानवृत्ति के प्रताप से जिनकी कीर्ति दिगदिगांतरों में व्याप्त हो, अति उदार गुरु की सहज कृपादृष्टि से जिन्हें संसार के सारे सुख-एश्वर्य हस्तगत हों, किंतु उनका मन यदि गुरु के श्रीचरणोंमें आसक्तभाव न रखता हो तो इन सारे एशवर्यों से क्या लाभ?
न भोगे न योगे न वा वाजिराजौ, न कन्तामुखे नैव वित्तेषु चित्तम्।
मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे, ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥7॥ 
जिनका मन भोग, योग, अश्व, राज्य, स्त्री-सुख और धनोभोग से कभी विचलित न हुआ हो, फिर भी गुरु के श्री चरणों के प्रति आसक्त न बन पाया हो तो मन की इस अटलता से क्या लाभ?
अरण्ये न वा स्वस्य गेहे न कार्ये, न देहे मनो वर्तते मे त्वनर्ध्ये।मनश्चेन लग्नं गुरोरघ्रिपद्मे,ततः किं ततः किं ततः किं ततः किम्॥8॥ 
जिनका मन वन या अपने विशाल भवन में, अपने कार्य या शरीर में तथा अमूल्य भण्डार में आसक्त न हो, पर गुरु केश्रीचरणों में भी वह मन आसक्त न हो पाये तो इन सारीअनासक्त्तियों का क्या लाभ?
गुरोरष्टकं यः पठेत्पुरायदेही, यतिर्भूपतिर्ब्रह्मचारी च गेही।लमेद्वाच्छिताथं पदं ब्रह्मसंज्ञं,गुरोरुक्तवाक्ये मनो यस्य लग्नम्॥9॥ 
जो यति, राजा, ब्रह्मचारी एवं गृहस्थ इस गुरु अष्टक का पठन-पाठन करता है और जिसका मन गुरु के वचन में आसक्त है, वह पुण्यशाली शरीरधारी अपने इच्छितार्थ एवंब्रह्मपद इन दोनों को संप्राप्त कर लेता है यह निश्चित है। 



श्रीमद आद्य शंकराचार्यविरचितम्

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

PALMISTRY CHAPTER (1) हस्तरेखा शास्त्र

PALMISTRY  CHAPTER (1) हस्तरेखा शास्त्र 
CONCEPTS & EXTRACTS IN HINDUISM By:: Pt. Santosh Kumar Bhardwaj  
santoshkipathshala.blogspot.com   santoshsuvichar.blogspot.com    santoshkathasagar.blogspot.com bhartiyshiksha.blogspot.com   hindutv.wordpress.com   bhagwatkathamrat.wordpress.com
TYPES OF HANDS
ELEMENTARY-ANIMAL HAND: One with this type of hand is earthy and practical, tending to evaluate without enthusiasm and imagination. He shows a general indifference to life and is concerned with daily existence and maintenance, preferring routine rather than change. He is known to be somewhat, with a love of nature.
The formation of the hand is unsymmetrical and the fingers appear to be unsymmetrical. It constitutes of a  thick, hard, square, large palm like a club and stiff, heavy, stubby short shapeless, swallowed fingers, a short thumb and rough leathery skin, which may be full of hairs on the reverse side. The width of finger nails is more as compared to the length over the square tips. The hand may be categorized as course with ugly look. It is hard to find distinctive lines, still the Life Line is clear, straight, short and distinctive. A dominant Line of Heart may be present. This is a sign of primitive world. Some times the simian line-a combination of the Line of Head and the Heart Line is found. The astrological sign associated with the Elementary type of hand is Taurus.  
One is a strong and reliable worker, who is known to be dependable but sometimes he works too hard. His hands show marks of the hard labor he has put in during his life time, yet his spirit is grounded and this kind of hard work genuinely makes him happy. He displays lack of enthusiasm, imagination and low mental capacity. He has firm convictions and tendency to perform rigorous and rough labour. This type of hand is characteristic of farmers, laborers and those involved in physical activities and sports, violent sports like boxing. He has no inclination for learning and understanding. He may get angry very soon and can do anything without looking into the consequences. Because of the stubborn-adamant behavior, he is not capable of doing something with the alternate method. His mental approach limits him to the basic needs. His only target is eating and drinking. His I.Q. is very low. He may be a fearless fighter, if Mars is dominant. Those who live in deep woods, away from the cities may possess this type of hand.
One may appear to be civilized and materialistic, but without the understand the value of life and is devoid of the values of life.  Breaking of law is very easy for him. He is basically intolerant of a surprising situation and can get violent, when provoked. He may come under the category of criminals.  He is largely intolerant of a nasty situation and can get violent when provoked. He may be revengeful.
SQUARE USEFUL-PRACTICAL HAND: One is a honest, reliable, disciplined, with strong notions-attitude and leads a structural life. He is downright conventional, practical and like general order. He is honest and reliable and like to lead disciplined life. He is practical, logical and rather materialistic and has little imagination or idealism. He is blessed with perseverance..
