राम भक्त हनुमान
Maa Anjana was an Apsara (-divine woman figure in heaven) who took birth on earth due to a curse. She was redeemed from this curse on her giving birth to a son. Kesri was the son of Dev Guru Vrahaspati. Kesri also fought on Ram's side in the war against Ravan. Anjana and Kesri performed intense prayers to Bhagwan Shiv to get a child. Pleased with their devotion, Bhagwan Shiv granted them the boon, they sought. Hanuman, is the incarnation or reflection of Bhagwan Shiv himself.
Vayu's role in Hanuman's birth: Hanuman is the son of the deity Vayu-Pawan Dev. When Anjana was worshiping Bhagwan Shiv, the King Dashrath of Ayodhya was also performing the ritual of Putrkam-Putryeshthi Yagy, with the help and expertise of Shrang Rishi, to have children. Agni Dev appeared with sacred pudding (-खीर) to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Ram, Laxman, Bharat, Shtrughan and a daughter. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding and dropped it, while flying over the forest, where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it. By Shiv's blessings, Vayu transferred his male energy-sperms preserved since Mohini Avtar, to Anjana's womb.
Narad got infatuated with a princess, went to Bhagwan Vishnu, to make him look like him-Hari mukh (-his face identical to him i.e., Hari-Vishnu हरी-विष्णु and mukh, मुख, face, Hari stands for Vanar as well). He wanted the princess to garland him at the Swayamvar (-स्वयंवर, husband-choosing-selection ceremony). Vishnu instead bestowed him with the face of a Vanar. Unaware of this, Narad went to the princess, who burst into laughter at the sight of his ape like face before all the king's court. Narad, unable to bear the humiliation, cursed Bhagwan Vishnu, that he would one day be dependent upon the Vanars, unaware of the fact that it was a pre planned episode-design. Bhagwan Vishnu consoled and explained Narad Ji that what he had done was for his own sake-benefit, as he would have undermined his own powers had he entered matrimony. Upon hearing this, Narad repented for cursing his idol. Though the Almighty is not affected by any curse, yet he accepted it happily. Bhagwan Vishnu told him not repent as the curse would act as a boon, for it would lead to the birth of Hanuman, an avatar-incarnation of Bhagwan Shiv, without whose help Ram (-Vishnu's avatar) could not kill Ravan.
|Hanuman Ji and his mother Anjana, |
at the Anjani Mata temple, Chomu.
There appears to be a conflict between the same event to have taken place at different places according to Purans. One must remember that these events happen in cyclic order like the beads of a rosary, coming back to the same place after counting up to 108. So, there is no contradiction as the same event occured with slightly different characters and the location.
दो प्रहर बाद सूर्योदय होते ही उन्हें भूख लगी। माता अञ्जनी फल लाने गई थीं।
Hanuman Ji looked at the Sun and thought it was a ripe mango and flew towards it to eat it. Hanuman Ji pursued it in order to eat it. Rahu-a demon who could drink a few drops of Amrat, (-planet corresponding to an eclipse), was at that time seeking out the Sun as well and he clashed with Hanuman. Hanuman thrashed Rahu and went to take Sun in his mouth. Rahu approached Indr, king of Devs-deities and complained that a monkey child stopped him from taking on Sun, preventing the scheduled eclipse. This enraged Indr, who responded by throwing the Vajr (-thunderbolt) at Hanuman, which struck his jaw. He fell back down on the earth and became unconscious. A permanent mark was left on his chin (-हनुः hanu-jaw), due to impact of Vajr, explaining his name. Upset over the attack, Hanuman's father figure Vayu Dev (-deity of air) went into seclusion, withdrawing air along with him. As living beings began to asphyxiate, Indr withdrew the effect of his thunderbolt. The Devs then revived Hanuman and blessed him with multiple boons to appease Vayu.
Manoj Vam (-मनोज वम): As swift as mind.
