Saturday, April 27, 2013

YOG: (KARM, GYAN-SANKHY-ENLIGHTENMENT, DIVINITY-BHAKTI & PRANAYAM) योग: कर्म,ज्ञान-सांख्य,भक्ति,प्राणायाम.

YOG :: (KARM, GYAN-SANKHY-ENLIGHTENMENT, DIVINITY-BHAKTI & PRANAYAM) योग: कर्म, ज्ञान-सांख्य,भक्ति,प्राणायाम 
  CONCEPTS & EXTRACTS IN HINDUISM By:: Pt. Santosh Kumar Bhardwaj  
santoshkipathshala.blogspot.com   santoshsuvichar.blogspot.com    santoshkathasagar.blogspot.com bhartiyshiksha.blogspot.com   hindutv.wordpress.com   bhagwatkathamrat.wordpress.com
KARM YOG कर्म योग 
From the first breath in the womb until the last breath, the human body works, Karm  is associated with it. Respiration-heart beat, functions of brain, movement etc. are Karm.
 मोक्ष प्राप्ति हेतु आठ प्रकार के आत्म गुण  8-PREREQUISITES-ESSENTIALS FOR SALVATION
Photo
Exerts from Matsy Puran:: (1). समस्त प्राणियों पर दया करना। Pity-mercy on all creatures-organisms.
(2). क्षमा  Pardon
(3). दुःख से पीड़ित प्राणी को आश्वासन प्रदान करना और उसकी रक्षा करना। To assure the worried-pained and protect him.
(4). जगत में किसी से ईर्षा द्वेष  न करना। Not to have envy-anonymity-enmity with any one.
(5).बाह्य  व आन्तरिक पवित्रता। External and internal purity-cleanliness.
(6). परिश्रम रहित अथवा अनायास प्राप्त हेतु कार्यों के अवसर पर उन्हें मांगलिक आचार- व्यवहार के द्वारा संपन्न करना।  Events which do not involve labor or occasions which are obtained-comes up instantly, should be celebrated with auspicious rituals-Mantr-Shloks.
(7). अपने द्वारा उपार्जित द्रव्यों से दीन दुखियों की सहायता करते समय क्रपणता न  बरतना।  Not to hold back, while helping the poor-down trodden, with the earned by own labor-efforts.
(8). पराये धन और पराई स्त्री के प्रति सदा  निस्पृह रहना। To remain aloof from with others wealth and women.
ये कर्म योग ज्ञान योग के साधन हैं। कर्म योग के बिना ज्ञान की प्राप्ति नहीं होती। These deeds -Karm Yog are the means of Gyan Yog. Gyan Yog can not be achieved-attained without Karm Yog.
Karm Yogi utilizes the material objects (body) for the welfare of mankind and gets detached. He utilize the human body as a vehicle to Salvation.
One should perform Karm as per dictates of Shashtr (-scriptures) i.e., Vern-Ashram Dharm, Nature and Situation (-adverse-favorable), by deserting desires,affections, attachments,(-passions, sensualities  and maintaining calm, cool, balance of mind  in failure, as well as success.
(Extract source: Shri Mad Devi Bhagwat Puran)
Karm-deeds are of three types:
1. Accumulated deeds constitute of Satvik, Rajsik, and Tamsik Karm, done in many- many previous births, as and when the individual took birth as a human being. Auspicious-inauspicious, virtues-sins, have to be under gone in the form of illness, diseases, physical defects, gratification-suffering, pleasure- pain, fulfillment sexual desires, loss-gains etc. The impact of accumulated deeds, show off as per the dictates of Vidhata (Brahma) and Dharm (-Son of Sun). They do not vanish in millions of births-Kalps without being faced. There is no way out. One has to face them.
2. Deeds of the present-current birth also interact simultaneously. They, by the grace of God may nullify-strengthen, the punishment/rewards/fruits of accumulated deeds.
3. Predestined deeds are the ones, which the organism is facing or is going to face, in order to vanish, them. One should be ready to face them without hesitation, happily, smiling. One should be cautious enough, not to generate a new chain of deeds.
Reason behind birth-rebirth is the creation of new chain of deeds, without eliminating the previous ones. Once the sum total of all these deeds is zero, the organism will not take birth.

The body, its various organs, senses, systems and the devotee’s efforts, actions, gestures, passions, and sensualities constitute this methodology. When devotee seeks help from the God or is patronized by the God, in his efforts as a major contributor, then everything turns divine, including his faith. It does not consider any one to be bad. Don’t have ill will for any one. Don’t do evil of others.
Karmfal is composed of auspicious and inauspicious, desired and the undesired. No activity can be performed in isolation or water tight compartments. It always has strings attached with it, as a result of which the Karmfal also appears in composed manner i.e., comfort-discomfort, pleasure-pain, joy-worries. Pleasures, the desired, are accompanied by undesired worries, pain, fears, sorrow, grief, anxiety, unease etc. Karmfal simultaneously works, in the present incarnation as well.
Humans, Demi-Gods, Demons, Giants, Yaksh, Gandarvbh, Kinner (-impotent), Serpents  Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh, Indr etc. etc. are all governed by destiny by the dictates of Karm.
Any one, who is blessed with super human power, majesty, might, wealth, grandeur, strength, enlightenment, good luck, who make donations-charity, pardon is considered as a component of The Almighty.
One, who is not a component of Rudr can’t worship Rudr (-Mahesh, Shiv).
One who does not possess the component of the God can’t donate food-grain.
One who is not a component of Vishnu can’t become a king.
No creature/living being is free. He is always under the control of Vidhata (-Divinity) and to face birth-rebirth, pain-pleasure, against his will/wish involuntarily.
The mentality/tendency of the population depends upon the effect-impact of time (-Kal).
In, Saty Yug people are religious, dutiful. They abide by the Dharm. People are sent to divine abodes on the basis of their auspicious-virtuous-pious deeds.
In, Treta Yug, people are religious and believe in attainment of God in addition to acquisition of wealth (-essential for carrying out religious activities). Truth, charity, donations, pity, pardon, one wife and equanimity with all creatures are the common religious practices.
Religious practices in Treta and Dwaper are the same as Sat Yug.
In, Dwaper Yug, people are possessive about Dharm, Arth, Kam (-Religion-attainment of God-Goodness, Wealth and sexuality, sensuality-passions).
During Kal Yug, whole population is attached with Arth-earning money by fair means, some by foul means and others by both fair and foul means. Their sexual desires, sensuality  passions are un- limited, un- controlled and indecent. Sinners find their abode in Hell. They reside there till the change of Yug takes place and take birth on earth as humans.
After the end of Dwaper and beginning of Kal Yug all sinners of hell are reborn on earth.
Kal Yug is dominated by Asat and the behavior of the population shows its impact in the form of falsehood, un- religiousness, un-righteousness, bad, untrue, unreal, unfounded, nonexistent practices.
Due to the divine wish/will, sometimes inter changes do occur in the birth-rebirth cycles.
The saints, sages, ascetics of Kal Yug take birth in Dwaper, of Dwaper in Treta and those of Treta, in Saty Yug.
The sinners, un- virtuous people of Sat Yug take birth in Kal Yug.
All the four Yug co- exist at one or the other place on earth at the same time. Impact of the current/present Yug is reflected by the majority of population.
The human incarnation of soul is the main source of enlightenment, science, new ventures, researches, progress, ascetic practices, Karm, Mukti, Bhakti, Yog, Salvation and Permanand.
Anyone, who is unable to recognize-identify the Permatma in his inner self, will not be able to attain peace in any of the species of his next incarnations.
There is nothing to fear in deserting the fruits of Karm-deeds. An intelligent person should not indulge either in any sort of deeds or their fruits.
One should keep off sensuality, gratifications, suffering through prudence, intelligence and wisdom.
He should be content with enlightenment and science, while devoted to the Almighty (-Bhagwan Sheh Nag ).
The greatest selfishness and the ultimate desire of the living being should be to experience oneness in the Brahm and his soul.