The shape of his palm is square with same width and height. It has short and square fingers and if the square fingers do not exist, then he has distinctly square fingertips. The lines are deep and smooth. While the fingers are largely knotty, this hand is characterized by a large thumb and a square finger base. His  hand is unsymmetrical with prominent bones. His fingers have a special kind of suppleness. His hands are thinner and less coarse than the primary hand. The astrological sign related with this type are generally Capricorn, Virgo and Arian.  His thumb is of suitable size according to hand. His nails are also square. His hands are normally small as compared to whole body with hard and strong skin.
The possessor judges the things according to their usefulness-benefits. He does not care for un necessary-useless emotions and feeling. He believes in logic and proof to judge, believe in practicality-reality and not in words and talks. He is not selfish. He has a  positive thinking and attitude. He is not hasty and plans the future-projects-ventures in advance after careful assessment, reasoning, thinking. He does the things very slowly, keeping in mind all the aspects of that matter. 
He is peace loving and strict follower of rules. So, he feels comfortable doing his endeavors carried out in a proper manner. He can be a successful businessman. In case he joins service, he will be successful in police and army with the physical Mars normally placed. Though he believes in worldly matters yet he take care of religion and is very punctual in prayer etc.
SQUARE HAND
He is  a hard worker and consistent person and show unusual power and consistence for achieving his goals. He will prove to be a good and loyal worker. He prefers to keep him self busy in routine duties. 
He believes in carrying out work traditionally and finds it difficult to adopt to new methods-procedures-practices-technology easily.One with weak thumb and Life Line intersecting the Line of Head, will not have sufficient will power courage. He may not prove to be a good political leader.
If the bearer has straight Line of Head and square fingers he may be inclined to sciences, accountancy, maths. He may be a businessmen, executive, lawyer, doctor, scientist or an engineer, though he is not very imaginative. He may be genius and intellectual. The society receives his contribution as a social-religious leader. He guides-shows direction to the society, as a philosopher, Man of letters and psychologist. He do not attach too much importance to money.  
MARKS & SIGNS OVER THE FINGER TIPS
THUMB: The Mount of Venus constitutes the third phalange of the thumb forming its base-seat, which is indicative of a one's passions, attitude towards beauty, workmanship, health and hygiene. A high, well-proportioned Mount means that the possessor is full of energy, outgoing, has a great deal of interest in life and can be very vital and enthusiastic. One whose's Mount of Venus is flat, like a plateau, is very energetic. He likes brainy pursuits, his friends are characters who resist the active mainstream of life and whose's sense of discipline works best with specific mental activities, like the pursuits of writers, sculptors, lawyers, community organizers and rock climbers. 
The shape of the thumb's tip is a strong indicator of the inner power. A pointed or conical thumb shows an impulsive nature and one is perceptive. Square thumb is a sign of common sense. Bulbous tip would indicate a violent temper. Tip that bends far back shows a far-out personality, usually artistic or involved in an exotic mental pursuit. One with a flat-tipped thumb is impatient and full of nervousness. The thumb will shows one’s drive and how he applies the same. 
The top segment shows willpower and the middle one, shows just how much will is available to push for what we want. 
Large thumbs show a strong personality; small thumbs suggest that one is more laid back and gentle. Long, broad thumbs belong to one who push hard and succeed. Long, narrow thumbs belongs to one who want to succeed but don’t possess the driving force. Small broad thumbs belong to one who lack determination. An exceptionally wide top belongs to one who is aggressive. A very narrow top indicates weakness. Thick top joint shows that one is blunt. Tapered tip shows a more subtle way of doing things. The thumb held close to the side of the hand shows one who is self-protective & stingy. A thumb that naturally falls away from the side of the hand shows a tolerant attitude, a carefree personality and an independent spirit.
THUMB POSITION: Three formation are exhibited in general. 
(1) The thumb makes right angled, L-shaped,  with the Index finger. One is balance headed, logistic, with firmness. His will power is good. Rigid thumb will make him obstinate-not listening to even the right advice. Thumb bending slightly backwards makes him analytic, capable of taking advise into consideration and coming to right decision. Its not so good to have a very flexible thumb. A person with this lineage is swayed away by others opinions. 
(2) If the thumb makes an acute angle with the Index finger, the person may not be able to analyze, think appropriately. His will may not be that strong. Others may impose them selves upon him. Such person should be dealt with gently, being delicate. He is likely to react to outside stimuli with anger or open hostility.
(3) One having a thumb making obtuse angle with the Index finger, is also not that good. Such people stretches the things beyond limits. The subject may loss control over his temper and may strike out violently at anything he feels, comes his way. As long as the thumb holds this position, no amount of reason or negotiation will have any effect on them.

LENGTH OF FINGER 
It reveals the character of the possessor. A long-fingered person is analytical and academic, liking to study things in detail. A person with markedly short fingers is very practical and intuitive, who wish to go with his gut instinct. When the hands are in proportion it shows a balanced personality.The proportion of the fingers in relation to each other is very important. Each of the fingers reveal the traits of the bearer in addition to character marking and indicate the strength of that particular quality.