Maarut Tuly Vegam (-मरुत तुल्य वेगम्): One who possesses the speed equal to the wind-the deity of air (-appears in Ram Raksha Strotr).
Jitendriyam (-जितेन्द्रियं): One who has absolute control over senses, sensualities, sexuality, passions, preserver of chastity.
Buddhimataamvarishtham (बुद्धिमतांवरिष्ठतम्): Senior most among intellectuals.
On the advice of Dev Rishi Narad Hanuman Ji decided to seek learning from Bhagwan Sury Narayan. He requested Bhagwan Sury to accept him as a disciple-student. Sury refused and explained that he was always moving in his chariot making it difficult to impart education. Undeterred, Hanuman Ji enlarged his form, adjusting his body into an orbit around the Sun with one leg on the eastern ranges-horizon and the other on the western ranges and pleaded again facing Sury. Pleased by his persistence, Sury agreed. Hanuman learnt all the 64 disciplines of knowledge. Hanuman Ji requested Sury to quote his guru-dakshina (-teacher's fee, remuneration), Sury Bhagwan politely refused, saying that the pleasure of teaching one as dedicated as him was the fee in itself. Hanuman Ji insisted, whereupon Sury asked him to help his spiritual son Sugriv. Hanuman's choice of Sury as his teacher is said to signify Sury as a Karm Sakshi, an eternal witness of all deeds. Hanuman Ji Maha Raj later became Sugreev's minister.
भगवान् राम ने सुग्रीव का किष्किन्धा के राज्य सिंहासन पर अभिषेक किया। चौमासा समाप्त होते ही वानर सेना ने दक्षिण की और प्रस्थान किया। माता की खोज में वानरों का एक दल दक्षिण समुद्र तट पर पहुँचा। इतने विशाल सागर को लाँघने की शक्ति और सामर्थ किसी में नहीं थी। ब्रह्मा जी के पुत्र जामवन्त ने हनुमान जी को उनकी अदभुत शक्तियों का स्मरण कराया। गृद्ध जटायु के बड़े भाई और ब्रह्मा जी पुत्र सम्पाति ने ऊँची उड़ान भरी और उन्होंने माता सीता को रावण की लँका में अशोक वाटिका में बैठा पाया। इसके सुचना उन्होंने तत्काल जाम्बन्त जी को दी। अपनी शक्तियों का स्मरण होते ही हनुमान ने अपना रूप विस्तार किया और पवन-वेग से सागर को उड़ कर पार करने लगे। रास्ते में उन्हें एक पर्वत मिला और उसने हनुमान से आग्रह किया कि वे थोड़ा विश्राम कर लें। हनुमान जी ने किन्चित मात्र भी समय व्यर्थ ना करते हुए पर्वतराज को धन्यवाद किया और आगे बढ़ चले। आगे चलकर उन्हें माँ सुरसा मिलीं, जिन्होंने हनुमान जी को कहा कि अगर आगे जाना है तो उन्हें माँ सुरसा के मुख में प्रवेश करना होगा। हनुमान ने उस चुनौती को स्वीकार किया और बड़ी ही चतुराई से अति लघुरूप धारण करके सुरसा के मुख में प्रवेश करके बाहर आ गये। माता सुरसा ने उन्हें आशीर्वाद दिया कि उन्हें अपने कार्य में सफलता हासिल हो। हनुमान जी ने बुद्धिमता की परीक्षा में निपुणता सिद्ध कर दी थी।
Bhagwan Shri Ram introduced himself and Laxman Ji, to the Brahman, who identified himself as Hanuman and prayed to Shri Ram by prostrating him self over the earth-ground. Bhagwan immediately embraced him warmly. Hanuman Ji accompanied Shri Ram to Sugreev leading to friendship and alliance between them. Bhagwan Shri Ram killed Bali and appointed Sugreev as the king of Kishkindha establishing his honour. All the deities, Devs took incarnation as Vanars from their respective forms-fractions-quantum to assist Bhagwan Shri Ram.