                (Extract Source: Shri Mad Bhagwad Geeta)
Any one, merely experiences the remaining (-left over) Karmfal of his previous births quietly, neutrally, passively, without reacting to them, prudently. His conscience and the inner self, guides him. He makes no efforts for acquisition or accumulation. All his actions are directed towards the benefit and welfare of the mankind and the various life forms, without establishing any relationship with them, prudently. His efforts are directed towards stabilizing the inner self, only.
He does not establish any relation with Karm, deserts affections, rejects the pride of having done; which automatically terminates individuality, paving path to assimilation in God. He makes no bonds with the ever changing nature or the world, detaches himself from the differentiating nature and its functions as well. The Karm Yogi does not experience the need for self, owns anything and does nothing for self.
Elimination of Karm is related to egotism, which has four purposes- Abode, Implementation, Attempt and the Destiny. Whether an act is prescribed, determined or prohibited by scriptures (-treatise, Shashtr), it has five motives behind accomplishment: Physical- mental, oral-verbal and micro- macro. When a person undertakes them, he accumulates them. When these actions are free from desires, accomplishment is there, but no accumulation. When intention is lost behind these actions, it leads to success without accumulation. Actions, constituting sins or virtues, free from accumulation, are not binding.
The imprudent, who considers the natural vital activities and functions as having been done by him, becomes the reason or cause behind accomplishment of motives. Either acceptance or rejection of Karm or Karmfal are not the vehicles (-means, causes) of welfare. Neither the acceptance nor renouncement, are the motives of welfare. Means of welfare is break up of soul with nature. Karm Yog stands for renouncement of belonging (- affections) and the Karmfal. Loss of belonging automatically leads to loss of ego (-I, My, Me). Ego has a component of belonging  Rejection of ego cuts the bonds of affections or belonging  It’s the egotism that pertains to the feeling of having done it, which leads to accomplishment of Karm and accumulation as well. In Karm Yog, loss of affections eliminates ego i.e., renouncement through detachment with reward.
The nature is the doer. An individual, who is illusion ed by the ego, behaves as if he is the performer, achiever or loser.
There are 13 impliers constituting of 5 external (-hands, feet, tongue, pennies, and anus), 5 internal (-ears, eyes, skin, tongue and nose) and the remaining 3 rests inside the mind (-Mun, Intelligence and the Ego).
Coordinated efforts of (i) Hands:-giving, taking exchange, (ii) Feet:- walk, run, movement,(iii) Tongue:-Speech,(iv) Pennies:-Reproduction, urination, (v ) Anus:- Excretion, (vi) Ears:-Hearing, (vii) Eyes :-Seeing, (viii) Skin:-Touch, (x)Nose :-Smell, (xi) Mun:-Desires, (xii) Mind (- Intelligence):-Thoughts, Decision, Behavior and (xiii) Ego:-Pride, make endeavors.
The fifth one is divine, which depends upon the auspicious and inauspicious activities of the doer, affecting the inner self, laying the foundation of destiny.
Creeping of defects in the Physical, Verbal or Mental deeds (- actions), leads to bonds (-Rag, attachments, ties). If the Karm is performed as per directives of Shashtr, it becomes auspicious and ascetic. The Karm is Satvik and breaks the bonds.
Attachments and prejudices, pleasures and sorrow (-pains) are mental Karm (-imaginary, illusive activities).
The thought of ownership of Body, Speech and Mind create defects in the deeds. Detachment of bonds from these by Karm Yog or Gyan Yog leads to liberation from the nature. Mun: Mind, heart, soul. It’s the seat of perception and feelings, wish, inclination, temperament, characters, will and purpose.
(Extract Source: Narad Puran)
Destiny
Under the impact of the out put-result-fruit of his deeds in his previous lives, the living being could have done- achieved, whatever he liked.
Great Ascetics, clever, intelligent, prudent, mighty people have been found to be deprived off the fruits of their endeavors-efforts.
 Imprudent, inferior, people who lack good qualities, virtues and without/low intelligence are seen to be associated with all sorts of amenities, luxuries, comforts in life without the blessings of anyone.
People indulged in brutality, cruelty, crime, deceit, misdeeds are found to be enjoying the comforts of life. There are the people, who do not work at all and still, the wealth flows towards them.
There are the people who make repeated/successive efforts/endeavors without success. They fail to obtain the desired commodity. Their wishes never materialize. It shows that the destiny is important.
(Extract source: Garud Puran)
The organism takes birth and dies on the basis/ by virtue of the remaining deeds in the previous lives. Who so ever has taken birth in this world will die- there is no doubt in it. Age, deeds, wealth, Education and death of the living being are fixed, while he is in the womb.
Pain pleasure, pear and welfare are obtained by virtue of Karm. The living being is dragged out of the womb with his head down and legs upward by the air. He is illusion-ed the moment, he takes birth by the Maya of Bhagwan Vishnu.
Birth in any specific specie is the out come /result of auspicious-inauspicious deeds, sins. Compilation of sins, misdeeds and inauspicious deeds keep degrading him to lower caste-specie. It’s the output of his misdeeds, guilt, crime and sins that he suffers from poverty, illness, diseases, low intelligence, imprudence and various pains.
 Lokik (-worldly), Ksher (-perishable)-importance is given to both the soul and the world. It begins with the determination not to do evil/harm to anyone, not to consider anything bad or have ill will for any one.
 Those who have not attained-acquired-obtained, renunciation and their intelligence has dissociated with grief-sorrow-pain and who’s  passions-sensualities are accompanied with them, are entitled-authorized to Karm Yog. Karm Yogi utilizes the material objects (-body) for the welfare of mankind and gets detached.
 Performance of Vern-Ashram Dharm- as per description in scriptures , prescribed duties, nature, circumstances, rejection of desires, affections, attachments, passions, sensualities completely.
 One should strike a balance (-Equanimity) between Siddhi (-attainment) and Asiddhi (-non attainment).
KARM YOG: It involves Karta-the doer, Karan-Motive & instruments (- desires, ambitions, senses and organs), Karm-actions-deeds-acts-activities- profession-work- labor-executions and Karm Sangrah-collection/accumulations of deeds.
*One must do his duty with faith, without hope of personal benefit/gains or ambition.
*Faith and disinterestedness act to purge the burden of Karm.
*Faithless and self-interested people increase their burden.
*Shedding of burden of Karm can release from endless cycles of birth-rebirth-suffering.
*Right to perform prescribed duty, without entitlement to fruit or reward of action.
*Never consider the self as the cause of result in activities and never be attached to non-performance of duties.
* Vanishing of Karm and Karmfal relives from attachment, smear, stains, sullies and engross.
* To have same feelings for accomplishment of desires and detachment.
*To give same weight age to acquisitions and non-acquisitions.
*Performance of prescribed /Vern-Ashram / natural, place, time, situation, person oriented duties as per dictates of Shashtr; without attachment, affections or desires.
*To maintain a balance between accomplishment and non-accomplishment.
*Repeated, practice, concentration and devotion to work, pleases the Almighty. One should work for the sake of God only, not for himself.
                           GYAN-SANKHY YOG( ज्ञान-सांख्य योग) 
ENLIGHTENMENT
 Exert from Shri Mad Bhagwat: Bhagwan Shri Krishan described Gyan Yog to Uddhav Ji, his cousin brother and a disciple of Guru Vrahaspati, as was enunciated by Bhishm Pitamah to Yudhister on his death bed, made of Arjun’s arrows.
Gyan Yog is full of enlightenment, renunciation (-Vairagy), Science (-Vigyan), Faith (-Shraddha) and devotion (- Bhakti).The characteristics produced by the nature are interacting within the nature itself. All actions/activities are taking place in the organs. It has 28 components-elements-divisions, namely: Sense organs (- Gyan, knowledge) Ear-hearing, Skin-touch, Eye-see, Tongue-taste, Nose-smell -5, Work organs( Karm-Karmandry) ) i.e., Anus-excretion, Pennies-urination-reproduction, Hand-work, Legs –walk-movement, Mouth-speech -5, Mun (-has all the characteristics of  sense and work organs,mind and heart together leads to decide, what one should to do or not to do):-1,  Prakrti (-Nature-purush-doer)-1, Purush (-devotee, doer)-1, Mahatatv (-significance, importance, ultimate)-1, Ahankar (-id, ego, super ego, I, My, Me, pride)-1, Punchtanmatra (-Jal, Vayu, Aakash, Prathvi, Tej)-5,  Vairagy (-renunciation, rejection), Vigyan (-research, discovery, innovation), Shraddha (-faith), Bhakti (-devotion), Mahabhoot-5, Gun (-characteristics)-3, which are observed in all activities beginning from Brahma Ji to a straw. When nature is inspired to create life, only then it produces.