FORE FINGER-JUPITER FINGER: It shows confidence, ego, ambition and drive possessed by the individual. Balanced ego and high degree of confidence is reflected if it reaches the bottom of the nail of the middle finger. Lack of confidence is indicated when the fore finger doesn't reach past the bottom of the nail of the middle finger.
MIDDLE FINGER-SATURN FINGER: It indicates the discipline, mental-physical balance and religiosity. When the middle finger is prominent, standing out from the rest. It shows a serious and intense nature.
RING FINGER-SUN FINGER: It denotes the emotional expression, creativity, success, name, fame, wealth & vehicle. Balanced emotions are indicated, when the ring finger reaches the bottom of the nail of the middle finger. Very emotional and creative impulses are indicated when the ring finger reaches past the bottom of the nail of the middle finger. Blocked emotions are indicated, when the ring finger doesn't reach past the bottom of the nail of the middle finger.
LITTLE FINGER-MERCURY: It shows the communicative skills, research, trade & health. When the little finger stands out naturally from the hand, it shows an independent and outspoken nature.
TEXTURES OF HAND
SMOOTH HANDS: One possess this feature has a  very calm and unruffled temperament.He will rarely lose his temper and maintains calmness even in times of turmoil
ROUGH HANDS: One will have erratic temperament. He is usually coarse and earthy and is more fascinated with the concrete than abstract ideas. He is a hard worker.
LARGE NUMBER OF CONFUSED LINES: The bearer is fretful, worrisome and may be easily vexed or angered.
SOFT HANDS: The bearer is a sloth. He might possess brilliant markings leading to designing great talent, but he will find it difficult to be motivated. He may lack perseverance. He may have a tendency for sensuality and immoral activities.
FIRM HANDS: It denote a great deal of energy and drive and an active nature. One with firm hands will start many projects, often simultaneously and possess the energy and will power to attain success.
HARD HANDS: One with this indication without springiness, bony and tough structure; lacks energy and enthusiasm leading to dispassionate, selfish, and potentially pessimistic nature.
In fact, its really very difficult find a hand purely with the combination of all these qualities.
COLOR OF THE PALM
Red colored palm indicates a robustness. A red handed guy will be passionate, quick-tempered and ardent. A red line will indicate much of the same, but it will be modified by the function of the line, i.e. a red of Life Line will indicate a vigorous, robust health coupled with an active nature, while a red Line of Heart will denote overflowing and heartfelt emotions.
Yellow colored palm is indicative of melancholy and morose character.
Pink hue in the palm denotes a hopeful, sanguine, enthusiastic and bright nature. One may consider it to be a less extreme manifestation of a red hand or line. This is the optimal color for any line in a healthy and well-adjusted person.
White color denotes a lack of interest in the outside world and those with whom the bearer may associate. White hands are egotistical, consequential in selfishness and a lack of sympathy for others. It is also a symbol for general ill-health and weakness.
Black colored line denotes a trait of a person as grave, haughty, distant, and vengeful.
QUALITIES OF LINES
A deeply-cut line strengthens the influence of the line over other traits. The deepest line on a palm signifies the most important aspect of their life, i.e. a deeply-cut Line of Heart would designate an emotional, passionate person, while a deep Line of Head would betray an individual enamored with ideas and the intellect.
A thin line indicates the opposite, of a deeply cut line as would be expected. A thin line will have little influence over the bearer's life, just as a thin Fate Line would show little direction in life and a thin Life Line would show weakness of constitution and health.
A broad and shallow line is also a sign of weakness, but typically due to physical factors, either congenital or incidental.
A normal line is straight, firm, light pink in hue and clearly marked on the palm and it denotes a normal and average person.
Apart from the primary and secondary lines, there may be chance lines and influence which appear and disappear. One may ascertain whether a line is rising or falling by the varying thickness of a line.
FLEXIBLE THUMB: The flexibility of the 1st knuckle of the thumb reveals how adaptable a person is to new situations and environments. In some cases the thumb is so flexible that it bends back beyond a 90 degree angle. This extreme flexibility is most visible when holding a pen for writing.
The greater the flexibility of the knuckle, the more adaptable the person is. In cases where the thumb will bend far back on itself, the individual will quickly and easily adjust to any new environment in which they find them self. They will not stop to first consider whether the change is beneficial or harmful - their love of new experiences is stronger than their good judgement.
This class of person will quickly outperform their peers, regardless of the morality of their actions. For this reason, owners of extremely flexible thumbs must exercise caution in choosing their friends. If associated with a group of philanthropists, they will improve more lives than their peers. If with a group of voluptuaries, they will exceed all others in their debauch.

EXTENDED INDEX FINGER: Some hand positions show a constructive mental outlook, while other positions reveal a destructive mental focus. The most destructive hand position is when the index finger alone is extended. Most often the finger is pointed at another person, and is waved or shaken at them.
The Index Finger represents the Ego. By extending only the one finger and waving it about, the subject is directing only self-centered, egotistical thought patterns and behavior.
If one find his own index finger being pointed and shaken at another, he should be aware that his current attitude is judgmental and egocentric. He should become aware that what he dislike in others reflects patterns that he himself is is guilty of.