Many teams of Vanars were formed and sent all over the earth. In the mean while Choumasa-rainy season चौमासा passed and Bhagwan Ram encountered Jatayu, Bhagwan Brahma's son, who fought a loosing battle with Ravan. Jatayu informed Bhagwan Ram that it was Ravan, who had abducted Mata Sita to Shri Lanka. He was an ardent devotee of Shri Ram. Jatayu's elder brother Sampati reached the spot and surveyed the periphery of the ocean informing them of the presence of Mata Sita in Lanka.
The Vanars headed for sea shore. Upon encountering the vast ocean, every Vanar began to lament his inability to jump across vast ocean. Hanuman Ji too saddened at the possible failure of his mission, until the other Vanars and the wise bear Jamvant-Brahma's son, began to extol his virtues. Hanuman Ji immediately remembered everything and recollected all his powers. He enlarged his body and flew across the ocean. On his way, he encountered a mountain which raised from the sea, proclaiming that it owed his father a debt and asked him to rest for a while, before proceeding further. Hanuman Ji thanked the mountain, touched it and moved further. He encountered Maan Sursa, who challenged him to enter her mouth. Hanuman Ji outwitted her by assuming smallest size entered her mouth and came out swiftly, immediately. She praised Hanuman Ji of wisdom and blessed him with success in his mission. He encountered Singhika, a Rakshasi-demoness and reached Lanka.
हनुमान सागर पार करके लंका पँहुचे और लंका की शोभा और सुन्दरता देखकर दंग रह गये। और उनके मन में इस बात का दुःख भी हुआ कि रावण के कारण भव्य लंका का तहस-नहस हो जायेगी।गृद्धराज सम्पाती के बताये गये स्थल पर उन्होंने अशोक-वाटिका में माता सीता को देखा। उन्होंने राम नाम का उच्चारण किया और माँ के समक्ष प्रस्तुत हुए और भगवान् राम के अनुचर के रूप में अपना परिचय दिया। उन्होंने माता को विश्वास दिलाने के लिये चूड़ामणि माँ को दी जो कि प्रस्थान के समय प्रभु राम ने उन्हीं सौंपी थी। उन्होंने माता सीता को सांत्वना दी और साथ ही वापस प्रभु श्रीराम के पास साथ चलने का आग्रह भी किया। मगर माता सीता ने ये कहकर अस्वीकार कर दिया कि ऐसा होने पर श्रीराम के पुरुषार्थ् को ठेस पँहुचेगी। हनुमान ने माता सीता को प्रभु श्री राम के सन्देश का ऐसे वर्णन किया जैसे कोई महान ज्ञानी लोगों को ईश्वर की महानता के बारे में बताता है।
Enraged, Ravan ordered Hanuman's execution, whereupon Ravan's brother Vibhishan-a stout devotee of Bhagwan Ram, intervened, pointing out that it would be against the rules of diplomacy-engagement to kill a messenger. Ravan then ordered Hanuman's tail be lit afire, since the Vanars had a lot of love for their tail. As Ravan's forces attempted to wrap cloth around his tail, Hanuman began to lengthen it. After frustrating them for a while, he allowed it to ignited and escaped from his captors. With his tail on fire he burnt down large parts of Lanka. After extinguishing his flaming tail in the sea, he returned to Ram.माता सीता से मिलने के पश्चात, हनुमान प्रतिशोध लेने के लिये लंका को तहस-नहस करने लगे। उनको बंदी बनाने के लिये रावण पुत्र मेघनाद (-इन्द्रजीत) ने ब्रह्मास्त्र का प्रयोग किया। ब्रह्मा जी का सम्मान करते हुए हनुमान ने स्वयं को ब्रह्मास्त्र के बन्धन में बंधने दिया। उन्होंने विचार किया कि इस अवसर का लाभ उठाकर वो लंका के विख्यात रावण से मिल भी लेंगे और उसकी शक्ति का अनुमान भी लगा लेंगे। इन्हीं सब बातों को सोचकर हनुमान जी ने स्वयं को रावण के समक्ष बंदी बनकर उपस्थित होने दिया। जब उन्हें रावण के समक्ष लाया गया तो उन्होंने रावण को प्रभु श्रीराम का चेतावनी भरा सन्देश सुनाया और साथ ही यह भी कहा कि यदि रावण माता सीता को आदर-पूर्वक प्रभु श्रीराम को लौटा देगा तो प्रभु उसे क्षमा कर देंगे।