Combination of the following 3 defects at the micro (-minute, small) level, results in the creation-production-invention of the world/universe. 
Adhyatmic: Pertaining to the Supreme Spirit, Spiritual-knowledge of the identity of soul with the Supreme Spirit.  Adhidavik: Divine thoughts-expectations-anxiousness. Adhibhotik: Material/physical thoughts-expectations-anxiousness pertaining to world/universe.
Amongest them one is Proksh (- the invisible-not evident-hidden-implied-indirect, absent) Gyan, which visualizes the gist of God as the one being followed -imitated, is seen in totality.
A-Proksh (-visible, evident, Science–discovery-research-innovation-modification-advancement-progress-alteration-up gradation) Gyan is one which visualizes Brahma as the sole reason and not the gist, it used to follow by unitary components, to turns into definite Science.
Methodology (-strategy-trick) to attain Gyan-Vigyan (-Knowledge associated with Science): One should think, analyse the position-creation-assimilation of the three components-Satv, Rajas, Tamas along with their constituents-components, repeatedly.
The element (-creator) which was present in the beginning and at the time of destruction (-termination-Praly-doom’s day), is present in between, as-well. The same is believed (-admitted, purported, apparent) to be followed- imitated in destruction (-at the time of destruction-hindrance-difficulty -obstruction-to check-to thwart), by difference of actions-acts-functions, remains as foot print , proof, witness or abode (-resting place-residence-site- place) . This truth-fact is ultimate knowledge i.e., Salvation.
Specificity of Ved (-learning, revelation, audible, perceptible to ear), visible (-perceptible, clear, direct, explicit, immediate, real, actual), fame (-dominant among great men in history) and inference (-notion, opinion, estimation, guess, conjecture), are judged/weighted/considered as four important-vital proofs-evidences.  On being subjected to these criterion, the visible-observed, destructive, defective, does not prove to be reality-truth. Therefore the prudent eliminate-depart-move away-detach-isolate, from this varied-vivid-illusionary-imaginary, like sound-word-voice, toils (-tricks deceit) of the world.
The prudent judges the Yagy and like perishable deeds resulting in award of heavens, till the abode of Brahma-all comforts-luxuries-passions-pleasures-gratifications, results in his down fall (-inauspicious, disastrous, evil ,misfortune, calamity, ill omens).
Karm Yog is easier as compared to Gyan Yog and it can be exercised easily even by those whose mental faculties-abilities are not well developed, whose intelligence level-understanding is low. Who are not able to concentrate-meditate and are fickle minded. Karm/work  is the vehicle/means and depends upon the performer-the devotee. Karm Yog is thousands times laudable-excellent-praised-commended-best-righteous, as compared to Gyan Yog, because Gyan Yog has arisen-manifested from Karm Yog-which is the Ultimate, one should achieve. Gyan Yog is non-existent, meaning less without Karm Yog. Therefore a person exercising-practicing –involved in Karm Yog achieves the imperishable status-Moksh.
Those who have discarded-rejected-enunciated, the Karm and its outcome: reward/punishment, are qualified-authorized for Gyan Yog. Complete rejection of the belief/ego/pride of having done something, is Gyan Yog. The enlightenment-caliber which provides the capability to analyse-introspect, the basic elements-components is Gyan Yog. Gyan Yogi detaches himself from the world to be stable in his inner self.
Gyan Yog-Sankhy Yog utilizes knowledge, understanding, prudence, intelligence, consciousness and practice to achieve the Almighty. It’s initiated with: I have nothing. I don’t need anything. I have nothing to do for me. It requires detachment on the part of the doer. Thought behind Sankhy can be grasped by understanding it in depth through conscience, prudence and meditation. Ego (-pride, glory) is major hurdle in it’s path.This egotism is the product of senses controlled by intelligence-mind and  Karm (-work organs).
The smaller components of senses, which depend over the body are called Tanmatra. Tanmatra is created by the association of body. Due to this reason the creature is called bodied.When the Mun is inspired to create life, only then it produces.
Combination of the following 3 defects at the micro (-minute, small) level, results in the creation-production-invention of the world/universe. 
Adhyatmic: Pertaining to the Supreme Spirit, Spiritual-knowledge of the identity of soul with the Supreme Spirit.  Adhidavik: Divine thoughts-expectations-anxiousness. Adhibhotik: Material/physical thoughts-expectations-anxiousness pertaining to world/universe.
The living being was neither present in the beginning nor  at the termination- It just appears in between/middle only to vanish. A-sat did not exist either in the beginning or at the end and therefore, it will not be present/exist between too.
Birth, life, growth, change, occurrence and destruction are the 6 defects pertaining to existence-being-natural state-character-quality-disposition-temperament. One has nothing to do with them. These defects are not embedded in him-do not pertain to him, since they in themselves are unreal-untrue-non-existent-unfounded-unrighteous-unholy, wicked or monstrous.
Nature is a balanced state of three characteristics called Satv, Rajas and Tamas. This in itself is called major characteristic (-Pradhan means head).This is un revealed or masked. It creates and destroys the creatures and a disturbance in nature creates the three Gods Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh-though one revealed in three forms.
Deformity in the consistent predominance of nature creates-generate, significance/greatness/importance, which portraits it as great which generate egotism-arrogance-pride or self-respect in nature.
Procedure and various steps involved in Gyan Yog:
-Contemplation, meditation, realization of self.
-Self-realization, awareness, consciousness of self, knowing-identifying self to be the ultimate beneficiary.
-Formal/repeated practices-concentration-devotion to work which pleases the Almighty, working for the sack of God only.
-All sacrifices and austerities are devoted/offered to the supreme lord of all plants and Demi Gods, benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.
-Path to devotion is best and easiest, no one is free from sins on earth and only surrendering to the Almighty is easiest way.
-Destroys-vanishes ego-detaches with the word to stabilize in inner self.
-Surrender self to the Almighty.
-Control lust-sensualities-passions and heart.
-Renounce the fruits of action (-Karm).
-Discernment, practices with concentration are better than mechanical rituals or prayers.
-Absorption in God to live with him is even better than concentration renunciation and brings instant peace to the spirit.
-I have nothing to do. I don’t need anything. I have nothing to do for me.
-To know through prudence, faith, belief.
Methodology (-strategy, procedure) to attain Gyan-Vigyan (-Knowledge associated with Science): One should think-analyse of the the position-creation-assimilation of the three components-Satv, Rajas, Tamas along with their constituents-components, repeatedly; evolvement-origination-growth of the developments starting from nature up to the formation of body. The way the body and other objects assimilate back in nature-should be thought of, till the mind obtain peace-quiet.
One who has evolved-grown alienation-detachment is eligible for Salvation.
One who grasps the teachings-preaching of his mentor (-Versatile Guru-teacher) and establishes in his inner self (-through investigation-analyses-understanding) and  deserts the fickle ideas thoughts (-moving, shaking, trembling, active, unsteady, restless, inconsistent, giddy, flirtatious, playful, naughty, transient, ephemeral, volatile) which were generated in the mind (-Mun), in the body-which is not soul.
DIVINITY: BHAKTI YOG भक्ति योग 
भक्ति-DEVOTION
परमात्मा को निम्न आठ गुणों द्वारा भक्त के द्वारा संतुष्ट किया जा सकता है:
अहिंसा, इन्द्रिय संयम, जीवों पर दया करना, क्षमा, शम, दम , ध्यान और  सत्य।
अहिंसा-Non Violence.
इन्द्रिय संयम-Control over sense organs. 
जीवों पर दया करना-Pity over all living beings-organism.
क्षमा-Pardon-forgiveness.
शम-Shum:  Enlightenment, dedication of all faculties-intellect in the divinity through absence of passions-peace of mind-quite-rest. Peace-Tranquility-Solace.
दम-Dum:  Restraint of the senses-sensuality-passions-mortification-sub dueing feelings.
ध्यान-Meditation-Contemplation.
सत्य-Saty-TruthExperiencing-visualizing the equanimity-true divinity, all around.
भक्ति के लक्षण-DEVOTION
मानसी भक्ति: ध्यान, धारणा, बुद्धि तथा वेदान्त चिन्तन के द्वारा। 
वाचिकी भक्ति: दिन-रात अविश्रान्त भाव से वेद मंत्रों के उच्चारण, जप तथा आरण्यक आदि के पाठ द्वारा। 
कायिकी भक्ति: व्रत, उपवास और नियमों के पालन और इंद्रियों के संयम द्वारा। 
लौकिकी भक्ति: पाद्य अर्ध्य आदि उपचार, नृत्य, वाद्य, गीत, जागरण तथा पूजन द्वारा। 