GETTING RID OF HEADACHES THROUGH RELAXATION: To Alleviate Headaches- Massage the Thumbs. Start at the pad on the tip of the thumb and gently massage all over the 1st phalanx. Locate any points which feel sore and rub these spots thoroughly. 
If your headache still persists after massaging the 1st phalanx, move to the second phalanx and repeat the process. If necessary, also rub the web of the thumb and the metacarpal bone.
Headaches centered around the eyes will also require massaging of the index and middle fingers. Headaches centered around the ears will need additional rubbing of the ring and baby fingers. If the headache is on the right side, concentrate the treatment on the right hand. For headaches on the left side, use the left hand.
GETTING RID OF NECK TENSION: Rotate the Thumbs. After massaging the thumbs rotate them gently to each side several times on both knuckles.
GETTING RID OF LOWER BACK PAIN: To Alleviate Pain in the Lower Back-Massage the Wrists. The center of the wrist on the palm side contains the reflex point for the lower back. Gently massage both wrists with the opposite thumb, about 5 minutes per wrist. Repeat the massage at least twice per day for optimum results.
GETTING RID OF SWOLLEN GLANDS: Massage the Base of Each Finger. In between each finger at the base is a reflexology point for the upper lymph nodes. If your glands are swollen, at least one (and probably all) of these points will be painful to the touch. Massaging all 4 of the points will bring relief almost immediately.
The four points are at the very base of each finger within the webbing of the skin. There is one between the thumb and index finger, another between the index and middle finger. Remember that each point is found within the webbing between the digits.
SIGNS ON FINGERS
Apart from determining the character and future of the individuals, the signs of hand found on the fingers have great significance in criminology. A person's character and his way of thinking and the tendency of that very individual towards criminal activities can be known fully through a systematic study of the signs over the fingers. His individuality can be understood with the help of these signs found on his finger. 
JAVELIN-ARROW भाला-तीर: If there is a sign of Javelin or an arrow in the first phalange of the finger, then the person is very capable and learned from an intellectual point of view. Such persons succeed in adverse conditions-circumstances and win over the conditions and are capable of working according to the atmosphere. Such persons may have heart trouble in their old age. 
TENT-CONE-UMBRELLA छत्र: The possessor may be a kind-hearted person who may rise very high by means of his artistic talents. But he may take undue advantage leading to exploitation of others. He may be mentally unbalanced fickle minded and his family life is troublesome. This formation often lead a person to be like a king-leader. 
CIRCLE वृत-घेरा: Its considered to be auspicious. It points to the social life of the individual. The bearer is independent in his thoughts-ideas and originality is reflected in his endeavors. He is free from old beliefs and conservatism since his not orthodox, with respect to judgment of any serious issue. He works according to his own dictates.  He gets honor on the strength of his judgment.  He may prove to be is an ideal lover and ideal friend. He is both desirous of amorous activities and possess asceticism. He may be fickle-minded, too. So, he may not complete the work fully. 
ARCH: The possessor may be generally lazy and of suspicious nature. He lacks confidence. He lives in an illusionary world. He might gain special success in mystic works and detective services. 
TRIANGLE: The sign of triangle makes one mysterious. He practices Yog and loves loneliness-seclusion-isolation. He may be orthodox too. He may not be liberal in his thoughts. He decides and do the work till its completed. 
STAR: Persons on whose fingers the sign of star or cross is visible is very fateful. He receive wealth in life quite unexpectedly many times. 
NET-GRID-GRILL: Fingers with net on them are indicative that the man will meet with more obstacles and difficulties in life. He may overcome these difficulties and come unscathed by his sheer will-power. He is less comfortable and less happy in life. These signs are seen in the hands of culprits and dacoits. Fingers with net on them are the indicators of hindrances. He is blessed with a strong will power.  He is less comfortable and less happy in life leading to criminality.  
RECTANGLE-SQUARE: It makes the bearer the laborious. He keeps the Goddess of wealth in his house. He is prosperous and happy in life.
If more than one of the above signs is seen on the fingers of a person, then the person is entitled to the combined benefits of those signs.
INDEX-FORE-JUPITER FINGER:  A cross tells of better prospects to come. A grille denotes advancement in life. A circle tells of a love that is more idealistic than sensual. A star on this finger is a sure sign of success in life. A square on this finger warns of jealousy that is likely to cause a lot of trouble. A triangle indicates troubles to come.
MIDDLE FINGER-SATURN FINGER:  A black spot on this finger is a good sign though it may bring responsibilities and even sorrow. Happiness in home and family life is indicated by a triangle on this finger. A square forecasts material gains and perhaps an inheritance. A star forecasts domestic disturbances. A cross indicated gossip, slander and blacklisting. A grille indicates danger of large, open places.
RING FINGER-SUN FINGER: A grille here indicates journey and a circle indicates successful career and even wealth, a square indicates a successful career, public recognition and honors. A cross on this finger indicates unhappiness in affairs of the heart. A triangle is also a negative sign in love affairs.
LITTLE FINGER-MERCURY: A circle over here indicates fulfillment of ambitions. A star indicates more than one marriage or love affairs. A square denotes happiness but only after hard work and many disappointments. A cross tells of honors to come. They might be quite unexpected.A black dot here tells of upsets and disappointments. Triangle denotes danger from strangers. A grille indicates an accident or an unpleasant incident.