क्रोध मे आकर रावण ने हनुमान जी को मृत्यु दंड देने का आदेश दिया; मगर रावण के छोटे भाई विभीषण ने ये कहकर बीच-बचाव किया कि एक दूत को मारना आचार संहिता व कूट नीति के विरुद्ध है। रावण ने कहा कि वानर को अपनी पूँछ बहुत प्रिय होती है। अतः उसने हनुमान जी की पूँछ में आग लगाने का आदेश दे दिया। रावण के सैनिक जब हनुमान जी की पूँछ में कपड़ा लपेट रहे थे तभी हनुमान जी ने अपनी पूँछ को बढ़ाना प्रारम्भ कर दिया और सैनिकों को कुछ समय तक परेशान करने के पश्चात पूँछ में आग लगाने का अवसर दे दिया। पूँछ में आग लगते ही हनुमान ने बन्धन मुक्त होकर लँका को जलाना शुरु कर दिया और अंत में पूँछ में लगी आग को समुद्र में जाकर बुझाया और प्रभु श्री राम के पास लौटकर उन्होंने सारा वृतान्त सुनाया।
Hanuman Ji utilized the powers granted to him by the deities to enlarge or shrink his body at will. He acquired shape and size much larger than the path of rotation of Sun to seek knowledge from him as a Guru. As a matter of fact, he possessed all these powers, since his birth, when he jumped into the sky to capture Sun considering to be a ripe mango fruit. He entered the mouth of Sursa and came out diminishing himself to the size of an insect. He turned his body microscopically small to enter Lanka before killing Lankini, the she-demon guarding the gates of Lanka. He contracted himself to the size of a cat, to search the palaces of Ravan. He took the size of a mountain to defeat the Mayavi-illusionary powers, effects of demons. He resented himself as a timid Vanar before Maa Sita in Ashok Vatika, though blazing with radiance. He achieved this shape-shifting by the powers of two siddhis: Anima and Garima bestowed upon him in his childhood by Sun-Sury Narayan.
When Laxman was severely wounded during the battle against Ravan, by Indr Jeet, Hanuman was sent to fetch the Sanjeevni booty, a powerful life-restoring herb, from Dron Giri-mountain in the Himalayas, to revive him. Ravan realised that if Laxman died, distraught Ram would probably give up and so he dispatched the sorcerer Kal Nemi to intercept Hanuman Ji. Kal Nemi, in the guise of a sage, deceived Hanuman Ji, but Hanuman uncovered his plot with the help of an Apsara, whom he rescued from her accursed state as a crocodile. [Kal Nemi took simultaneous births as Kans and thereafter as Emperor Aurangzeb.]
Ravan, upon learning that Kal Nemi had been slain by Hanuman, summoned Sury Bhagwan to rise before its appointed time because the physician Sushen had said that Laxman would perish if untreated by daybreak. Hanuman Ji realized the danger, however and, becoming many times his normal size, detained the Sun to prevent the break of day. He then resumed his search for the precious herb, but, when he found himself unable to identify-recognize which herb it was, he lifted the entire mountain.
As he was crossing over Ayodhya, Bharat, Ram's young brother, saw him and assumed that some Rakshas was taking that mountain to attack Ayodhya. Bharat shot Hanuman with an arrow, which was engraved with Ram's name. Hanuman Ji did not stop this arrow as it had Ram's name written on it and it injured his leg. Hanuman Ji landed and explained to Bharat that he was moving the mountain to save his own brother, Laxman. Bharat, felt very sorry and offered to fire an arrow to Lanka, which Hanuman could ride in order to reach his destination more easily. But Hanuman declined the offer, preferring to fly on his own and he continued his journey with his injured leg. Hanuman Ji was nick named Langda Veer (-लँगड़ा योद्धा); Langda in Hindi means limping and Veer means brave.