वैदिकी भक्ति: ऋग्वेद, यजुर्वेद और सामवेद के जप, संहिताओं के अध्ययन तथा हविष्य की आहुति-यज्ञ-यागादि के द्वारा। अमावस्या, पूर्णिमा तथा विषुव (-जब दिन और ररत बराबर होते हैं-तुला और मेष की संक्रान्ति ) के दिन किया गया याग वैदिकी भक्ति का साधक है। 
आध्यात्मिक भक्ति: योगज भक्ति का साधक जो सदा अपनी इंद्रियों को संयम में रखकर प्राणायाम पूर्वक ध्यान किया करता है, विषयों से अलग है, वह ध्यान में देखता है कि "भगवान का मुख अनन्त तेज से उद्दीप्त हो रहा है, उनकी कटि के ऊपरी भाग तक लटका हुआ यज्ञोपवीत शोभा पा रहा है। उनके चार वर्ण है, चार भुजाएं हैं उनके हाथों में वरद और अभय मुद्राएं हैं। वे पीत वस्त्र धारण किये हैं। उनके नेत्र अत्यन्त सुन्दर हैं।  वे प्रसन्नता से परिपूर्ण दिखाई देते हैं"। 
देवपूजा, यज्ञ, तीर्थ-स्नान, व्रतानुष्ठान, तपस्या, और नाना प्रकार के कर्मों से भी अन्तः करण की वैसी शुद्धि नहीं होती जैसी भगवान के ध्यान से होती है।
 One who is neither too emancipated nor extremely attached, has luckily-by virtue of good fortune developed faith-respect-regard-honor in the scriptures-Shashtr-stories pertaining to the actions-deeds-performances  of  the 9 incarnations of the Almighty, due to some  auspicious-virtues-righteous act in his previous births, is qualified-eligible for Bhakti Yog.
One has to pray-meditate-concentrate, in the presence of statue-idol-bust (-portrait-picture-photograph-image-sketch-figure-mental image/perception-Its symbolic and helps in concentrating.) and de
vote, himself to viewing-seeing-listening-recitation-visiting holy places-holy rivers, pertaining to the memory of incarnations.
The practitioner (-devotee) who has emancipated-unattached-not feeling the desire or passions has developed a mental perception-feeling of pain-trouble-torture-grief-sorrow in all deeds-industry- efforts- actions-functions-endeavors, has faith-trust in the stories of 9 incarnations of the God and has realized that all passions-comforts-pleasures-enjoyments-sensualities-lust-sex are the reason-cause of grief and if he is still unable/incapable to reject them, should undergo-experience-bear with them, but from the depths of heart consider them as painful-taboo-torturous-grave,  censuring them and his misfortune for having born them.
One should pray to the God with firm determination (-recitation, whether silent-mentally or vocal). In this manner by regular-continuous-repeated remembrance of the God, the God himself makes a place (-occupies a seat-place-berth) in the heart of the devotee (-practitioner) and as soon as he (-takes center stage in the heart) occupies the heart, all passions-sensualities along with the seeds, vanish-eliminate, all together-for ever.
When one becomes face to face with the Supreme Soul, all bonds-ties-knots in his heart weakens, eliminate all his doubts-misconceptions/perceptions, tear off (-break away-lose) lust-sensualities-passions-fears-misgivings, completely.
The Yogi associated with devotion, surrender to the God (-seeks asylum-shelter-patronage, under him) and continuously keep himself busy in thinking-remembering the God; enlightenment or renunciation are not essential for him. He is automatically benefited by the devotion to God.
The devotee by virtue of his devotion to the God, become capable of obtaining-attaining everything as per his own will/disposition, such as Karm-deeds-industry, asceticism, meditation, practice of Yog, charity, righteousness, means of welfare, heavens, emancipation (-release from suffering, rebirth) the Ultimate Abode or anything else just by imagination-without efforts/ease, involuntarily-suddenly.
The inalienable lover and the hermits-saints-sages-devotees with patience do not want/ask anything for themselves. On the other hand, even if the God himself grants-gifts-offers-give anything, they do not accept even Kaevly Moksh (-Ultimate Salvation), what to talk of other things.
The greatest and the ultimate welfare is absolute neutrality (-indifference, impartiality). Hence one who is neutral-indifferent-impartial-disinterested (-without desires), is able to attain the Bhakti of God.
The Ultimate-exclusive-inalienable devotee and saints-sages-Rishi-Muni-Mahrishi-Brahmrishi, with equanimity, who have attained the Ultimate gist, beyond the reach of intelligence, have no concern –relation with the methods-procedure or the restrictions, which cause virtues or sins.
One who seek asylum-shelter, recourse under Bhakti-Gyan-Karm Yog attains the Ultimate abode of the Almighty representing welfare, since they have understood-recognized-identified the gist of Ultimate Per Brahm.
Methodology-procedure:
*Pray to God as a sprit, image,idol or statue.
* Approach the God with sincere loving heart, which is fully accepted.
*All offerings, small or large are accepted, as long as they are made with love.
*Union with Brahm, releases from endless sufferings, endless cycles of births and rebirths,which can be easily attained, through devotion.
*Worship God, renouncing  all actions in him and regarding him as Supreme Soul.
*Meditate the Almighty with single mind and devotion.
*Surrender self to God with equanimity.
Spirituality अध्यात्म 
Characters such as Satv are controlled by Karm/deeds. Karm is earned through Avidya-ignorance and absence of enlightenment.
Soul is pure, imperishable, quite, devoid of characters, significance and beyond the nature. It, alone is diffused, encompassed in all the creatures. It neither increases nor decreases or eliminate.
Dharm or Adharm is always behind/beneath the states/conditions of all the creatures.
Soul moves from one body to another to experience/enjoy/undergo the fruits/punishments of Karm.
Creatures have nothing except punchbhoot (Prathvi-Earth, Aakash-Sky-Space, Jal-Water, Vayu-air, Tej-Energy) in them.
The differentiation incarnations like demy-Gods, humans, demons, trees or animals are fake, unreal, imaginary or untrue.
The object, which do not acquire /obtain/attain/seek, new shape/form, as a result/consequence of   rebirth/reorientation, is the ultimate good, supreme truth, reality and spiritual.
It’s auspicious for the enlightened-intellectual-philosopher to attain Salvation. Yagy which helps in attainment of heavens/higher abodes too, is auspicious /fortunate/meritorious/creditable, but it’s more auspicious to have a desire for Salvation.
Soul is broad/pervasive, extensive, comprehensive, even pure, free from characters/characteristics and free from nature. It’s free from birth, death, increase-decrease and defects.
The ultimate, Almighty is free and is not associated with unreal, non-virtuous, name or caste. He is one, even by existence, in his own or other physique-bodies. Understanding of this supreme reality is enlightenment. Those who possess the feeling of duality/ ambiguity between the ultimate and the universe or make distinction between the ultimate and the universe are not spiritual.
Auspicious Karm/deeds are those, which do not create bonds/attachments/delusion/allurement and Vidya is the vehicle/source to detachment and auspicious Karm. Karm Yogi has a continuous relation with the Almighty.
Gyan  (-Sankhy)Yogi has the essential, fundamental realistic relation with the God.
The devotee, who has sought refuse/asylum in him, has spiritual relation with the Almighty-the God.
Continued relation of the Karm Yogi with the Almighty, leads to rejection of attachment with what is unreal, occasional, temporary, transient or impermanent.
Essential fundamental acknowledgement and understanding of the Gyan Yogi, provides him with the unity and assimilation of essence, with the supreme spirit, the real state and nature i.e., the God.
Spiritual relation of the Devotee- the Bhakt, has love for the God, associated with the loss of distinction between the two.
Karm Yogi’s relation with the God is quite, assuaged with elixir/nectar.
Gyan Yogi’s relation with the God is unbroken, undivided, entirely uninterrupted, continuous, individual and indestructible with wholeness, entirely with integrity associated with elixir/nectar.
Bhakti-Devotion is infinite never ending elixir/nectar. This is obtained by seeking shelter/under the God. It is the best means to attain God and has to be secret and concealable.
Bhakti Yog–Alokik (-Divine- eternal): Importance is given to the Almighty only to retain Alokik Bhakti,  When the devotee takes the patronage of the God in his efforts without considering his own efforts as major contributory, then only his faith is divine.
Everything becomes divine as soon as the devotee takes shelter in the Almighty. One who is not extremely renunciated or attached, but due to some auspicious-virtuous deed in his previous births, respect-honor-dedication-devotion has evolved-emerged, in various parleys of the Almighty, is entitled-authorized-suitable-fit for Bhakti Yog.
Almighty is above both Ksher and Aksher. One should seek asylum in him, with equanimity in both Ksher and Aksher by surrendering himself to the Almighty.
Human body has inbuilt capabilities to perform Lokik (-worldly), either Gyan Yog or Karm Yog. Importance and labour are major contributory factors.
One should surrender himself to the Almighty, while performing all his duties, with the knowledge of worldly and divine as well without the desire of even Moksh.