THUMB: A circle on the thumb denotes business failures and financial troubles. A Star speaks of family troubles and discord. A cross denotes marital unhappiness, perhaps a separation, divorce or broken engagement.
SHAPE OF FINGERS & THEIR EFFECT:  
LONG & SLIM: It signify emotional nature of a person. Heavy fingers show more of physical activities.
CONICAL: It denote sensitivity and one with such fingers take care of his looks and appearance.
POINTED: One is spiritualistic. He is more of imaginative type and cautious but flexible by nature. He loves nature and its beauty.
SQUARE: One who has square fingers is business minded, rational, practical and down-to-earth. He is conventional and conservative in behaviour.
SPATULATE: One with spatulate fingers is realist, adventurous, traveller and prefer outdoor life. He value work and has good command over many subjects and has in depth knowledge over the matter. Scientists, engineers, technicians and high-end workers have such fingers.
STRAIGHT: One with straight fingers is considered honest, diligent, energetic and judicious by nature. He progress well in life.
KNOTTY: One with knotty fingers is extremely practical and great planners. He is straight forward many a times.
LONG: In general they represent thoughts. A long fingered person is analytical and academic and goes in details of the things.
TYPES OF NAILS
SHORT NAILS:  They reveal that the possessor is uncivilized. He might have been born in a high family, yet he would be narrow-minded, weak and of wicked tendencies.
SHORT & PALE NAILS: They reveal the wickedness of the individual. He tells lies at every step and will even deceive his own family. He cannot be trusted.
SHORT & RECTANGULAR NAILS: One having such nails on his fingers is a heart patient and dies of heart attack.
SHORT & WIDE NAILS: They believe in quarreling, criticizing and interfering in other's works. Its their sole aim in life. They are stubborn in nature.
HARD & NARROW NAILS: These persons are generally quarrelsome in nature. Once they make up their mind they shall do anything even if it is wrong. They stick to their decisions.
SQUARE NAILS: These nails reveal the wicked nature of the individual. They show that the man is a coward, timid and subdued.
SHORT AND TRIANGULAR NAILS: They are generally wide at the upper tip and narrow at the lower end. One with such nails is lazy and hesitant to work. He like loneliness and do not like others to interfere in their matters.
NAILS WIDER THAN LENGTH: The bearer get angry quickly. He complete any work he has started without leaving it midway.
SHORT NAILS & KNOTTY FINGERS:  One is quarrelsome. If such nails are found in the fingers of a female, then she must be dominating her husband and also quarrelsome.
ROUNDED NAILS: Persons having rounded nails at the tip are quarrelsome and take quick decisions. They know how to act on the decision they have taken.
THIN & LONG NAILS: Such persons are weak-bodied and fickle-minded. They cannot take independent decisions and act on the advise given by others.
LONG & CURVED NAILS: Such persons are not of good character and do have affairs with many women. They get bad names associated with their lives several times.
PERFECT NAILS: These nails are little longer than wider and have a natural luster. The bearer is a man of high ideals and good-intentioned. He would be successful in his life.
SIGNS ON NAILS
BLACK SPOTS:  One is likely to meet with great calamity in life. They are an indication of impurity of blood. The bearer may be attacked by small-pox, malaria, fever or any other disease connected with the impurity of blood, even cancer.
WHITE SPOTS: They indicate obstruction to the circulation of blood i.e., heart trouble and some related diseases. The moment these spots occur the possessor should adopt him self to Yogasan, morning walk, daily physical exercises. He should check his eating habits and stop eating meat, meat products, wine, narcotics and the women.
HALF MOONS: Over the index finger it indicates promotion and some good news. At the Saturn finger it indicates that the person shall get benefits from machinery related industry and also there is the possibility of getting money. If located over the Apollo finger it indicates that the person shall soon rise in status. Its presence over the the little finger indicates profits in business dealings. If found at the base of the thumb it indicates progress and auspiciousness.
LARGE HALF MOONS:  Its very rare to find large half Moons covering half of the nail. In such a case, it speaks of adverse effects. 
YELLOW SPOTS: Yellow spots are warning of the failure of immune system of the body and tells about death in near future. 

RED SPOTS: These are bad omens. one having such dots may be murdered in near future.
THE MOUNTS ON THE HAND
 Mounts represents the planets-heavenly bodies including the Sun and the Moon. Elevated, normal, depressed, displaced towards the fingers or the lines, towards the near mounts or towards the percussion area covered by it, shows the impact of the mount over one's luck.Though more weightage is given to the lines, yet mounts can not be ignored. There are cases, where only a few lines are visible over the hand. In such cases the significance of the mounts in addition to the shape of the hand is increased drastically. There are cases where the lines is extremely good yet the result is insignificant due to the shape of the hand and the development and position of the mounts.
SUN-APOLLO: Its  is located at the base of the finger of Apollo and over the Heart Line. This is indicative of the success-name-fame-wealth-vehicles. 