Hanuman released Sury from his grip and asked for forgiveness, as Sun Bhagwan was his Guru. He reached Lanka before day break and delivered the mountain to Sushen in the battlefield. Sushen identified and administered the herb and Laxman was saved-revived. Ram embraced Hanuman, declaring him as dear to him as his own brother.
Ravan perceived his defeat and ordered his brother Ahiravan to abduct Ram and Laxman from the battle field to Patal. Ram and Laxman were captured by Ahiravan, who held them captive in their palace in Patal-the netherworld. Ahiravan kept them as offerings to his deity. Searching for them, Hanuman reached Patal, the gates of which are guarded by a young creature called Makar Dhwaj, who was partially a reptile and partially a Vanar.
When Hanuman Ji extinguished his burning tail in the ocean, a drop of his sweat fell into the waters swallowed by a fish who gave birth to Makar Dhwaj. Makar Dhwaj, perceived Hanuman Ji Maharaj as his father. When Hanuman Ji introduced himself to Makar Dhwaj, the latter asked his blessings.
Upon entering Patal, Hanuman Ji discovered that to kill Ahiravan, he must simultaneously extinguish five lamps burning in different directions. Hanuman assumed the Panch Mukh or five-faced form of Shri Varah facing north, Shri Narasimha facing south, Shri Garud facing west, Shri Haygreev facing the sky and his own facing the east and blew off the lamps. Hanuman Ji then rescued Ram and Laxman. Bhagwan Ram crowned Makar Dhwaj to the throne of Patal. Hanuman then instructed Makar Dhwaj to rule Patal with justice and wisdom.
Hanuman's original face in the East: Removes all blemishes of sin and confers purity of mind.
Narasimha South: Removes fear of enemies and confers victory. Narasimha is the Lion-Man avatar of Bhagwan Vishnu, who took the form to protect his devotee Prahlad from his evil father, Hirany Kashipu.
Garud West: Drives away evil spells, black magic influences, negative spirits and removes all poisonous effects in one's body. Garud is Bhagwan Vishnu's vehicle, as the King of birds; he knows the secrets of death and the beyond.
Varah North: Wards off the troubles caused by bad influences of the planets and confers all eight types prosperity (-Asht Aeshwary-Siddhi). Varah was Bhagwan Vishnu avatar, to rescue earth. Hanuman Ji took this form to dug up mountain having Sanjeevni booty.
Hay Greev Upwards-Urddh Mukh: Confers knowledge, victory, good wife and progeny. These faces show that there is nothing in the world which does not come under the influence of any of the five faces, symbolic of his all around security to all devotees. This also signifies vigilance and control over the five directions: North, South, East, West and the upward direction-The Zenith.
This face removes all blemishes of sin and confers purity of mind.
Removes fear of enemies and confers victory. Narasimha is the Lion-Man avatar of Bhagwan Vishnu, who took the form to protect his devotee Prahlad from his evil father, Hirany Kashipu. Shri Hanuman may have had this face during the burning of Lanka and fighting in the war.
Drives away evil spells, black magic influences, negative spirits and removes all poisonous effects in one's body. Garud is Bhagwan Vishnu's vehicle, as the King of birds he knows the secrets of death and the beyond. The Garud
Purana is a Hindu text based on this knowledge.
Wards off the troubles caused by bad influences of the planets and confers all eight types prosperity (Asht Aeshwary). Varah is another Bhagwan Vishnu avatar, he took this form and dug up land, Shri Hanuman may have had this face whilst collecting the Sanjeevni mountain.