                               PRANAYAM-YOG
                        प्राणायाम योग साधना 
It has nothing to do with religion. Its purely an exercise form, to improve health and vitality. It helps one in becoming slim and lose weight. The health conscious may opt for this in his daily routine.  Those who wish to prolong their lifespan-longevity, should devote 10-15 minutes initially, extending to 1 hour subsequently, since this is hassle free. 



  • It provides relaxation and reduces fatigue. 
  • With the start up, it starts up controlling blood pressure and pulse. It cures asthma, respiratory troubles, bronchitis, lung cancer.
  • It cure digestive problems. When the stomach is moved inside towards the spinal cord during exhalation-release of breath, a tough layer /coating developed in due course of time, inside the intestines, breaks away, leading to better absorption of digested food.
  • When the spinal cord/back bone/vertebral column is erect-straight and the diaphragm moves towards the back bone during exhalation,  gases trapped in the stomach are released through the mouth and anus. This process helps in reducing gastric trouble. Continued practice leads to complete cure.
  • Gas gets accumulated close to the heart leading to chest etching/pain. Release of gas relieves this trouble. Chest pain due to gas resemble the due to heart attack.
  • Heaviness experienced in the head is reduces by the release gas from the stomach due to Yogabhyas (-regular practice of Yog).
  • The stomach is like an inflated balloon the thickness of which goes on increasing with the deposition of fat layers. Each deep breath helps in reducing this thickness.
  • During inhalation excess of oxygen is absorbed by the hemoglobin in the blood forms oxyhemoglobin, which helps in breaking down of food particles into energy, water and nitrogenous waste. 
  • Most of the hostile /cancerous cells break down in this process deep breathing-inhalation & exhalation.
  • It can be compared to artificial breathing-resuscitation. It improves resistivity and is a wonderful cure to incurable diseases. 
  • There is no boundations-restriction of time and place. However, one has to  be empty stomach-fresh, like other exercises.
    Oxygen is a basic component of air required to break food into energy, carbon dioxide, nitrogenous waste, which are segregated by the kidneys and the lungs. Nitrogen is another component needed by the body to maintain-cop up, with the atmosphere. Unwanted cells-cancer and the like, needed to be eliminated from the circulatory system-which is done by this age/generation old- tried and trusted-most scientific technique/therapy. 
    ANULOM-VILOM (अनुलोम-विलोम) :: It involves three  stages (I) Inhaling-suction (II) Holding and (III) Exhaling (-creation of vacuum) air from the lungs. One may opt for a posture, in which the back is kept vertically straight and the legs are crossed. In the morning sit/perform facing east-Sun the source of energy on the earth and in the evening the north-the magnetic alignment for keeping-normalisation of blood circulation, since it constitutes of haemoglobin a composition of iron.
    Inhaling: Considering thumb as the 1st finger, Jupiter finger as the 2nd finger, Saturn finger as the 3rd finger, Sun finger as the 4th finger and the Mercury finger as the 5th finger; use the 2nd and 3rd (-or 3rd and 4th finger) fingers to block the left nostril. The thumb will stand erect, while 4th and 5th fingers will bend inside, into the fist. Now, hold the left nostril and take long breath to fill the lungs with air slowly, for a few seconds. The diaphragm, will be pressed inwards and the chest will bulge a bit in an outward direction. One may concentrate over Allah-God-Almighty-Christ-a deity of your choice, or even the devil, as per your liking. However, there is no compulsion.
    As soon air enters lungs it allows the oxygen to get mixed with hemoglobin to form oxy hemoglobin and reach each and every cell of the body, leading to formation of new cells and decomposition of the old-unwanted-undesirable cells, keeping one young-fit and full of energy.
     Holding the breath for a few seconds, will help in the exchange of gases, in the bronchial, inside the lungs. Oxygen will be mixed with the blood and carbon dioxide will be liberated.
    Exhaling will be done by chocking the right nostril with the thumb. Carbon dioxide is exhaled, in addition to other gases, simultaneously.
    2nd inhaling is done with the right nostril still choked  holding is done by reverting the two fingers to the left nostril and the air is exhaled again.
    All these postures requires the practitioner to sit with straight back. chest bulges slightly and the stomach is pulled in side. Immediate gains are in the form of relief from the gas filled-stored inside the stomach and burning sensation. It prevent chest congestion and digestive disorders. learning with straight back helps in sharpening of memory. 
    Kapal Bhati कपाल भाती 
    Start with deep breathing-inhalation and exhalation of air in the lungs, while sitting in comfortable posture keeping the back straight,twice or thrice. Its better if one  does this in open air.
    Now suck the air into the lungs without jerking the body and reject it there after one second. repeat it for 5-10 minutes initially and the rise time up to 15 minutes.
    Have faith in you (-and the God, perhaps) and proceed. Yog (literally plus,addition + ) means associating with the God through physical means.
    Have a good day. Best of luck.
    Caution: All these exercises are performed with empty stomach.
    Take juice or milk after drying sweat and bathing, low calorie diet is advised.
    One may keep his eyes closed. He may focus over some religious thought-idea. Try to think of good-virtuous-pious-righteous deeds-plans, at least till you are busy with this simple exercise. Results are wonderful and observed within a week. This is a wonderful healer.
    Yog boosts confidence, internal strength, vitality, vigor and brings peace-tranquility.
    Have faith in you (-and the God, perhaps) and proceed. Yog (literally plus,addition + ) means associating with the God through physical means.
    Have a good day. Best of luck.
    You will experience amazing results like weight loss, cure of respiratory ailments, gas trouble, good sleep, loss of tension, improvement of vision etc.
    Bhramari Pranayam: Close the two ears with thumbs, place the second finger over the head , third and fourth fingers by the side of nose and the fifth finger will occupy the position, just below the nostrils.  Now suck air-deep breathing,  hold it for a moment and  then release along with the sound of om.  
    अपने शरीर के भीतर रहने वाली वायु को प्राण कहते हैं और उसे रोकने को आयाम अर्थात प्राणवायु को रोकना प्राणायाम कहलाता है। प्राणायाम करने के लिये पद्मासन, पालती या एक पैर दूसरे पर रख कर आसन लगाना चाहिये। इस मुद्रा में परमात्मा का चिंतन करना चाहिये। प्राणायाम करने  के लिये समतल भूमि का चुनाव करें और स्थिर आसन बिछावें जो कि  ज्यादा ऊँचा-नीचा न हो। पहले मूंज-कुशासन, फिर मृगचर्म और इनके ऊपर कपड़ा बिछावें। 
    मृगचर्म उपलब्ध नहीं होगी, इसलिये पक्के फर्श-तख़्त पर रुई का बढ़िया गद्दा, कालीन, दरी, कम्बल या चटाई बिछा लें। 