Image result for the solar system images
SUN & THE PLANETS
Prominence of Sun awards genius and fame. One may reach a very high status in life if the mount is well-developed and pink in color. Such persons are of cheerful nature and work in close co-operation with friends. Such persons are successful as Artists, Expert Musicians and Painters. They are inborn genius. They are honest in their dealings and are completely materialistic. Highly developed Mount indicates self-confidence, gentleness, kindness and grandeur.
In case the Mount is not prominent, then the person would be interested in beauty. But he would not be able to succeed in this field.
Exaggerated Mount makes one egoistic-proudy or a flatterer. He would be having friends from the lower sections. They are extravagant and quarrelsome and never succeed in life.
If the Mount is absent, then the person would be dull-foolish leading an ordinary life. 
JUPITER: Jupiter is the Guru of the demigods-deities. It shins like a star being a ball of burning gases. This ten times the size of earth. Its impact over one's character, luck is tremendous. This is situated at the base of the index finger and above the Mount of Mars. It represents devotion, potential, leadership, organisation and authority. The Mount of Jupiter is said to be very helpful in life and moves the person towards progress.
Jupiter's Great Red Spot and Ganymede's Shadow. Image Credit: NASA/ESA/A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center)
JUPITER
If the Mount of Jupiter is well developed and prominent, then such a person is said to possess godly qualities-virtues-piousness-righteousness-honesty-truthfulness-asceticism etc.Such persons try to save their self-respect. They are learned and are always prepared to help others. They don't get disturbed under difficult conditions. A Judge should possess a prominent Jupiter. Persons in authority do have this build up in their hands.
If the Mount is less prominent or under-developed, shifted, then there is a general deficiency of the above qualities of the person.Physically such persons are of ordinary body, healthy and have smiling faces. They are experts in delivering lectures.They are kind at heart. They are more inclined towards attainment of respect and good reputation rather than wealth. They have a soft corner for the opposite sex.
If the Mount is exaggerated the bearer is found to be selfish, proudy-egoistic, self centered. 
If the Mount is depressed, under developed, then there is want of self-respect in him. They get very little patronage from their parents. They are found in the company of lower-class people-bad company.
Image result for saturn images
SATURN
SATURN: This Mount has its base at the root of middle finger, just above the Line of Heart. The development of this Mount on the palm is indicative of extra-ordinary tendencies.
If the Mount is fully developed then the person is highly fortunate and rises very high in life with his own efforts. But such a person likes to remain aloof and constantly moves towards his goal. He gets totally engrossed in his work, to such an extent that he might neglects-ignore his family. By nature he may be  irritating and suspicious. Persons with prominent Mount of Saturn are Wizards, Engineers, Scientists, Literary men or Chemists.
If this Mount is exaggerated developed, then the person may commit suicide in his life (check the Line of Head which is drooping over Luna). This Mount is prominent in the hands of dacoits, cheats and robbers (check the Mount of physical Mars which is also exaggerated). The mount in such cases are yellowish or pale.
If there are more than necessary lines (fate lines, Saturn Ring or cris-cross) on the Mount then such a person is a coward and very licentious.
If the Mount is missing in the palm, then such a person's life has no importance. But he might get a special kind of success or respect in life. If the Mount is protruded ordinarily then the person has more than necessary faith in fate and shall succeed in his plans. Such persons have very few friends. This Mount is capable of granting devotion, religiosity if Saturn is worshipped on Saturdays regularly in addition to success.
An image of the planet Mercury (Reuters / NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Carnegie Institution of Washington / Handout)
MERCURY
THE MOUNT OF MERCURY: This mount is located at the root of the small finger. It shows materialistic prosperity and affluence. One with properly developed-normal Mercury, is clever and crafty. A square mark on it protects the bearer from vices.The bearer is well versed with human psychology and is expert in the art of influencing the people. One with this faculty achieves success in business, sciences, research-inventions-innovations. In case the Mercury is protruded-undeveloped, the bearer is after money and the main aim of his life is to amass wealth. He is adept in cheating and shows criminal tendencies. He do not mind breaking the law. If the Mount is absent (-rarest of rare phenomenon) in the palm of a person then the person passes his life in poverty. Exaggerated Mercury may lead to frauds, scams and financial mis appropriations-crimes.
A radar view of Venus taken by the Magellan spacecraft, with some gaps filled in by the Pioneer Venus orbiter. Credit: NASA/JPL
VENUS
THE MOUNT OF VENUS: The curved space beneath the second phalange of the thumb and the Life Line is called the Mount of Venus. Its located below the physical Mars. One with  prominent Venus recognizes the world properly and enjoys it. He is brilliant, beautiful, healthy, handsome, courageous and civilized. He able to influence others. People are attracted towards him. One with weak-undeveloped Venus would be a coward and weak-natured. Exaggerated Venus make one licentious and covet for the opposite sex. He suffer from diseases of the throat. He may not have belief-faith in God. If the Mount is absent in one's hand, then he lives the life of an ascetic and has no interest in family life. The person's life would be full of troubles and miseries.