(Urddh Mukh) face confers knowledge, victory, good wife and progeny.
|Ram Sita in Hanuman's heart.|
WEAPONS: The weapons are a Parshu, a Khanda, a Chakr, a Dhal, a Gada-mace, a Trishul, a Kumbh, a Katar, a plate filled with blood and again a big Gada.
|41 meters high Hanuman|
monument at Yerravaram,
|Hanuman temple, Nurawa|
After reigning for 10,000 years, the time arrived for Shri Ram to depart to his supreme abode Vaekunth. Many of Ram's entourage, including Sugriv, decided to depart with him. Hanuman Ji, however, requested Ram that he will remain on earth as long as Ram's name was venerated by people. Maa Sita accorded Hanuman that desire and granted that his image would be installed at various public places, so that he could listen to people chanting Ram's name. He is one of the immortals (-Chiranjivi).
प्रभु श्रीराम की रावण के ऊपर विजय प्राप्त करने के पश्चात ईश्वर की आराधना के लिये हनुमान जी हिमालय पर चले गये थे। वहाँ जाकर उन्होंने पर्वत शिलाओं पर अपने नाखून से रामायण की रचना की जिसमें उन्होनें प्रभु श्री राम के कर्मों का उल्लेख किया था। कुछ समयो परांत जब महर्षि वाल्मिकी हनुमानजी को अपने द्वारा रची गई रामायण दिखाने पहुँचे तो उन्होंने हनुमानजी द्वारा रचित रामायण भी देखी। उसे देखकर वाल्मिकी थोड़े निराश हो गये तो हनुमान ने उनसे उनकी निराशा का कारण पूछा तो महर्षि बोले कि उन्होने कठोर परिश्रम के पश्चात जो रामायण रची है वो हनुमान की रचना के समक्ष कुछ भी नहीं है अतः आने वाले समय में उनकी रचना उपेक्षित रह जायेगी। ये सुनकर हनुमान ने रामायण रचित पर्वत शिला को एक कन्धे पर उठाया और दूसरे कन्धे पर महर्षि वाल्मिकी को बिठा कर समुद्र के पास गये और स्वयं द्वारा की गई रचना को राम को समर्पित करते हुए समुद्र में समा दिया। तभी से हनुमान द्वारा रची गई हनुमद रामायण उपलब्ध नहीं है।तदुपरांत महर्षि वाल्मिकी ने कहा कि तुम धन्य हो हनुमान, तुम्हारे जैसा कोई दूसरा नहीं है और साथ ही उन्होंने ये भी कहा कि वो हनुमान की महिमा का गुणगान करने के लिये एक जन्म और लेंगे। इस बात को उन्होने अपनी रचना के अंत मे कहा भी है।
During Maha Bharat, Arjun entered the battlefield with a flag displaying Hanuman Ji-Kapi Pataka on his chariot. The incident that led to this was an earlier encounter between Hanuman Ji and Arjun, wherein Hanuman Ji appeared as a small talking monkey before Arjun at Rameshwaram, where Ram had built the great bridge to cross over to Lanka to rescue Mata Sita. Upon Arjun's wondering aloud at Ram's taking the help of monkeys rather than building a bridge of arrows, Hanuman Ji challenged him to build a bridge capable of bearing him alone; Arjun, unaware of the Vanar's virtues and true identity, accepted. Hanuman Ji then proceeded to repeatedly destroy the bridges made by Arjun, who decided to take his own life. Bhagwan Shri Krashn smiled and placed his divine discus-Sudarshan Chakr beneath the bridge and this time Hanuman could no longer break it. Bhagwan Vishnu appeared before them both, after originally coming in the form of a tortoise, chiding Arjun for his vanity and Hanuman for making Arjun feel incompetent. As an act of penitence, Hanuman decided to help Arjun by stabilising and strengthen his chariot during the imminent great battle-Maha Bharat. Arjun had to face Bhishm Pitamah who had maintained his chastity through out his life. So, it became essential to ward off the power of Bhishm Pitamah by countering him with Hanuman Ji Maharaj, After, the battle of Kurukshetr was over, Bhagwan Shri Krashn asked Arjun, to step down the chariot before him. As soon as Arjun got down, Shri Krashn followed him and thanked Hanuman Ji for staying with them during the whole fight in the form of a flag on the chariot. Hanuman Ji came in his original form, bowed to Shri Krashn and left the flag, flying away into the sky. As soon as he left the flag, the chariot began to burn and turned into ashes. Arjun was shocked to see this. Bhagwan Shri Krashn told Arjun, that the only reason that his chariot was still standing was because of the presence of Himself and Hanuman, otherwise, it would have burnt many days ago due to effects of celestial weapons thrown at it, in the war.