    मन और इन्द्रियों की चेष्टाओं को काबू कर चित्त को एकाग्र करें तथा अंत:करण की शुद्धि के लिए योगाभ्यास शुरू करें। शरीर, मस्तक, और गले को अविचल-बगैर हिलाए डुलाए, एक सीध में रखते हुए स्थिर बैठें। केवल नासिका के अग्र भाग को देखें और कमर को सीधा रखें। प्रात: काल  में मुख पूर्व व शाम को उत्तर दिशा में रखें तथा अन्य दिशाओं में द्रष्टि पात न करें। दोनों एड़ियों से अंड कोष और लिंग को बचाते हुए, दोनों जांघों के ऊपर भुजाओं को तिरछी करके रखें तथा बायें हाथ की हथेली पर दाहिने हाथ के पृष्ठभाग को स्थापित करें और मुंह को कुछ ऊँचा करके सामने की ओर स्थिर करें। 
    रेचन: दायें  नथुने से वायु बाहर निकलने के लिये दूसरी व तीसरी ऊँगली को माथे पर रखें तथा चौथी व पांचवी ऊँगली से  बांया नथुना बंद करें धीरे-धीरे वायु बाहर निकालें, अंगूठे को स्वतंत्र  रखें।
    पूरक: अब पूर्वावस्था में धीरे-धीरे साँस भीतर खींचें। पर्याप्त वायु भरकर स्थिर बैठें । 
    कुम्भक: इस स्थिति में वायु को रोकना है, वायु  न अन्दर जाये न बाहर आए।शुरू में 24 सेकंड, कुछ दिनों के अभ्यास के बाद 48 सेकंड और फिर 72 सेकंड।
    इन तीनों प्रक्रियाओं को धीरे-धीरे अभ्यास बढ़ाते हुए करना चाहिये। एक दिन में आधे घंटे का अभ्यास पर्याप्त है। इस क्रिया के दौरान पसीना आना अच्छा है, कम्कपी आना उत्तम तथा अभिघात लगना सर्वोत्तम है। ध्यान के साथ प्राणायाम अति उत्तम है। ज्ञान व वैराग्य से युक्त प्राणायाम, इन्द्रियों पर विजय प्रदान करता है। शास्त्र तपस्या व प्राणायाम को बराबर मानता है।                                     
    भ्रामरी प्राणायाम: अंगूठों से दोनों कानों को बंद करें, दूसरी अंगुली माथे पे रखें, तीसरी और चौथी अंगुली को नाक के बगल में व पांचवी अंगुली को नासिका द्वार के निचे स्थिर करें।अब गहरी साँस खिंच कर उसे ॐ शब्द के उच्चारण के साथ बाहर निकालें। 
    अपने शरीर के भीतर रहने वाली वायु को प्राण कहते हैं और उसे रोकने को आयाम अर्थात प्राणवायु को रोकना प्राणायाम कहलाता है। प्राणायाम करने के लिये पद्मासन, पालती या एक पैर दूसरे पर रख कर आसन लगाना चाहिये। इस मुद्रा में परमात्मा का चिंतन करना चाहिये। प्राणायाम करने  के लिये समतल भूमि का चुनाव करें और स्थिर आसन बिछावें जो कि  ज्यादा ऊँचा-नीचा न हो। पहले मूंज-कुशासन, फिर मृगचर्म और इनके ऊपर कपड़ा बिछावें। 
    मृगचर्म उपलब्ध नहीं होगी, इसलिये पक्के फर्श-तख़्त पर रुई का बढ़िया गद्दा, कालीन, दरी, कम्बल या चटाई बिछा लें। 
    मन और इन्द्रियों की चेष्टाओं को काबू कर चित्त को एकाग्र करें तथा अंत:करण की शुद्धि के लिए योगाभ्यास शुरू करें। शरीर, मस्तक, और गले को अविचल-बगैर हिलाए डुलाए, एक सीध में रखते हुए स्थिर बैठें। केवल नासिका के अग्र भाग को देखें और कमर को सीधा रखें। प्रात: काल  में मुख पूर्व व शाम को उत्तर दिशा में रखें तथा अन्य दिशाओं में द्रष्टि पात न करें। दोनों एड़ियों से अंड कोष और लिंग को बचाते हुए, दोनों जांघों के ऊपर भुजाओं को तिरछी करके रखें तथा बायें हाथ की हथेली पर दाहिने हाथ के पृष्ठभाग को स्थापित करें और मुंह को कुछ ऊँचा करके सामने की ओर स्थिर करें। 
    रेचन: दायें  नथुने से वायु बाहर निकलने के लिये दूसरी व तीसरी ऊँगली को माथे पर रखें तथा चौथी व पांचवी ऊँगली से  बांया नथुना बंद करें धीरे-धीरे वायु बाहर निकालें, अंगूठे को स्वतंत्र  रखें।
    पूरक: अब पूर्वावस्था में धीरे-धीरे साँस भीतर खींचें। पर्याप्त वायु भरकर स्थिर बैठें । 
    कुम्भक: इस स्थिति में वायु को रोकना है, वायु  न अन्दर जाये न बाहर आए।शुरू में 24 सेकंड, कुछ दिनों के अभ्यास के बाद 48 सेकंड और फिर 72 सेकंड।
    इन तीनों प्रक्रियाओं को धीरे-धीरे अभ्यास बढ़ाते हुए करना चाहिये। एक दिन में आधे घंटे का अभ्यास पर्याप्त है। इस क्रिया के दौरान पसीना आना अच्छा है, कम्कपी आना उत्तम तथा अभिघात लगना सर्वोत्तम है। ध्यान के साथ प्राणायाम अति उत्तम है। ज्ञान व वैराग्य से युक्त प्राणायाम, इन्द्रियों पर विजय प्रदान करता है। शास्त्र तपस्या व प्राणायाम को बराबर मानता है। 
     Meditation-ध्यान
    स्थिर चित्त से भगवान  का चिंतन, ध्यान कहलाता है। समस्त उपाधियों से मुक्त मन सहित आत्मा का ब्रह्म विचार में परायण होना ध्यान है। ध्येय रूप आधार में स्थित एवं सजातीय प्रतीतियों से युक्त चित्त को जो विजातीय प्रतीतियों से रहित प्रतीति  होती है, उसको भी ध्यान कहते हैं। जिस किसी प्रदेश में भी ध्येय वस्तु के चिंतन में एकाग्र हुए चित्त को प्रतीति  के साथ जो अभेद-भावना होती है, उसका नाम भी ध्यान है। ध्यान परायण होकर जो व्यक्ति अपने शरीर का त्याग करता है, वह अपने कुल स्वजन और मित्रों का उद्धार करके स्वयं भगवत स्वरुप हो जाता है। प्रति दिन श्रद्धा पूर्वक श्री हरी का ध्यान करने से मनुष्य वह गति पाता  है, जो कि सम्पूर्ण महायज्ञों के द्वारा भी अप्राप्य है
    चलते-फिरते, उठते-बैठते-खड़े होते, सोते-जागते, आँख खोलते-मींचते, शुद्ध-अशुद्ध अवस्था में भी निरंतर परमेश्वर का ध्यान करना चाहिए।
    भगवान मृत्युंजय, ध्यान करने पर अकाल-मृत्यु  को दूर करने वाले हैं।
    साधक को पहले मन को स्थिर करने के लिए स्थूल-मूर्त रूप का ध्यान करना चाहिये। मन के स्थिर हो जाने पर उसे सूक्ष्म तत्व-अमूर्त के चिंतन में लगाना चाहिये।
    ध्यानावस्था में समस्याओं का समाधान मिल जाता है। 
    One is aware of deep-repeated thinking over certain issues-problems, which forces him to forget everything to find ways and means, to come out of the difficulty.  The thinker get involved with it, whole heartedly and all his energies are channelized into finding a solution. Ultimately, he approaches the God. Life in it self is full of difficulties and the prudent-enlightened makes a bid to come out of them. The easiest-simplest method is meditation by focusing-fixing-concentrating the brain-mind into the Almighty.
    This is a state when one prevents the mind from roaming around, brings the mind-brain under self restraint-control. Inner self-sensualities-passions are made to fall in line with deep thinking-contemplation. A magic spell is cast, followed by enchantment-charm-delight-happiness.
    One has to focus the mind over certain material object like a statue-picture-even Om-Allah-Khuda-Rab-God-Jesus-Bhagwan, written over the wall.  This can be done-achieved, while-talking-walking-moving-standing-sitting-sleeping-waking-opening or closing eyes-pure or impure body state continuously reciting-remembering the God. He should consider himself as an incarnation-organ-part-component of the God and that he has evolved out of the Almighty and merge into him.
    Meditation relieves anxiety and helps in solving intricate problems.
    Human brain has two lobes-compartments which drag him into different directions-channels. One may successfully perform two tasks, simultaneously. During emergency-difficulty the two lobes start functioning together. Repeated practice makes one achieve this state quite frequently. This act when utilized to focus-penetrate-channelize into the creator-nurturer-destroyer-all in one, the Almighty; relieves the devotee of all pains-sorrow-grief-problems-difficulty and the cycle of birth and rebirth, obviously.
    For best results choice of a peaceful place-solitude is recommended. Continued efforts gives quick results associated with confidence-happiness-success.
                                                 समाधि 
    जो चैतन्य स्वरूप से युक्त और प्रशांत महासागर की भांति स्थिर हो,  जिसमें आत्मा  के सिवाय किसी अन्य वस्तु की प्रतीति न हो, उस ध्यान को समाधि  कहते हैं। जो ध्यान के समय अपने चित्त को ध्येय-परमात्मा, में लगा कर वायु हीन प्रदेश की अग्नि शिखा के भांति अविचल एवं स्थिर भाव से बैठा रहता  है, वह योगी समाधिस्थ कहा गया  है। जो न सुनता है , न सूँघता है, न देखता है, न रसास्वादन करता है , न स्पर्श का अनुभव करता है, न मन में संकल्प उठने देता है, न अभिमान करता है और न बुद्धि से किसी दूसरी-अन्य, वस्तु को जानता ही  है, केवल  काष्ठ (वृक्ष) की भांति अविचल भाव से ध्यान में स्थित रहता  है, ऐसे चिंतन परायण पुरुष को समाधिस्थ कहते हैं। जो अपने आत्म स्वरुप श्री विष्णु के ध्यान में संलग्न रहता है, उसके सामने अनेक दिव्य विघ्न उपस्थित होते हैं , वे सिद्धि की सूचनादेने वाले हैं। बड़े बड़े विघ्न, लालच, लोभ, ज्ञान, सिद्धियाँ, प्रतिभा, सद्गुण, सम्पूर्ण शील, कलाएँ, कन्याएँ बिना बुलाए उपस्थित होती हैं। जो इनको तिनके की भांति निस्सार मानकर त्याग देता है, उसी पर भगवान विष्णु की कृपा होती है और वे प्रसन्न होते हैं। 