Image result for images of mars planet
MARS-THE RED PLANET
THE MOUNT OF MARS: There are two Mars on the palm. They are known as Physical Mars and mental Mars. The Surrounded portion beneath the starting point of the Life Line and above the Mount of Venus is called the Mount of Mars. The other one-mental Mars, acquires its seat above the Luna and below the Mercury but just below the Indr Kshetr. Basically, this Mount is indicative of war. One becomes courageous, fearless and frank by the developed Mount of Mars. One with with prominent Mount of Mars is courageous, fearless and powerful. He is neither cowards nor can be subdued. He has firmness and a balance in life. Exaggerated Mars makes one a villain, tyrant and a criminal. He would be the first in all anti-social activities. If the Mount of Mars is normal and the palm is reddish in color, then the bearer shall reach greater heights in life. He gets success in life. If a cross sign is found on the Mount of Mars then the bearer shall meet his death in war or while fighting with others. If a zig-zag line is found then the person is likely to die in an accident. He can be considered as a coward if the Mount of Mars is absent in his palm.
MOUNT OF MOON-LUNA: The mount of Moon is found on the palm on the left of the Life Line and above the bracelet-rascette and below the area of Mental Mars-Neptune.Its presence makes a man imaginative, a lover of beauty and emotional.
One with developed Moon loves nature and beauty. He roams in the world of dreams-even day dreaming. There is no lack of imagination in his life. He may be a high class artists, musicians, composer, writer and man of letters. He is full of religious ideas.
Over developed Luna makes the bearer imaginative who makes castles in the air. He makes many plans but none of them is  completed. Some of which may not even start. He is very emotional.
One who has a depressed Mount of Moon may be hard-hearted and fully materialistic. Fighting-quarrel  is one of his trait.
One having zig-zag lines here shall go on voyages several times in life. Presence of a circle or cross makes one move to foreign countries for political reasons. Presence of square will provide immunity from drowning.
Exaggerated Moon makes the bearer a fickle-minded, suspicious or mad, suffering from headache all the time.
PRAJAPTI-YAM-HARSHAL: It has its area of influence over the palm between the Heart and the Head Lines i.e., the Indr Kshetr. Indr Kshetr is to grant sensualities-sexuality-passions-comforts-pleasure. Its area is a little below the little finger and the Mount of Mercury. This planet influences both the Heart and the brain. A man having this Mount below the Mount of Mercury and between the Line of Heart and the Line of Head becomes a world-famous Scientist or Mathematician. They become successful dealing with atoms, televisions and other intricate items. Here the termination of the Line of Head is important. Presence of a trident or a fork proves the vitality-versatility of the bearer. If the Line of Head continues further here till the percussion, the possessor may move abroad for further studies. How ever the elongation of the Line of Head beyond this Mount is not that good.
Beginning of the Line of Sun makes one a favorite of others, who might help him in future.
If this Mount is less prominent then such a person takes interest in the works connected with machines. He becomes famous throughout the world if the Sun Line originates form Harshal and goes towards the finger of Apollo.
MARS MENTAL-NEPTUNE: The area of this planet on the palm is below the Line of Head and above the Mount of Moon. One may becomes an eminent Musician, Poet or Writer if this Mount is very prominent. If a line is seen on this Mount and this line meets the Line of Fate a little ahead, the person gets some post of great importance. This indication shows the spouse may financially help the husband. If this line moves further and cuts the Line of Fate love will lead to estrangement. There is a probability of black mail.
Exaggerated Mount may lead to grief and his family life would be spoiled. The bearer may turn into a maniac full of suspicious and cruelty.
INDR-KSHETR PLUTO: Its the area on the palm below the Line of Heart and above the Line of Head and is situated between the Mounts of Harshal and Jupiter. This space can be clearly seen over the palm provided the bearer has both the Lines of Head and the Heart. In case both of these lines are fused into one, a simian line occurs which does not give good results.
Its influence can be seen only in the old age. If this Mount is prominent, then the person passes his old age happily. If a cross sign is found on this Mount, the person will die before th age of 45 in an accident.
If the Mount is exaggerated then the person would be rude and behave like an illiterate and prodigal and has to face many difficulties in life. He would not get any co-operation from his family and friends.
If the Mount is not developed properly, then the person would be unlucky. His nature turns irritable and troublesome.
RAHU-DRAGON'S HEAD: This is situated below the Line of Head, towards the left of the Life Line. It is surrounded by the Mounts of Moon and the Mental Mars. The Line of Fate passes through this region. Generally this region is depressed and forms a valley like structure. 
One may be fortunate if this Mount is prominent and protruded. If the Line of Fate is deeply carved and clear while passing through this region the possessor will be swayed away by the destiny. He may shine with the support of Sun Line. Properly developed Rahu with broken Line of Fate puts the bearer in to uncertainty-misfortune.
If the palm is too deep-insignificant Rahu, then the possessor would be restless and may lose all his wealth.Before coming to any conclusion other Mounts must be taken into consideration.