MAHA KAPI: The Great Monkey
The Himalay-the great mountain range in India, has always been known for its fascinating varieties of flora and fauna. Furthermore, the manifold varieties of flora are known not only for their riches for medicinal purposes, but also for their flavor. A river flowed through this beautiful place. It had some great fruit trees, which supported the monkeys of that region through out the year. Their exceedingly sweet flavor, lovely hue and fragrance, could attract any one. Their taste was as good honey. No man had ever seen or noticed them before. One of such trees had grown at the bank of the serpentine river. Soon it turned into the abode of several monkeys. Mahatma Buddh-Bodhitsv, in one of his earlier incarnation was born as the king of those monkeys. He was much larger in size than his followers and was more compassionate and virtuous than others.
He noticed that a branch of the tree had grown just over the stream. He became cautious as its fruits might drop in the stream. Its fruits could soon reach man's world, bringing them to their abode. He instructed the monkeys not to let any fruit grow on that branch. Somehow, one fruit was left out. That fruit in course of time ripened and developed its fine colour, taste, smell and softness and became loose in its stalk. Ultimately, it dropped into the stream. Being carried down by the stream it was stuck in the net-work of a fence of a king, who was having fun with his women there. The delightful and delicious aroma of the fruit soon spread all over the place.
Its odour was quite different from the women’s perfumes and other cosmetics, decorative flowers and garlands or from the intoxicating drinks. It, however, charmed every visitor there. Bewitched with the smell of the fruits the women enjoyed its prolonged inhalations with half-shut eyes. The king, too, was charmed. So, they rolled their eyes all around to look for the source of the fragrance and finally detected it stuck in a net. The fruit was unique for its color and odor; size and shape; and texture that no man had ever seen or heard before. The king tasted it found it, un parallel. It was unique, nourishing, tasty and energetic. He ordered his men to locate the tree in and around the river-bank, which bore the fruit. The tree laden with such luscious and delicious fruits was discovered soon. When they saw the monkeys enjoying those fruits, which their king wanted to have so eagerly, they attacked the monkeys mercilessly with volleys of arrows.
To protect him self from the royal soldiers Maha Kapi jumped to a mountain peak. Other monkeys could not copy him. There, in order to save his friends, he seized a strong rooted tall cane with his legs and bending it towards the tree, jumped back and caught hold of the branch of the tree. He then called upon the other monkeys to use him as a bridge to jump upon the mountain peak, to safety. Taking advantage of the situation all the monkeys jumped on the mountain and darted away quickly. He was terribly bruised and injured by being trampled by his mates when acting as a bridge for them. Soon he swooned. The king watched the flight of the monkeys and also the plight of the monkey king. He was greatly moved by the exemplification of such insight; courage, valour and sacrifice, which an animal had just displayed to save the lives of his subjects.
Maha Kapi soon regained consciousness. The king asked him to explain as to why did he endangered his life to save his subjects, who were rather meant to serve or sacrifice. Like a guru, Maha Kapi described to the king that a king has to be the protector-representing Bhagwan Vishnu and not the master. He is to serve his subjects. I just performed my duty. Its over now. He prayed to the Almighty, paid his obeisances, thanked for the opportunity to serve his subjects and left for heavenly abode, in peace-tranquillity and solace.