    YOG THERAPY-PREVENTION FROM DRUGS

    Drug addiction claims thousands of lives annually.  Mostly people try drugs out of curiosity and become addicted to it. It  provides unification of body, mind and soul.  Yog can help prevent drug addiction and break  the vicious cycle. Rehabilitation centers are incorporating these familiar Yogic exercises to prevent drug addictions. One may prefer Yog to remain healthy. Numerous people in India and abroad use Yog to abstain from drugs, narcotics, wine-women." It’s really enjoying-pleasant, to do it every day for 20-30 minutes. It involves-engage various body systems, resulting in perfect health.

    Rehabilitation means treatment for drug addiction, which involves several steps, involving detoxification leading to reduced dependence over drugs.One may experience withdrawal symptoms like anxiety and increased stress levels.Yogic practices-techniques are  utilized for clarity and stability. Experts are generally involved in the various phases of this process.

    Yog helps one in staying calm-quite ("Peace-Solace-Tranquility") and induces clarity of vision and thoughts, helping in  prevention from drug addiction. The newly induced clarity, allows one to see clearly and stop responding, in an impulsive manner. Yog also induces discipline, willpower and confidence. 

    Boasting-improving health: Yog is all about relaxation from stress and anxiety. 

    Increased-enhanced concentration power: One passing through recovery phase may be worried and stressed. One should have confidence in it for speedy recovery.
    Cultivates awareness: One of the most important functions of Yog is to increase awareness. A person can calm himself whenever, he is facing anxiety-pain-stress.
    Enhanced mental strength: Its clinically proven that different breathing modes-inhaling-ex hailing-holding, help in improving mental stability. Deep breathing increases blood circulation which smoothen brain functionality. Improved supply of oxygen to whole body and the brain shows miraculous impact-results.
    Common Yogic techniques-practices-excises are:
    Hath Yog describes postures, breathing methods and medical treatment. Detoxification of harmful substances, along with body strength development which can be easily attained through various physical postures. The clarity of mind-vision is harnessed through various breathing techniques. Clarity of mind can also be achieved through medical therapies and use of many medications.
    Shvasan: Its final relaxation posture which constitutes  the concluding phase of every Yogic exercise. All the tension and stress are released in this phase as you relax consciously.