KETU-DRAGON'S TAIL: The place of this Mount is a little above the bracelets, dividing the Mounts of Venus and Moon and is near the starting point of the Line of Fate. In fact this is the proper place for the origin of  the Luck Line, Sun Line and the Line of Mercury. This Mount governs the child hood of the bearer.  This is slightly more developed than the Rahu. If the Mount is normal and protruded and the Line of fate is deep and clear till the Mount of Saturn along with the Sun Line, then, the  possessor would be fortunate and shall enjoy all pleasures in his lifetime. If the Mount is unusually protruded and the Line of Fate is weak then he has to experience hardships in his childhood. This region can be utilized to predict the financial state of the parents of the bearer. How ever one should work hard honestly to develop his future since its a God given opportunity to make own future.
SPACE BETWEEN FINGERS: It may be from half to one inch between the finger tips.It reveals the inborn traits-attitude of a person towards spending money: wider the space, the more generous the person is. He is more willing to part the money, he has. If the space is narrow the person is either miser or very cautious in spending the wealth, he possesses. One can conclude the nature of the bearer by comparing the two hands. If both of them have the same pattern, it can be declared quite comfortably. A larger spread between the middle and ring fingers is sure to say that the possessor is a generous person.
TEMPTATION AND EMBEZZLEMENT: One succumbs to the temptation of petty thefts quite easily. He has the opportunity and he quickly pilfer unattended money or products. He is able to justify his actions to him self and become convinced that he has done nothing wrong. He might be a respected person-decent citizen-employee, with good records and prospects. His Mercury-baby finger has a strong bend towards the ring finger. The twist shows the temptation for quick emotional gratification. His thumb is either poorly developed or shows a broken will. A well developed thumb can counteract almost any negative characteristics found on the hands. One will be at his worst if the mercury is exaggerated. If these traits are present, he just need the opportunity to become an embezzler.

LOGIC-REASONING VS INTUITION: One often find it difficult to come to the conclusion, unable to decide what is right or wrong for him! The tip of the thumb governs the intuition or Gut Instinct. The second phalanx-middle section, shows the development of the logical mind. The fist and second phalanges of the thumb may have one or more horizontal lines which divides them into blocks or segments. One may not have even a single line over the fist or the second phalange. If the middle section has several horizontal lines, logic often losses its trust worthiness. In that case if there is a conflict between the thought and the impulse-feelings one should give weightage to the intuition. If the first phalanx shows horizontal lines then one has to trust the logic. Several vertical lines crossing one of the phalanges, indicate that the blind spot had been overcome, successfully by the native.
FLEXIBLE THUMB: The flexibility of the 1st knuckle of the thumb reveals how adaptable a person is to new situations and environments. In some cases the thumb is so flexible that it bends back beyond a 90 degree angle. This extreme flexibility is most visible when holding a pen for writing.
The greater the flexibility of the knuckle, the more adaptable the person is. In cases where the thumb will bend far back on itself, the individual will quickly and easily adjust to any new environment in which they find them self. They will not stop to first consider whether the change is beneficial or harmful - their love of new experiences is stronger than their good judgement.
This class of person will quickly outperform their peers, regardless of the morality of their actions. For this reason, owners of extremely flexible thumbs must exercise caution in choosing their friends. If associated with a group of philanthropists, they will improve more lives than their peers. If with a group of voluptuaries, they will exceed all others in their debauch.
EXTENDED INDEX FINGER: Some hand positions show a constructive mental outlook, while other positions reveal a destructive mental focus. The most destructive hand position is when the index finger alone is extended. Most often the finger is pointed at another person, and is waved or shaken at them.
The Index Finger represents the Ego. By extending only the one finger and waving it about, the subject is directing only self-centered, egotistical thought patterns and behavior.
If one find his own index finger being pointed and shaken at another, he should be aware that his current attitude is judgmental and egocentric. He should become aware that what he dislike in others reflects patterns that he himself is is guilty of.
GETTING RID OF HEADACHES THROUGH RELAXATION: To Alleviate Headaches- Massage the Thumbs. Start at the pad on the tip of the thumb and gently massage all over the 1st phalanx. Locate any points which feel sore and rub these spots thoroughly. 
If your headache still persists after massaging the 1st phalanx, move to the second phalanx and repeat the process. If necessary, also rub the web of the thumb and the metacarpal bone.
Headaches centered around the eyes will also require massaging of the index and middle fingers. Headaches centered around the ears will need additional rubbing of the ring and baby fingers. If the headache is on the right side, concentrate the treatment on the right hand. For headaches on the left side, use the left hand.
GETTING RID OF NECK TENSION: Rotate the Thumbs. After massaging the thumbs rotate them gently to each side several times on both knuckles.
GETTING RID OF LOWER BACK PAIN: To Alleviate Pain in the Lower Back-Massage the Wrists. The center of the wrist on the palm side contains the reflex point for the lower back. Gently massage both wrists with the opposite thumb, about 5 minutes per wrist. Repeat the massage at least twice per day for optimum results.
GETTING RID OF SWOLLEN GLANDS: Massage the Base of Each Finger. In between each finger at the base is a reflexology point for the upper lymph nodes. If your glands are swollen, at least one (and probably all) of these points will be painful to the touch. Massaging all 4 of the points will bring relief almost immediately.

The four points are at the very base of each finger within the webbing of the skin. There is one between the thumb and index finger, another between the index and middle finger. Remember that each point is found within the webbing between the digits.