    Yog Nidra: The drug addicts are usually faced with higher levels of stress and anxiety. This deep meditation technique often referred to as yogic sleep is practiced at least once a week. This exercise basically helps to release all the tension and anxiety, helping to minimize body imbalances and achieve clarity in thought.


    पञ्च प्राण-प्राणवायु-प्राणायाम   
    प्राणी के शरीर के भीतर पाँच प्रकार की वायु पाई जाती है। ये पाँचों ही पवन देव के पुत्र हैं और प्राणी में प्रकृति के अंश  में उपस्थित रहते हैं।
    प्राण :: वह वायु जो मनुष्य-प्राणी-जीव के शरीर को जीवित रखती है। शरीरांतर्गत प्राण वायु की उपस्थिति तक ही जीवात्मा इसमें निवास करता है। इस वायु का मुख्‍य स्थान हृदय में है।इस वायु के आवागमन को अच्छी तरह, भली-भाँति समझकर जो इसे साध लेता है वह लंबे काल तक जीवित रहने का रहस्य जान लेता है। वायु शरीर के अन्तर्गत खाद्य पदार्थों-भोजन को पोषक या हानिकारक पदार्थों में तब्दील करने-बदलने की क्षमता रखती है। मल का निर्माण और निष्कासन भी इसी के माध्यम से होता है। 
    आयाम के दो अर्थ हैं:: प्रथम नियंत्रण या रोकना, द्वितीय विस्तार और दिशा। व्यक्ति जब जन्म लेता है तो गहरी श्वास लेता है और जब मरता है तो पूर्णत: श्वास छोड़ देता है। प्राण जिस आयाम से आते हैं, उसी आयाम में चले जाते हैं। मनुष्य जब श्वास लेता है तो भीतर जा रही हवा या वायु पांच भागों में विभक्त हो जाती ह अर्थात  शरीर के भीतर पांच जगह स्थिर और स्थित हो जाता हैं। लेकिन वह स्थिर और स्थितर रहकर भी गतिशील रहती है।
    पंचक  प्रकार हैं :: (1) व्यान, (2) समान, (3) अपान, (4) उदान और (5) प्राण।
    वायु के इस पांच तरह से रूप बदलने के कारण ही व्यक्ति चैतन्य रहता है, स्मृतियां सुरक्षित रहती है, पाचन क्रिया सही चलती रहती है और हृदय में रक्त प्रवाह-स्पंदन होता रहता है।मन के विचार बदलने या  स्थिर रहने मे भी इसका योगदान रहता है रहता है। इस प्रणाली में किसी भी प्रकार का अवरोध पूरे शरीर, तंत्रिका-तंत्र को प्रभावित करता है। शरीर, मन तथा चेतना बीमारी, व्याधि, रोग और शोक से ‍ग्रस्त हो जाते हैं। नियमित प्राणायाम मन-मस्तिष्क, चरबी-मांस, आंत, गुर्दे, मस्तिष्क, श्वास नलिका, स्नायुतंत्र और खून आदि सभी को शुद्ध और पुष्ट, स्वस्थ रखता है।
    ये सभी प्राण शरीर के अलग अलग भागों को नियंत्रित करते हैं।
    (1). प्राणवायु :- ह्रदय से लेकर नासिका पर्यन्त जो प्राणवायु होती है, उसे प्राण कहते हैं।श्वास प्रश्वास को नासिका द्वारा लेना और छोड़ना, मुख और नासिका की गति, अन्न को पाचन योग्य बनाना, पानी को रक्त मूत्र एवं पसीने में परिवर्तित करना प्राणवायु के मुख्य कार्य है। इसका सम्बन्ध वायु तत्व एवं अनाहत चक्र (-ह्रदय) से है। प्राण वायु मनुष्य के शरीर का संचालन करती है। यह वायु मूलत: खून ऑक्सीजन ( O) और कार्बन-डाइऑक्साइड  CO2 ) के रूप में रहती है। 
    (2). अपान वायु :-  यह नाभि से लेकर पैरो तक विचरती है।नाभि से नीचे के अंग यथा प्रजनन अंग, गर्भाशय, कमर, घुटने, जंघाएँ, मलमूत्र पैर इन सभी अंगों का कार्य अपान वायु द्वारा होता है। इसका सम्बन्ध पृथ्वी तत्व और मूलाधार चक्र से है। इसकी गति नीचे की ओर होती है। अपान का अर्थ नीचे जाने वाली वायु। यह शरीर के रस में होती है।
    (3). समानवायु :- यह नाभि से ह्रदय तक चलती है।पाचनक्रिया भोजन से रस निकलकर पोषक तत्वों को सभी अंगो में बाँटना इस वायु का कार्य है।इसका सम्बन्ध अग्नि तत्व और मणिपुर चक्र से है।समान नामक संतुलन बनाए रखने वाली वायु का कार्य हड्डी में होता है। हड्डियों से ही संतुलन बनता भी है।
    (4). व्यान वायु :- यह समूचे शरीर में घूमती है। सभी स्थूल एवं सूक्षम नाड़ियों में रक्त संचार बनाये रखना इसका कार्य है। इसका सम्बन्ध जल तत्व और स्वाधिष्ठान चक्र से है। व्यान का अर्थ है चरबी तथा मांस से सम्बंधित कार्यों का सम्पादन करना। 
    (5). उदान वायु :- यह कंठ से लेकर मस्तिष्क पर्यन्त  भ्रमण करती है।  इसका सम्बन्ध आकाश तत्व और विशुधि चक्र से है। उदान का अर्थ उपर ले जाने वाली वायु। यह हमारे स्नायुतंत्र में स्थित होती है।
    प्राणिक मुद्राएँ :- पांचो प्राणों के नाम पर ही पांच प्राणिक मुद्राएँ हैं, जिनमें दो या दो से अधिक तत्वों का अग्नि के साथ मिलन होता है। उदाहरणार्थ:-   अग्नि + वायु + आकाश, अग्नि + आकाश+पृथ्वी, अग्नि + पृथ्वी + जल, अग्नि + वायु + आकाश +पृथ्वी और अग्नि + शेष चारों तत्व। इसी तरह से बनने वाली मुद्राओं को ही प्राणिक मुद्रा कहा जाता है।जब दो से अधिक तत्व आपस में मिलते हैं तो उनका प्रभाव तत्व मुद्राओं की तुलना में और भी अधिक बढ़ जाता है।जिस प्रकार से दो अथवा अधिक नदियों के मिलने से संगम का महत्व बढ़ जाता है उसी प्रकार इन मुद्राओं का महत्व भी बढ़ जाता है।  ये मुद्राएँ हैं :- (1). प्राण मुद्रा, (2). अपान मुद्रा, (3). व्यान मुद्रा, (4). उदान मुद्रा और (5). समान मुद्रा अथवा मुकुल मुद्रा।
    प्राणायाम सम्बन्धी क्रियाएँ :- प्राणायाम  दौरान श्वास-निश्वास सम्बन्धी  तीन क्रियाएं  :- (1). पूरक, (2). कुम्भक और (3). रेचक।

    उक्त तीन तरह की क्रियाओं को ही हठयोगी अभ्यांतर वृत्ति, स्तम्भ वृत्ति और बाह्य वृत्ति कहते हैं। अर्थात श्वास को लेना, रोकना और छोड़ना। अंदर रोकने को आंतरिक कुम्भक और बाहर रोकने को बाह्म कुम्भक कहते हैं।




    No comments:

    Post a Comment